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Nick News

In Harm's Way: Japan Through the Eyes of Its Kids

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Nick News

In Harm's Way: Japan Through the Eyes of Its Kids

>> Ellerbee: I'M LINDA ELLERBEE. IT'S GOING TO BE HARD FOR YOU TO AVOID THE MEDIA NOISE SURROUNDING THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE SEPTEMBER 11TH ATTACKS, WHICH MEANS YOU MAY GET A LOT OF INFORMATION THAT'S WRONG. FOR THIS REASON, NICK NEWS HAS PUT TOGETHER A PROGRAM FOR TODAY'S KIDS, EXPLAINING JUST WHAT DID HAPPEN TEN YEARS AGO, WHAT WE KNOW, AND WHAT WE DON'T KNOW. WE HAVE INTENTIONALLY NOT INCLUDED IN OUR SHOW THE MOST FRIGHTENING VISUALS FROM THAT DAY. NEVERTHELESS, THE SIMPLE FACT OF WHAT HAPPENED IS SCARY, SO WE URGE YOU TO INVITE A PARENT OR ANOTHER ADULT YOU TRUST TO WATCH WITH YOU. AND THEN YOU CAN TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU SAW AND WHY SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, IS AN IMPORTANT DATE IN AMERICAN HISTORY, YOUR HISTORY. >> I HEARD THAT ON 9/11, 500 PLANES DISAPPEARED IN THE AIR. >> I THINK THEY MIGHT HAVE SMUGGLED BOMBS INTO THE PLANES. >> I HEARD THAT THE TERRORISTS CAME FROM PAKISTAN. >> I HEARD THAT THEY WERE FROM IRAQ. >> THEY COULD HAVE BEEN HINDU. >> I THINK THE TERRORISTS WERE FROM JAPAN. >> I'M PRETTY SURE THAT SADDAM HUSSEIN WAS THE ONE WHO ORDERED THIS. >> I HEARD SOME PEOPLE SAY THEY THINK 9/11 NEVER HAPPENED. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: NONE OF WHAT YOU JUST HEARD THOSE KIDS SAYING IS TRUE, BUT IT'S NOT THEIR FAULT. MOST OF YOU DON'T REMEMBER SEPTEMBER 11, 2001. WHAT YOU KNOW COMES FROM WHAT YOU'VE READ, SEEN ON TV, OR BEEN TOLD, WHICH EXPLAINS WHY SO MANY KIDS TELL US WHAT THEY REALLY HAVE ARE QUESTIONS. OKAY, START HERE. IT WAS A BEAUTIFUL TUESDAY MORNING ON THE EAST COAST OF THE UNITED STATES. THE SUN WAS SHINING. ALL THINGS CONSIDERED, AMERICA SEEMED FAIRLY PEACEFUL. THIS WAS ABOUT TO CHANGE. IN FACT, IT HAD ALREADY BEGUN. HERE IS WHAT HAPPENED ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2001. 19 MEN, TERRORISTS, WORKING IN SMALL GROUPS, HAD BOARDED COMMERCIAL AIRLINE FLIGHTS IN BOSTON, NEWARK--WHICH IS JUST OUTSIDE NEW YORK-- AND AT DULLES AIRPORT, JUST OUTSIDE WASHINGTON, D.C. SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF, THE TERRORISTS HIJACKED-- THAT IS, THEY TOOK CONTROL OF-- FOUR COMMERCIAL AIRPLANES AND BEGAN TO FLY THOSE JETS THEMSELVES. AT 8:46 THAT MORNING, TERRORISTS FLEW THE FIRST OF THE FOUR HIJACKED PLANES, AMERICAN AIRLINES FLIGHT 11, INTO THE NORTH TOWER OF THE TWIN TOWERS OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER IN NEW YORK CITY. >> I HAD JUST GOTTEN INTO MY CLASSROOM, AND A GIRL WAS LOOKING OUT THE WINDOW AND STARTED SCREAMING, "A PLANE JUST HIT THE TWIN TOWERS!" MY NAME IS LILA. I WAS TEN YEARS OLD ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, AND MY SCHOOL, P.S. 234, WAS FIVE BLOCKS AWAY FROM THE WORLD TRADE CENTER. MY TEACHER QUICKLY SHUT THE BLINDS. >> IN THE BEGINNING, I THOUGHT IT WAS AN ACCIDENT. MY NAME IS LUCAS. I WAS TEN YEARS OLD ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, AND I GREW UP ABOUT A MILE AWAY FROM THE WORLD TRADE CENTER. I WAS HOME SICK THAT DAY, AND RIGHT OUTSIDE MY WINDOW, I HAD A PERFECT VIEW OF THE TOWERS. I COULDN'T HEAR THE CRASH, BUT I DID HEAR A BUNCH OF POLICE SIRENS, BECAUSE THEY WERE COMING FROM ALL PARTS OF THE CITY. >> Ellerbee: WHAT LUCAS WAS HEARING WAS THE FIRST OF NEARLY 3,000 EMERGENCY PERSONNEL, MANY OF WHOM WERE OFF DUTY THAT DAY, MAKING THEIR WAY TO THE WORLD TRADE CENTER AS FAST AS POSSIBLE. >> I REMEMBER FIREFIGHTERS AND POLICEMEN, EMERGENCY WORKERS IN GENERAL, TRYING TO GET TO THE SITE TO TRY TO SAVE THOSE WHO THEY COULD. MY NAME IS MCGEE, AND I LIVE FIVE BLOCKS FROM THE WORLD TRADE CENTER, AND I WAS 11 ON SEPTEMBER 11TH. >> Ellerbee: THE ORDER WENT OUT TO EVACUATE EVERYBODY FROM THE SOUTH TOWER OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER, AND THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WERE ABLE TO GET SAFELY OUT OF THAT BUILDING BEFORE TERRORISTS CRASHED THE SECOND PLANE, UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 175, INTO IT. THE PRESIDENT WAS VISITING A SECOND GRADE CLASS IN FLORIDA. THE WHITE HOUSE CHIEF OF STAFF WHISPERED TO HIM THAT A PLANE HAD HIT THE SECOND TOWER. >> THE PRESIDENT, HE JUST SAT THERE, AND HIS FACE JUST WENT DEAD. HE HAD, LIKE, A BLANK STARE, AND NOBODY KNEW WHAT WAS GOING ON, SO WE JUST WENT ON WITH THE LESSON. MY NAME IS JAMIE. I WAS SEVEN YEARS OLD ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, AND I WAS IN THE CLASSROOM WHEN GEORGE BUSH GOT THE NEWS OF THE ATTACK. YOU CAN BASICALLY TELL, LIKE, THAT SOMETHING HAPPENED FROM HIS FACIAL EXPRESSION. IT WAS LIKE HE WAS COMPLETELY OUT OF THE ROOM. >> Ellerbee: WHILE FIREMEN, POLICE OFFICERS, AND OTHER EMERGENCY FIRST RESPONDERS WERE STILL CLIMBING UP INTO THE BURNING BUILDINGS, GETTING EVEN MORE PEOPLE OUT SAFELY, THE TERRORISTS CRASHED THE THIRD HIJACKED PLANE, AMERICAN AIRLINES FLIGHT 77, INTO THE PENTAGON, THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY, WHICH IS JUST OUTSIDE WASHINGTON, D.C. AND THEN THERE WAS THE FOURTH PLANE. ON BOARD UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 93, A FLIGHT ATTENDANT, USING AN AIRLINE PHONE, HAD CALLED HER HEADQUARTERS TO SAY THAT THE PLANE HAD BEEN HIJACKED. OTHER PASSENGERS ALSO MADE CALLS AND FOUND OUT WHAT HAD ALREADY HAPPENED THAT MORNING. >> MY NAME IS SARAH. I WAS 14 YEARS OLD ON SEPTEMBER 11TH, AND MY SISTER WAS A PASSENGER ON FLIGHT 93. SHE CALLED MY MOTHER AND SAID, "MOM, YOU KNOW, OUR PLANE HAS BEEN HIJACKED, AND I WANTED TO CALL AND SAY GOOD-BYE." >> Ellerbee: THE TERRORIST TURNED THE JET. FLIGHT 93 WAS NOW HEADING IN THE DIRECTION OF THE NATION'S CAPITAL, WASHINGTON, D.C. BUT THE PASSENGERS, KNOWING WHAT HAD HAPPENED TO THE OTHER PLANES, REVOLTED. >> FACED WITH AN EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCE, THESE PASSENGERS AND CREW BANDED TOGETHER AND DECIDED THAT THEY WEREN'T GOING TO LET THAT PLANE REACH ITS INTENDED TARGET. >> Ellerbee: AND IT DID NOT. UNITED AIRLINES FLIGHT 93 CRASHED INTO AN EMPTY FIELD IN PENNSYLVANIA. >> THERE WAS A STRUGGLE FOR CONTROL OF THE PLANE. AND, ULTIMATELY, ALTHOUGH THE LIVES OF THE 40 PASSENGERS AND CREW WERE LOST, NO OTHER BUILDING AND NO OTHER LIFE ON THE GROUND WAS LOST. >> Ellerbee: BACK IN NEW YORK, THE SOUTH TOWER OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER, AFTER BURNING FOR 56 MINUTES, COLLAPSED IN TEN SECONDS. >> I REMEMBER THERE WAS, LIKE, ONE PIECE OF METAL JUST, LIKE, THAT LOOMED THERE AND JUST, LIKE, SLOWLY BENT DOWN TO THE SIDE TO ITS COLLAPSE. IT DIDN'T SEEM LIKE IT WAS REAL TO ME, SOMETHING THAT WOULD NEVER HAPPEN IN REAL LIFE. >> Ellerbee: 20 MINUTES LATER, THE NORTH TOWER COLLAPSED. AT THIS POINT, MORE THAN 1 MILLION PEOPLE-- WORKERS, RESIDENTS, AND TOURISTS-- WERE ORDERED TO EVACUATE A HUGE AREA AROUND THE SITE OF THE WORLD TRADE CENTER. SURE, PEOPLE WERE SCARED, BUT THEY DID NOT TRAMPLE OTHER PEOPLE. AGAIN AND AGAIN, YOU SAW STRANGERS HELPING ONE ANOTHER SO THAT EVERYONE COULD GET TO SAFETY AND EVENTUALLY HOME. >> WHAT I REMEMBER MOST WAS THAT THIS FIREMAN CARRIED ME FOR ABOUT HALF A BLOCK RIGHT AS THE FIRST TOWER COLLAPSED. AND, I MEAN, I'LL NEVER FORGET HIS FACE OR WHAT HE LOOKED LIKE. >> MY FATHER WAS ONE OF THE FIRST RESPONDERS WHO EVACUATED PEOPLE OUT OF THE AREA AROUND GROUND ZERO. MY NAME IS ALEXIS. I WAS SEVEN ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, AND MY FATHER WAS A PARAMEDIC FOR THE NEW YORK CITY FIRE DEPARTMENT. >> Ellerbee: THROUGHOUT THAT AFTERNOON AND INTO THE NIGHT, FIREMEN, COPS, CONSTRUCTION WORKERS, AND OTHER VOLUNTEERS SEARCHED THE WORLD TRADE CENTER SITE AND THE PENTAGON RUBBLE FOR SURVIVORS. THAT SEARCH WOULD GO ON 24 HOURS A DAY FOR SEVERAL DAYS. >> THAT EVENING, MY DAD CAME HOME FROM WORK, AND HE WAS COVERED IN DUST AND SOOT FROM THE DEBRIS. AND IT WAS THEN THAT I REALIZED THAT WHATEVER HAD HAPPENED THAT DAY WAS REALLY IMPORTANT. >> Ellerbee: ALTHOUGH NEARLY 3,000 PEOPLE DIED IN THE WORLD TRADE CENTER, 50,000 WORKED THERE. MORE THAN 100 DIED IN THE PENTAGON, BUT 23,000 PEOPLE WORKED THERE. HUNDREDS OF FIREFIGHTERS, POLICE OFFICERS, AND OTHER RESCUE WORKERS DIED, BUT THOUSANDS DID NOT. AND WHILE MORE THAN 250 PEOPLE DIED ON THE FOUR HIJACKED PLANES, THERE WERE MANY THOUSANDS OF PLANES FLYING THAT MORNING THAT WERE NOT HIJACKED. SO AS YOU CAN SEE, THE STORY OF WHAT DID HAPPEN ON THAT DAY IS NOT THE WHOLE STORY, NOR DOES IT INCLUDE WHAT HAPPENS NEXT. HERE NOW ARE SOME KIDS WITH QUESTIONS AND SOME ADULTS WHO WILL TRY TO ANSWER THEM. >> MY QUESTION IS, HOW COULD THE SECURITY LET THOSE PEOPLE IN WHEN THEY HAD WEAPONS? >> BEFORE SEPTEMBER 11TH, SECURITY WAS VERY DIFFERENT THAN WHAT WE SEE TODAY. THEN, SECURITY SPECIALISTS WERE LOOKING FOR GUNS BUT NEVER FOR SMALL INSTRUMENTS THAT COULD BE USED AS WEAPONS. I AM JULIETTE KAYYEM, FORMER ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY. THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WAS CREATED AFTER SEPTEMBER 11TH TO UNIFY ALL OF AMERICA'S AGENCIES TO BETTER PROTECT AMERICA. >> THIS GOVERNMENT FAILED, IN MULTIPLE WAYS, TO DO THINGS TO PREVENT THIS HIJACKING. ONE OF THE WAYS WAS THAT 17 OUT OF THE 19 HIJACKERS HAD EITHER A PHONY PASSPORTS OR SOME PROBLEMS WITH THEIR PASSPORT, SO THEY SHOULDN'T EVEN HAVE GOTTEN INTO THE COUNTRY. MY NAME'S TOM KEAN. I WAS CHAIRMAN OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION, AND THAT WAS A COMMITTEE THE PRESIDENT APPOINTED TO INVESTIGATE HOW 9/11 COULD POSSIBLY HAVE HAPPENED AND SECONDLY TO MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS SO THAT IT WOULD NEVER HAPPEN AGAIN. >> WHAT I WANT TO KNOW ABOUT 9/11 IS, WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR IT, AND WHERE WERE THEY FROM? >> I WANT TO KNOW WHAT COUNTRY THEY REPRESENTED AND WHO THEIR LEADER WAS. >> THE TERRORISTS WHO HIJACKED THE FOUR AIRCRAFT WERE AVERAGE 24 YEARS OF AGE. THEY ALL CAME FROM THE MIDDLE EAST. THEY WERE YOUNG ARAB MALES. 15 OF THEM CAME FROM SAUDI ARABIA. OTHERS CAME FROM LEBANON, FROM THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, FROM EGYPT. THEY ALL HAD JOINED A TERRORIST GROUP CALLED AL-QAEDA. MY NAME IS BRUCE HOFFMAN. I'M A PROFESSOR AT GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, AND I'M THE AUTHOR OF THE BOOK INSIDE TERRORISM. >> THE TERRORISTS WERE LED BY OSAMA BIN LADEN. AND OSAMA BIN LADEN WAS THE SON OF A WEALTHY SAUDI ARABIAN FAMILY. AND HE BELIEVED THAT VIOLENCE IN THE NAME OF ISLAM AND TO CREATE ISLAMIC GOVERNMENTS WAS JUSTIFIED AND THAT VIOLENCE AGAINST UNARMED CIVILIANS WAS JUSTIFIED. >> WE KNOW THAT MUSLIMS CAUSED THE DESTRUCTION ON 9/11. SHOULD WE BE BLAMING THE MAJORITY OF MUSLIMS FOR THESE ACTIONS? DO THE MAJORITY OF MUSLIMS FEEL THIS WAY ABOUT AMERICA? >> AFTER 9/11, SOME PEOPLE DID BLAME ALL MUSLIMS. BUT IT WAS WRONG. >> THE TERRORISTS WERE MUSLIM. THEY DID SOMETHING IN THE NAME OF ISLAM. BUT THE MAJORITY OF MUSLIMS IN THE WORLD CONDEMN VIOLENCE AND CONDEMN WHAT BIN LADEN DID. >> TEN YEARS AFTER 9/11, WITH SO MUCH INTEREST IN ISLAM, IT IS STILL A MISUNDERSTOOD RELIGION AND CIVILIZATION. I'M AKBAR AHMED, CHAIR OF ISLAMIC STUDIES, AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, WASHINGTON, D.C. THE MAJORITY OF MUSLIMS HAVE THE HIGHEST RESPECT FOR THE IDEALS THAT THE UNITED STATES STANDS FOR, THE IDEALS OF HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES, JUSTICE, DEMOCRACY. HOWEVER, A LOT OF MUSLIMS ARE UNHAPPY WITH THE FOREIGN POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES. THE DIFFERENCE IS THAT A LOT OF MUSLIMS WILL WRITE LETTERS OR WRITE BOOKS OR GET INTO A DISCUSSION. THEY MAY HAVE PEACE CONFERENCES. THEY MAY PROTEST. THEY WOULD NOT WANT TO BLOW THEMSELVES UP OR BLOW OTHER PEOPLE UP. THAT'S THE DIFFERENCE. >> ONE OF THE STRATEGIES OSAMA BIN LADEN HAD WAS, IF POSSIBLE, TO GET A WALL BETWEEN CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM. AND EVERY TIME I SEE OR HEAR ABOUT SOMEBODY IN THIS COUNTRY DISCRIMINATING IN SOME WAY OR OTHER AGAINST A MUSLIM, THAT'S WHAT BIN LADEN WANTED. THEY'RE DOING WHAT BIN LADEN WANTED TO HAVE HAPPEN. AND THE BEST THING WE CAN DO TO GET RID OF BIN LADEN'S WHOLE LEGACY IS TO GET ALONG WITH EACH OTHER. >> ON MY ORDERS, THE UNITED STATES MILITARY HAS BEGUN STRIKES AGAINST AL-QAEDA TERRORIST TRAINING CAMPS AND MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN AFGHANISTAN. >> A MAJORITY OF THE ATTACKERS ON 9/11 WERE FROM SAUDI ARABIA AND NOT AFGHANISTAN. WHY, THEN, DID THE UNITED STATES DECIDE TO INVADE AFGHANISTAN INSTEAD OF SAUDI ARABIA? >> AFGHANISTAN WAS THE PLACE WHERE TERRORISTS GATHERED TO TRAIN AND WORKED IN SECRET SO THEY COULD GET READY TO ATTACK THE UNITED STATES. MY NAME IS ARI FLEISCHER. I'M THE FORMER WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY UNDER GEORGE BUSH. THE GOVERNMENT OF AFGHANISTAN WAS ON THE SIDE OF THE TERRORISTS. SO PRESIDENT BUSH SAID, "GIVE US THE TERRORISTS. GIVE US OSAMA BIN LADEN, OR WE WILL GO TO WAR IN AFGHANISTAN TO GET THEM OURSELVES." THEY DID NOT HELP US, AND SO WE WENT TO WAR IN AFGHANISTAN TO GET THEM OURSELVES. >> WHAT I WANT TO KNOW ABOUT 9/11 IS WHAT MOTIVE THE PEOPLE HAD FOR DOING IT. >> WHY WOULD SOMEBODY COME INTO THE UNITED STATES AND CRASH INTO A BUILDING AND, WHILE THEY'RE DOING IT, THEY'RE KNOWING THAT THEY'RE GONNA DIE? >> WHAT WERE THE TERRORISTS TRYING TO ACCOMPLISH? WHAT WERE THEY TRYING TO DO? WHAT WERE THEY TRYING TO PROVE? >> AL-QAEDA STARTED BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE WERE UNHAPPY WITH THE LEADERS IN EGYPT OR THE LEADERS IN SAUDI ARABIA OR THE LEADERS IN LEBANON OR THE LEADERS SOMEWHERE. AND BIN LADEN'S VISION WAS, THE WAY TO GET RID OF OF ALL THESE LEADERS IS TO ATTACK THE UNITED STATES, BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE FRIENDS OF THE UNITED STATES. >> BIN LADEN HAS TOLD US HE OPPOSED U.S. FOREIGN POLICY, WHICH INCLUDED OUR SUPPORT OF ISRAEL AND OUR MILITARY PRESENCE WITHIN THE MIDDLE EAST, IN PARTICULAR, IN HIS HOME COUNTRY OF SAUDI ARABIA. >> I THINK, AT THE BACK OF HIS MIND, THERE WAS THE IDEA THAT IF YOU COULD STRIKE THE MOST KNOWN SYMBOLS OF AMERICA-- THE TOWERS IN NEW YORK REPRESENTING FINANCE, THE PENTAGON REPRESENTING THE DEFENSE MIGHT OF AMERICA-- THAT WITH THESE STRIKES, THE MUSLIM WORLD, THE MUSLIM POPULATION, THE MUSLIM MASSES WOULD RISE AND SUPPORT HIM. >> HE WANTED TO ESTABLISH SOMETHING CALLED A CALIPHATE, WHICH IS SORT OF A BIG MUSLIM DICTATORSHIP, OF THE WORLD. >> BIN LADEN ENVISIONED HIMSELF AND AL-QAEDA AS A WORLDWIDE, GLOBAL MOVEMENT. AND THE BEST WAY TO GET ATTENTION WAS TO DO SOMETHING SPECTACULAR. >> ON MY ORDERS, COALITION FORCES HAVE BEGUN STRIKING SELECTED TARGETS OF MILITARY IMPORTANCE TO UNDERMINE SADDAM HUSSEIN'S ABILITY TO WAGE WAR. >> WHAT DID 9/11 HAVE TO DO WITH THE INVASION OF IRAQ? >> AFTER SEPTEMBER 11TH AND WE WERE HIT BY A SNEAK ATTACK, THE PRESIDENT MADE THE DECISION THAT HE WOULD NEVER ALLOW AMERICA TO BE HIT BY ANOTHER SNEAK ATTACK BY ANYBODY. THE PRESIDENT HAD BEEN TOLD THAT SADDAM HUSSEIN HAD SOME OF THE BIGGEST, WORST WEAPONS YOU CAN IMAGINE. THESE WEAPONS ARE CALLED WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION. AND SO TO PROTECT AMERICA AND TO MAKE SURE THAT THIS THREAT NEVER COULD STRIKE OUT AT US, THE PRESIDENT MADE THE DECISION TO ATTACK IRAQ AND TO GET RID OF SADDAM HUSSEIN. >> WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION WERE NOT REALLY FOUND. >> THERE WERE SENATORS, THERE WERE CONGRESSMEN, THERE WERE FORMER CIA PEOPLE, THERE WERE PEOPLE PRIVY TO THE INFORMATION THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT HAD WHO THOUGHT A PREEMPTIVE STRIKE IN IRAQ MADE NO STRATEGIC SENSE. I'M AARON BROWN. I'M A JOURNALIST. ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, I WAS THE PRINCIPAL ANCHOR OF CNN. EVEN PEOPLE WHO THOUGHT THE WAR WAS A TERRIFIC IDEA HAVE TO CONCEDE THAT THEY TOTALLY MISUNDERSTOOD THE COST OF THAT WAR TO AMERICANS AND IRAQIS. >> IN THE END, THE WAR IN IRAQ ACTUALLY MAY HAVE MADE US MORE AT RISK FROM AL-QAEDA AND TERRORISTS, BECAUSE PEOPLE IN THE ARAB WORLD WERE SO ANGRY AT US FOR ATTACKING IRAQ. IRAQ DID NOT HAVE THE WEAPONS WE SHOULD HAVE FEARED. STABILIZING IRAQ TOOK YEARS, NOT MONTHS. AND THE WAR AND STABILIZING IRAQ CONTINUES TO THIS DAY. >> HOW WAS OSAMA BIN LADEN ABLE TO AVOID DETECTION FOR TEN YEARS WITH SUCH A HUGE REWARD OVER HIS HEAD? >> MONEY WASN'T GOING TO CATCH BIN LADEN, BECAUSE THERE WAS NOT ANYBODY IN THAT PART OF THE WORLD THAT HE WAS IN WHO REALLY WANTED THAT MUCH MONEY OR WERE AFRAID IF THEY DID TURN HIM IN, THE MONEY WOULDN'T BE WORTH ANY, 'CAUSE THEY'D BE KILLED IMMEDIATELY BY THEIR OWN PEOPLE OR BY AL-QAEDA. SO I THINK THE FEAR OF GETTING KILLED THEMSELVES AND THE LOYALTY WHICH HE HAD AMONG HIS IMMEDIATE FOLLOWERS KEPT HIM SAFE FOR A LONG, LONG TIME. >> AS MUCH AS WE HATED HIM, AND WE DID, THERE WERE PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD, PAKISTAN IN PARTICULAR, AFGHANISTAN CERTAINLY, WHO REVERED HIM, WHO THOUGHT, "HERE'S THE GUY THAT STRUCK OUT AT THE EVIL AMERICANS." >> I CAN REPORT TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND TO THE WORLD THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS CONDUCTED AN OPERATION THAT KILLED OSAMA BIN LADEN, THE LEADER OF AL-QAEDA. >> NOW THAT OSAMA BIN LADEN HAS BEEN KILLED, DOES THAT MEAN THE WAR ON TERROR IS OVER? >> WE'RE ALL MUCH BETTER OFF AND SAFER OFF BECAUSE PRESIDENT OBAMA WAS SUCCESSFUL IN KILLING OSAMA BIN LADEN. BUT IT DOESN'T MEAN THAT ALL HIS FOLLOWERS ARE NOW GONNA TAKE UP KNITTING. >> BIN LADEN CREATED A TERRORIST GROUP THAT, OVER THE YEARS, HAS GROWN, THAT'S SPREAD TO OTHER COUNTRIES, THAT REALLY GOES BEYOND JUST ONE MAN. >> THE CHALLENGE IS STILL THERE, BUT YOU'RE ALREADY SEEING CHANGES IN THE MUSLIM WORLD. YOU'RE ALREADY SEEING THE YOUNG LEADING REVOLUTIONS. >> WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE MIDDLE EAST IS, THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE WHO ARE SAYING, "LOOK. WE HAVE DICTATORSHIPS HERE, AND WE WANT FREEDOM, WANT TO BE ABLE TO MAKE A GOOD LIVING. WE WANT TO VOTE FOR OUR OWN LEADERS." AND SO IN PLACES LIKE EGYPT AND A LOT OF OTHER COUNTRIES, THEY'RE TRYING TO TAKE CONTROL OF THEIR OWN GOVERNMENTS, AND THAT'S GOOD. >> WHILE OSAMA BIN LADEN WANTED TO FLY PLANES INTO BUILDINGS AND KILL PEOPLE, THE YOUNG PEOPLE IN CAIRO, THEY REMOVE THEIR CORRUPT RULERS THROUGH PEACEFUL REVOLUTION AND, IN THAT SENSE, MAKING OSAMA BIN LADEN AND HIS METHOD OF ACHIEVING CHANGE IRRELEVANT. >> Ellerbee: I URGE YOU WHO DON'T PERSONALLY REMEMBER THAT DAY, WHO PERHAPS YOU'RE ONLY REALLY LEARNING ABOUT IT NOW, TEN YEARS LATER, TO REMEMBER THIS: THE UNITED STATES WAS BRUTALLY ATTACKED, AND THOUSANDS OF INNOCENT PEOPLE DID DIE IN TERRIBLE WAYS, AND WE MUST NEVER FORGET THAT. BUT TRY TO LET THE IMAGES YOU RECALL FROM SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, BE THESE: AMERICANS, INCLUDING KIDS, DISPLAYING, UNDER THE MOST HORRIFIC CIRCUMSTANCES, THE TRIUMPH OF THE HUMAN SPIRIT. >> RIGHT AFTER 9/11, THERE WAS A LOT OF SUPPORT. EVERYONE IN THE COMMUNITY CAME TOGETHER. >> I REMEMBER FLOWERS, PEOPLE HOLDING CANDLES, THE MEMORIALS. >> PEOPLE LOOKED EACH OTHER IN THE EYE A LOT MORE. >> I REMEMBER WE GOT THIS HUGE BOX OF PAPER CRANES FROM THIS SCHOOL IN JAPAN. >> MY DAD'S FIREHOUSE RECEIVED A LOT OF LETTERS FROM KIDS ALL AROUND THE COUNTRY, THANKING THEM FOR WHAT THEY DID. >> "DEAR RESCUE WORKERS, I BET THAT MOST PEOPLE WOULDN'T HAVE THE COURAGE TO DO THE JOB YOU DO. I KNOW THAT I WOULD BE SCARED TO DEATH. BUT, THEN, I'M ONLY A SEVENTH GRADER." >> "YOU ARE THE BRAVEST PEOPLE I KNOW." >> "SOME PEOPLE THINK SINGERS ARE HEROES, BUT THEY'RE NOT. YOU ARE. SPIRITS WERE KILLED, BUT AMERICAN SPIRIT WILL GO ON." >> "THROUGH THE PROBLEMS WE HAVE, ALL OF YOU STAY STRONG. THIS SHOWS ME THAT I SHOULD NEVER GIVE UP." >> "DEAR HEROES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, I'VE WATCHED YOU ON TV, AND I SAW YOU WORK ALL DAY AND NIGHT. I DON'T KNOW WHAT AMERICA WOULD DO WITHOUT YOU." >> "I HOPE THAT THROUGH ALL THAT HAS HAPPENED, YOU STILL HAVE HOPE IN YOURSELF." >> "YOU ARE OUR COUNTRY'S CANDLE IN THE DARKNESS. YOU SHINE LIGHT ON US IN THIS TIME OF GRIEF AND SORROW." >> "ALL YOU WORKERS ENCOURAGE ME TO KEEP GOING ON." >> "I HAVE BEEN PRAYING FOR ALL THE FIREFIGHTERS WHO ARE STILL FIGHTING." >> "I KNOW MY LETTER IS NOT A MEDAL OR IS GOING TO SAVE PEOPLE, BUT IT'S FROM THE HEART, TO GIVE HOPE, TO GIVE LOVE WHEN YOU ARE NOT FEELING THESE THINGS. THANK YOU." >> "WE WILL SURVIVE." Captioning by CaptionMax www.captionmax.com >> Ellerbee: FOR MORE >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. INSIDE OUTSIDERS. NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: MISFIT, LONER, OUTCAST, OUTSIDER. PEOPLE TELL YOU EVERYBODY FEELS LIKE AN OUTSIDER AT ONE TIME OR ANOTHER, AND THEN THEY TELL YOU HOW THEY OVERCAME THEIR OUTSIDER-NESS. SEE, YOU'RE NOT SUPPOSED TO WANT TO BE AN OUTSIDER, EVERYBODY KNOWS THIS. ALL MIDDLE SCHOOLERS WANT TO FIT IN. EVERYBODY KNOWS THAT. KIDS WILL DO ALMOST ANYTHING TO FIT IN. THAT'S WHAT THEY SAY. WHAT IF IT'S A LIE? WHAT IF THERE ARE COOL KIDS OUT THERE COMFORTABLE BEING OUTSIDERS, KIDS WHO HAVE CHOSEN, AND FOLLOW, THE ROAD LESS TRAVELED? HERE ARE SOME OF THOSE ROADS, SOME OF THOSE KIDS, AND SOME OF THOSE FAMOUS FORMER KIDS. >> I GUESS I WOULD DESCRIBE MYSELF AS MYSTERIOUS. MY STYLE IS THE MIA STYLE, BECAUSE, LIKE, I'M NOT GOTH. I'M NOT PREPPY. I'M NOT ANYTHING. I AM THE MIA. >> I WAS A LONER, AND I WAS VERY ARTISTIC AND REALLY CREATIVE. I'M SEEING MYSELF, LIKE, WALKING THROUGH SCHOOL HUMMING TO MYSELF AND LOOKING AT THE SKY. AND, YOU KNOW, I PROBABLY DID LOOK CRAZY TO KIDS. >> THE FACT THAT I'M INTO TRAINS IS PRETTY OUTCAST-ISH, IF THAT'S EVEN A REAL WORD. I USED TO TRY AND TALK ABOUT IT, BUT KIDS IN SCHOOL WOULD JUST LOOK AT ME LIKE... AND I WOULD BE LIKE, "YEAH, I SHOULD SHUT UP NOW." >> OH, I DEFINITELY THOUGHT I WAS WEIRD IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. I WAS, LIKE, INTO SCIENCE FICTION AND TOTALLY INTO STAR TREK, YOU KNOW, BUT THAT WAS BEFORE I DISCOVERED SOMETHING EVEN LESS SOCIALLY APPROPRIATE, WHICH WAS THE THEATER. >> HORSES ARE MY LIFE. I WOULD DESCRIBE MYSELF AS A COWGIRL. I LOVE DRESSING WITH WESTERN SHIRTS ON, I GET A LOT OF WEIRD LOOKS FOR THAT. I LOVE WEARING MY BIG, CHUNKY BELTS, MY BELT BUCKLES. I WEAR BOOTS TO SCHOOL, AND THEY NORMALLY HAVE A LITTLE, LIKE, COW POOP ON THEM OR SOMETHING. >> OTHER KIDS TREATED ME LIKE I WAS KIND OF AN OUTCAST. I WAS STARTING TO SORT OF FIND MY OWN PATH DOING AN ACTIVITY THAT WASN'T VERY POPULAR. THE PERCEPTION OF SKATING IN THOSE DAYS WAS NOT COOL. IT WAS--IT WAS THAT IT WAS KIDS' STUFF. >> SOMETIMES I DO FEEL LIKE AN OUTSIDER OR A DIFFERENT PERSON THAN FROM OTHER PEOPLE. A LOT OF TIMES I AM VIEWED KIND OF AS NERDY, BECAUSE I LIKE VIOLIN AND GOOD GRADES ARE REALLY IMPORTANT TO ME. >> WHEN I WAS 12, 13, 14 YEARS OLD, I WAS BEING TIED UP IN A STRAITJACKET IN 100 FEET OF ROPE. I WAS JUMPING OFF THE ROOF OF MY MOM'S HOUSE INTO HEDGES THINKING I WAS A STUNT MAN. I WAS TRYING TO CREATE REALLY UNIQUE ILLUSIONS. MY PASSION FOR MAGIC AND THE TIME THAT I SPENT DOING IT WAS NOT TYPICAL OR NORMAL. >> THE WAY, LIKE, I DRESS IS I GUESS MORE DARK. MY NAME IS MIA. I'M 14, AND I LIVE IN ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI. I HAVE HAD EVERY COLOR IN MY HAIR. I LIKE TO SMOKE MY EYES A LOT, IT GIVES, LIKE, MY EYES A MYSTERIOUS LOOK, KIND OF. THE SPIKES, I THINK, HOW IT MAKES ME LOOK IS, LIKE, STRONG. TEARS, I GUESS, ARE A LITTLE FEELING EMO THING, RIGHT THERE. "EMO" IS SHORT FOR EMOTIONAL. A LOT OF KIDS THINK THAT EMOS ARE BAD PEOPLE, BUT WHAT PEOPLE DON'T SEE ABOUT EMO KIDS IS THAT THEY'RE VERY ARTISTIC. THEY EXPRESS THEMSELVES BUT IN A DARK WAY. I LOVE TO WRITE, I GUESS, LIKE, MY INNER FEELINGS WORK OUT, BUT I'M TURNING IT INTO A STORY. I LIKE TO DRAW ANIME. ANIME IS JAPANESE ANIMATION, IT'S NOT LIKE YOUR TYPICAL AMERICAN CARTOONS. IT'S DIFFERENT EVERY TIME. PEOPLE THINK, "OH, THAT'S THE WEIRD KID." LIKE, "FREAK GIRL." WHAT PEOPLE DON'T SEE IS THAT NOBODY'S THE SAME. I'M LIKE A PUZZLE WITH A THOUSAND, IF NOT A MILLION, MANY PIECES TO PUT TOGETHER. LOOK AT THE PERSON. TALK TO THEM WITHOUT TRYING TO MAKE FUN OF THEM. GET TO KNOW THEM. IF YOU JUST ACCEPT ME FOR WHO I AM, I'M ACTUALLY A PRETTY NICE PERSON. >> I FEEL LIKE YOU'RE VERY LUCKY IF YOU'RE A KID WHO HAS THAT THUNDERBOLT MOMENT WHEN YOU GO, "OKAY. THIS IS IT. THIS IS WHAT I WANT TO DO WITH MY LIFE." AND I WAS LUCKY ENOUGH TO HAVE THAT WHEN I WAS AROUND 12. MY NAME IS JON CRYER. I'M AN ACTOR. I HAD WORKED WITH A REALLY TERRIFIC MUSIC TEACHER AT MY JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WHO JUST TOTALLY INSPIRED ME. I WAS JUST SORT OF FIGURING OUT WHO I WAS AT THAT POINT. I DID NOT FEEL COMFORTABLE WITH MY--MY NEW BODY OR MY PIMPLES. SO FINDING THIS FOCUS OF DOING THE THEATER WAS A WAY FOR ME TO SORT OF GET OUT OF MYSELF, ACTUALLY, AND FIND SOMETHING ELSE TO FOCUS ON. BUT ONCE YOU DECIDE TO GO DOWN THAT ROAD, YOU'RE LEAVING A LOT OF PEOPLE BEHIND. AND SO, ALL OF A SUDDEN, MY SCIENCE FICTION FRIENDS-- TONY AND WILLY, I'M SORRY ABOUT THIS TO THIS DAY-- THEY DON'T WANT TO HANG OUT WITH YOU, BECAUSE YOU'RE SINGING SONGS FROM BYE BYE BIRDIE. I DEFINITELY KEPT MY DISTANCE FROM A LOT OF THE OTHER STUDENTS. I WOULD, YOU KNOW, EAT LUNCH ALONE. I DIDN'T HAVE ANYTHING TO TALK ABOUT WITH THE NORMAL KIDS ANYMORE. I HAD THIS WHOLE OTHER LIFE. I DIDN'T NOTICE THAT I WAS NOT PART OF A SOCIAL GROUP. I DIDN'T NOTICE, BECAUSE I WAS DOING WHAT I WANTED TO DO. I GOT THE CONFIDENCE TO FEEL OKAY ABOUT MYSELF FROM PERFORMING. WHEN YOU PERFORM, YOU LEARN SO MUCH ABOUT WHAT YOU CAN DO AND PEOPLE'S REACTIONS TO YOU, AND, GOOD OR BAD, YOU'VE TAKEN A CHALLENGE. >> MY INTERESTS ARE JUST SO DIFFERENT FROM OTHER PEOPLE. MY NAME IS JOHN. I'M 13, AND I LIVE IN METHUEN, MASSACHUSETTS. THE TOWN OF METHUEN IS VERY, VERY SPORTS ACTIVE. PEOPLE KIND OF IGNORE YOU IF YOU'RE NOT INTO SPORTS. I TRIED TO BE INTO SPORTS, BUT THEN I REALIZED, "WHO AM I KIDDING? I'M NOT--I DON'T LIKE SPORTS." AND I TRIED MY HAND AT BOY SCOUTS, BUT THAT REALLY WASN'T FOR ME. WHEN KIDS HEAR THE WORD "TRAIN", OR THEY THINK OF LIKE, "CHOO-CHOO" OR "CHUGGA-CHUGGA" AND LOTS OF BABYISH TERMS. WHEN I THINK OF TRAIN, I THINK OF A BIG BLOCK OF STEEL WITH SMOKE INSIDE OF IT. I GO TO, LIKE, EVERY SINGLE TRAIN SHOW I CAN GET TO. IT'S MOSTLY JUST REALLY DUSTY OLD PIECES. I GET NEW STUFF EVERY TIME I GO. THE ROOM WHERE MY TRAINS ARE IS FORMALLY THE GUEST BEDROOM. NORMALLY, WHAT I'M DOING UP THERE IS, I'M MAKING VIDEOS WITH MY CAMERA. THEY'RE JUST LIKE LITTLE, TINY ACTORS WHO, THANKFULLY, DO WHATEVER YOU WANT. I HAVE A LOT OF FUN WHEN I'M ON MY OWN, BECAUSE, I MEAN, LIKE, I HAVE A VERY ACTIVE IMAGINATION. KIDS DON'T GET IT AT ALL. I MEAN, THEY DON'T SEE THE BEAUTY IN TRAINS THAT I SEE. I WANT KIDS TO KNOW THAT I'M NOT JUST, LIKE, SOME DORK WHO CAN'T DO ANYTHING RIGHT. IT'S A LIFELONG HOBBY. IT NEVER GETS OLD. THERE'S JUST SOMETHING MAGICAL ABOUT IT. >> HORSES ARE MY LIFE. I'M NOT INVOLVED IN, LIKE, THE EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AT SCHOOL. I DON'T HAVE THE TIME TO PUT INTO BOTH, AND I LIKE MY HORSES BETTER THAN PEP RALLIES AND DANCES AND FOOTBALL GAMES. I'M BAILEY. I'M 14, AND I'M FROM KELLER, TEXAS. COME ON, BABY. I'M OBSESSED WITH THE HORSES. LIKE, I'LL PUT THEM ABOVE ME SOMETIMES. I FEEL THAT MY HORSES UNDERSTAND ME IN A WAY THAT NO ONE ELSE DOES, BECAUSE THEY CAN, LIKE, SENSE THE WAY YOU'RE FEELING. AND YOU CAN, LIKE, TALK TO THEM. THEY'RE NOT GOING TO TELL ANYONE YOUR SECRETS. THEY'RE MY BEST FRIENDS. I LIKE TO BARREL RACE WITH MY HORSES. BARREL RACING IS A RODEO EVENT WHERE YOU RUN AROUND THREE BARRELS IN A CLOVER LEAF PATTERN, AND YOU WANT TO HAVE THE FASTEST TIME. AT SCHOOL, PEOPLE WILL BE TALKING ABOUT THE LATEST MOVIES, THE LATEST TRENDS, AND NO ONE ELSE RIDES, SO I DON'T HAVE ANYONE TO TALK ABOUT THAT WITH. SO NORMALLY, IT'S JUST ME THINKING ABOUT WHICH BARREL RACES I CAN GO TO. MY PARENTS RAISED ME TO BE CONFIDENT. THEY RAISED ME TO DO WHAT I BELIEVE IN. I CAN BE WHO I WANT TO BE AND DO WHAT I LOVE WITHOUT CARING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK ABOUT ME. PEOPLE THINK, "YOU BARREL RACE HORSES. YOU RUN AROUND THREE BARRELS. LIKE, IT'S POINTLESS, AND IT'S STUPID." A LOT OF KIDS DON'T UNDERSTAND THE AMOUNT OF TIME AND EFFORT IT TAKES. I WORK THEM REALLY HARD, AND LIKE, IT'S A LOT OF SLOW WORK AND GETS THEM CONDITIONED AND READY, LIKE AN ATHLETE HAS TO GET READY FOR LIKE A TRACK MEET. FEELING THAT HORSE UNDERNEATH YOU AS IT BURSTS THROUGH THE ALLEYWAY, YOU CAN FEEL THAT POWER AS THEY LEAP FORWARD INTO THAT FIRST BARREL, AND WHEN THEY TURN, IT'S JUST, LIKE, YOU CAN FEEL IT IN SLOW MOTION. BUT YOU'RE RUNNING FAST, AND I LOVE IT. >> WHEN I WAS IN MIDDLE SCHOOL, I HAD JUST STARTED SKATING. YOU'RE ALL PLAYING BASEBALL AND BASKETBALL AND THINGS, AND SUDDENLY I WAS DOING SOMETHING DIFFERENT, AND IT REALLY SORT OF SET THEM APART FROM ME, BECAUSE THEY WEREN'T INTO IT. MY NAME IS TONY HAWK. I'M A PROFESSIONAL SKATEBOARDER. MY BROTHER WOULD COME PICK ME UP ONCE A WEEK AND TAKE ME TO THE SKATE PARK. THAT WAS MY BIG OUTING. EVENTUALLY, I STARTED GOING ALMOST EVERY DAY, CONVINCING MY DAD TO TAKE ME. AND THEN, I WAS THERE--I MEAN, AS SOON AS I WAS OUT OF SCHOOL, I WAS AT THE PARK UNTIL SUNDOWN, AT LEAST. IF I HAD A SCHOOL PROJECT, IF I HAD A PAPER DUE, IT WAS ABOUT SOME FACET OF SKATING. IT BECAME MY OBSESSION, REALLY. I DIDN'T RELATE TO, YOU KNOW, WHATEVER SCHOOL ACTIVITIES WERE GOING ON. I DIDN'T GO TO THE SCHOOL FUNCTIONS. I DIDN'T GO TO THE SCHOOL DANCES. I JUST HAD DIFFERENT INTERESTS, AND YOU KNOW, KIDS ARE REALLY AFRAID TO LOOK OUTSIDE OF THEIR BUBBLE AT THAT AGE. AND SO I WAS JUST SEEN AS THIS WEIRDO. THERE WERE DEFINITELY TIMES WHEN I'D WALK THROUGH THE HALLWAY AND PEOPLE WOULD BE YELLING AT ME, LIKE, MAKING FUN OF ME BECAUSE I SKATED. LIKE, "OH SKATER, YOU STILL SKATE, LIKE, TOYS." I FELT LIKE, "YOU HAVE NO IDEA WHAT THIS IS. THIS IS SOMETHING THAT IS CONSTANTLY EVOLVING. THERE IS ALWAYS SOMETHING NEW TO LEARN HERE." IT'S A CONSTANT CHALLENGE. WE WERE OUT LITERALLY FLYING FIVE FEET ABOVE EMPTY SWIMMING POOLS. EVERY TIME I WENT SKATING, I LEARNED SOMETHING NEW. I LIKED BEING DIFFERENT. I LIKE THAT IT SET ME APART. BEING LABELED AS AN OUTCAST, BEING SEEN THAT WAY IN SCHOOL, IT SHAPED WHO I BECAME IN THAT I HAD TO HAVE MY OWN SELF-CONFIDENCE IN WHAT I WAS DOING AND BELIEVE IN WHAT I WAS DOING. IF ANYTHING, IT GAVE ME A FIRE, AND IT GAVE ME A WILL TO PURSUE WHAT I WAS DOING EVEN FURTHER. TO TAKE RISKS. >> I THINK OF MYSELF AS VERY ARTISTIC, SO WHEN KIDS WILL TALK ABOUT THE LATEST GAME, I DON'T REALLY KNOW WHAT THEY'RE TALKING ABOUT, BECAUSE SPORTS DON'T REALLY INTEREST ME THAT MUCH. MY NAME IS CORDON. I AM 12 YEARS OLD, AND I LIVE IN KANSAS CITY, KANSAS. I DON'T REALLY HANG OUT WITH KIDS AFTER SCHOOL VERY FREQUENTLY. IT DOESN'T HAPPEN VERY OFTEN, BECAUSE A LOT OF THE TIME, I'M REALLY BUSY. I'M IN ORCHESTRA PRACTICE OR STUDYING. [violin music] ♪ ♪ WHEN YOU'RE PLAYING MUSIC, IT'S JUST, LIKE, THE BEST PLACE YOU CAN BE. IT'S A VERY DEEP FEELING, A VERY INTERNAL, LIKE, IT'S A PART OF ME. I WOULD DESCRIBE MYSELF AS A VERY DIVERSE PERSON THAT LOVES MUSIC. MY MOTHER, SHE PLAYED THE VIOLIN WHEN SHE WAS YOUNGER. ACTUALLY, I HAVE HER VIOLIN. THAT'S HER VIOLIN THAT I PLAYED RIGHT NOW. I'VE BEEN PLAYING FOR ABOUT THREE YEARS. I PLAY EVERY DAY IN SCHOOL, AND I'M PART OF A LOCAL YOUTH ORCHESTRA. ACADEMICS ARE A REALLY BIG PART OF MY LIFE AS WELL. >> WHAT WAS HE DOING? WHO KNOWS? CORDON? >> BECAUSE HE EXAGGERATED. >> RIGHT. >> I CARE ABOUT MY FUTURE. I REALLY STRIVE FOR ALL "A"s, BUT LAST QUARTER I GOT A "B," AND IT WAS--FOR ME, IT WAS JUST SO TRAGIC. A LOT OF KIDS DON'T UNDERSTAND, BECAUSE THEY SAY, "YOU GOT A 'B.' WELL, THAT'S GOOD." BUT FOR ME, IT'S NOT GOOD. IT'S HARDER TO BE WHO YOU ARE, BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE NOT ACCEPTANT TO WHO YOU ARE. SO YOU HAVE TO BE REALLY STRONG AND BE REALLY SURE OF YOURSELF. I'M PROUD OF MY DIFFERENCES, MY UNIQUENESS, HOW I'M NOT THE SAME AS EVERYONE ELSE. >> WHEN I WAS SIX YEARS OLD, MY AUNT STELLA TAUGHT ME MY VERY FIRST CARD TRICK. AND THEN I BECAME REALLY OBSESSED WITH MAGIC. I'M CRISS ANGEL. I'M AN ARTIST AND ENTERTAINER. IN MIDDLE SCHOOL, THE ONLY THING I CARED ABOUT WAS GETTING IN SCHOOL AND OUT OF SCHOOL AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE SO I CAN WORK ON THE THINGS THAT I WAS REALLY, TRULY PASSIONATE ABOUT, AND THAT WAS MAGIC, THAT WAS ESCAPES. WHEN I WAS 12 YEARS OLD, I WOULD LITERALLY RIDE MY BICYCLE WITH MY PROPS IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD AND PERFORM AT BIRTHDAY PARTIES FOR KIDS THAT WERE EIGHT, NINE YEARS OLD, NOT MUCH YOUNGER THAN ME, AND I WAS ENTERTAINING THEM. I WAS DEFINITELY A LONER, BECAUSE I--MY BEST FRIEND WAS MAGIC. AND THAT WASN'T A PHYSICAL HUMAN BEING. IT WAS WHAT I LOVED TO DO AND WHAT I LOVED TO LEARN AND WHERE I LOVED TO SPEND MY TIME. SO I DEFINITELY FELT LIKE A LONER. I FELT LIKE AN OUTSIDER. WHEN ALL THE KIDS IN SCHOOL WERE GOING OUT TO DO SOMETHING TOGETHER, I WOULD NOT BE DOING THAT. I COULD REMEMBER, YOU KNOW, PEOPLE GOING ON A TRIP TO GO SKIING, AND I DIDN'T GO BECAUSE THAT WEEKEND I WAS GOING TO GO TO A MAGIC CONVENTION. I ALSO KNEW BACK THEN, IF I WANTED TO BE GREAT AT SOMETHING, I HAD TO BE COMMITTED TO IT. I REALLY DIDN'T CARE ABOUT BEING AN OUTSIDER. I DIDN'T CARE ABOUT NOT FITTING IN AND NOT REALLY DOING THE SOCIAL THINGS OR BEING PART OF THE ATHLETIC CLUB AT SCHOOL. FOR ME, IT WASN'T IMPORTANT. IT WAS JUST IMPORTANT TO DO WHAT MADE ME HAPPY. WHAT OTHER KIDS THOUGHT OF ME BACK THEN REALLY DIDN'T MATTER. >> I HAD SUCH AN ACTIVE LIFE IN HERE. I WAS JUST VERY QUIET. AND THERE WAS NO POINT IN EVEN TRYING TO TALK TO ANYONE ABOUT WHAT I WAS THINKING, BECAUSE IT WAS MINE. IT WAS MY OWN, YOU KNOW, IT WAS MY WORLD IN MY HEAD. MY NAME IS INDIA.ARIE, AND I'M A SINGER-SONGWRITER. IT WAS ALMOST LIKE I COULDN'T REALLY RELATE TO THE KIDS AROUND ME, BECAUSE, JUST, I HAD DIFFERENT INTERESTS, AND I WAS DIFFERENT. I WAS A LITTLE BIT OLDER-ACTING. LIKE, I LOVED VINYL AND ALL THE OLD MUSIC. I HAD ALL MY REALLY COLORFUL CLOTHES AND MY BELL BOTTOMS AND MY POLICEMEN SHOES. I HAD LOTS OF DIFFERENT JEWELRY THAT WAS MY MOM'S. THESE BIG OLD BRACELETS THAT I WOULD WEAR. LIKE, I LOOKED LIKE A GROWN LADY WITH JUST ALL THIS STUFF. AND I WOULD JINGLE AND MAKE SOUNDS AS I WAS WALKING DOWN THE HALL. I GOT TEASED SO BAD. I GOT TEASED SO MUCH, AND IT WAS A LOT, BUT IT WAS ALSO REALLY, REALLY MEAN. KIDS WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN TO ME. THEY WOULD BE LIKE, JUST STRAIGHT UP, "WHAT DO YOU HAVE ON? WHAT--WHAT--WHERE DID YOU GET THAT?" RIGHT, YOU KNOW, AND IT WAS ALMOST LIKE EVERY DAY THEY WOULD WAIT. THIS IS HOW IT FELT TO ME. THEY WOULD WAIT TO SEE WHAT I HAD ON SO THEY COULD MAKE FUN OF ME THAT DAY. KIDS WERE WRONG ABOUT ME IN THINKING THAT I WASN'T JUST LIKE THEM. JUST BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, BASED ON HAVING DIFFERENT TASTES IN THINGS. THAT DOESN'T DICTATE WHO YOU ARE INSIDE. LIKE, I HAD THE SAME ISSUES AND WAS GOING THROUGH THE SAME THINGS, ISSUES WITH MY FAMILY OR MY PARENTS. I WOULDN'T HAVE MINDED IF EVERYONE LIKED ME. LIKE, THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN A WONDERFUL THING. BUT NOT AT THE EXPENSE OF BEING ABLE TO BE-- JUST BE MYSELF. I THINK THAT MORE THAN KIDS WANTING TO JUST FIT IN, I THINK WHAT KIDS REALLY WANT IS FOR PEOPLE TO BE NICE TO THEM. THIS IS THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING: I GREW UP TO BE A SINGER-SONGWRITER, AND EVERYBODY ENDED UP WANTING TO DRESS LIKE ME. >> PEOPLE ALWAYS DID THINK THAT, YOU KNOW, LIKE, "WHAT ARE YOU WASTING YOUR TIME? MAGIC? THAT'S A HOBBY, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO--" BUT I DIDN'T--I DIDN'T LISTEN TO THOSE PEOPLE, YOU KNOW. I JUST KNEW, AND I BELIEVED IN MYSELF. I WOULD JUST BRUSH IT OFF AND BE LIKE, "YOU'LL SEE. YOU'LL SEE ONE DAY." >> I CHOSE TO DO SOMETHING OUTSIDE OF WHAT THE OTHER KIDS WERE DOING. IF I FELT LIKE I WAS TRYING TO BE LIKE THE MORE NORMAL KIDS OR THE MORE POPULAR KIDS, IT WOULD HAVE FELT LIKE, "WHO AM I KIDDING?" SO I DIDN'T BOTHER TRYING. >> PERSONALLY, I FEEL LIKE I AM NEVER GOING TO FIT IN. I MEAN, I'VE THOUGHT ABOUT IT AND THOUGHT ABOUT IT AND THOUGHT ABOUT IT. BUT I'VE REALIZED I JUST CANNOT FIT IN. IT TAKES MORE ENERGY TO FIT IN THAN TO BE YOURSELF. IT TAKES SO LITTLE ENERGY TO BE YOURSELF. YOU DON'T HAVE TO DO ANYTHING. IN FACT, YOU'RE ACTUALLY GAINING ENERGY WHEN YOU BE YOURSELF. >> WHEN YOU FIT IN, YOU'RE JUST LIKE EVERYBODY ELSE. I'M COMFORTABLE WITH WHO I AM, AND I WANT TO BE WHO I AM AND BE PROUD OF IT. >> I EMBRACE WHO I AM. I AM THE HORSE GIRL THAT LOVES HER HORSES AND WILL DO ANYTHING FOR THEM. I'M GOING TO LIVE MY LIFE THE WAY I WANT TO AND DO WHAT I LOVE DOING. >> YOU ARE PAVING YOUR OWN WAY AND PROBABLY DOING SOMETHING UNIQUE AND SOMETHING THAT MAYBE HAS NEVER BEEN DONE. AND THAT'S THE MAKING OF GENIUS, YOU KNOW. THAT'S THE MAKING OF SOME OF THE BEST INNOVATORS OF OUR TIME. BECAUSE THEY CHOSE TO THINK DIFFERENTLY, AND BECAUSE THEY CHOSE OTHER ACTIVITIES OR OTHER INTERESTS AND MADE US RETHINK WHAT IS POSSIBLE, WHAT IT MEANS TO BE SUCCESSFUL. >> EVERYONE'S DIFFERENT, SO THERE'S NO MANUAL TO FIND YOURSELF, BUT I THINK THAT YOU JUST HAVE TO GO WITH WHAT YOU FEEL, BE IN TUNE WITH YOUR FEELINGS AND IN TUNE WITH YOUR HEART. >> I LOVED WHAT I LOVED SO MUCH THAT IT NEVER CROSSED MY MIND TO WANT TO CHANGE. BEING YOURSELF... BEING YOURSELF IS WHERE IT'S AT. LIKE, THAT'S THE REAL ANSWER. >> ELLERBEE: SOMEBODY TRYING TO DEFINE WORK ONCE SAID THAT, "IF YOU'D RATHER BE DOING SOMETHING ELSE, THEN WHAT YOU'RE DOING IS WORK." ON THE SUBJECT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT, I WOULD SAY IF YOU'D RATHER BE WHO YOU ARE THAN FIT IN, YOU MAY BE AN OUTSIDER, BUT YOU MAY ALSO BE SHOWING THE REST OF US NEW WAYS TO THINK ABOUT WHO YOU ARE. THE REAL TRICK IS FIGURING OUT WHO YOU ARE. OR IN THE WORDS OF ALBERT EINSTEIN, "A QUESTION THAT SOMETIMES DRIVES ME HAZY: AM I OR ARE THE OTHERS CRAZY?" I'M LINDA ELLERBEE. GOOD-BYE FOR NICK NEWS. Captioning by CaptionMax >> [speaking Japanese] >> WHEN I WAS A KID, I NEVER THOUGHT MUCH ABOUT EARTHQUAKES, TSUNAMIS, OR RADIATION. >> [speaking Japanese] >> MY PARENTS TOLD ME TO WORRY ABOUT THE RADIATION, BUT I DIDN'T REALLY KNOW WHAT IT MEANT. >> [speaking Japanese] >> THE AFTERSHOCKS CAME EVERY NIGHT FOR A WEEK. IT WOULD WAKE ME UP, AND I WOULD RUN OUTSIDE. >> [speaking Japanese] >> WAVES AND WAVES COMING TOWARDS ME. >> MY HOUSE WAS TOTALLY DESTROYED. >> NO MATTER WHERE I GO AND TAKE SHELTER, IT'S HARD FOR ME, AND I JUST WANT TO GO HOME. >> WHEN I PLAY WITH MY FRIENDS, WE DON'T TALK ABOUT THE EARTHQUAKE OR TSUNAMI. IF WE DO, IT WILL JUST MAKE US SAD. SOMETIMES I REMEMBER. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. IN HARM'S WAY? JAPAN THROUGH THE EYES OF ITS KIDS. NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: ON MARCH 11TH, 2011, A MASSIVE EARTHQUAKE STRUCK THE SEAS OFF JAPAN. THAT EARTHQUAKE CAUSED A GIANT TSUNAMI TO SLAM JAPAN'S NORTHEASTERN COAST. MORE THAN 15,000 PEOPLE WERE KILLED. THOUSANDS MORE ARE STILL CONSIDERED MISSING. HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WERE FORCED TO LEAVE THEIR HOMES. THE TSUNAMI TORE UP LIVES, BUILDINGS, AND SOMETIMES WHOLE COMMUNITIES. WHAT FOLLOWS ARE STORIES STRAIGHT FROM THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF ORDINARY KIDS WHO HAVE SURVIVED A CATASTROPHIC TSUNAMI AND NOW FACE AN UNCERTAIN, AND FOR SOME, A NUCLEAR-THREATENED FUTURE. WHAT IS IT LIKE TO BE THEM? >> [speaking Japanese] >> I SAW IT. I SAW THE TSUNAMI. WAVES AND WAVES COMING TOWARDS ME. >> [speaking Japanese] >> I THOUGHT, "MAYBE I'M GOING TO DIE." >> [speaking Japanese] >> I THOUGHT MY HOUSE WAS GOING TO WASH AWAY. >> [speaking Japanese] >> THE FIRST FLOOR WAS COMPLETELY SUBMERGED, AND MY NEIGHBORHOOD WAS THE SAME THING. >> IT'S ALL DESTROYED. >> [speaking Japanese] >> IS THIS OUR HOUSE? THIS ISN'T OUR HOUSE. >> THE PLACE I LIVE NOW IS THE MINATO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. >> WHEN I FIRST CAME HERE, I THOUGHT, "WOW, IT'S GOING TO BE TOUGH." >> BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE CAME, I HAD A TWO-STORY HOUSE. NOW THERE ARE 14 PEOPLE IN MY ROOM. >> LIVING IN A SCHOOL, I THINK TO MYSELF, "WHAT AM I DOING HERE? WHY AM I HERE?" >> I'D LIKE TO LEAVE, BUT SINCE I'VE GOT NO PLACE TO LIVE, I CAN'T GO. I LIKED THE OCEAN BEFORE THE TSUNAMI. >> AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE, SINCE THE TSUNAMI CAME, THE OCEAN HAS BECOME SCARY TO ME. >> [speaking Japanese] >> OUR HOUSE IS A PLACE WHERE YOU COULD ALWAYS HEAR THE WAVES. THE BEACH IS RIGHT THERE. I COULD HEAR THE CHEERS AND LAUGHTER OF KIDS. THE REASON WE CHOSE TO LIVE HERE IS BECAUSE WE LIKED THE BEACH. ON DAYS OFF, WE WOULD GO AND TAKE WALKS. MY MOTHER, SHE REALLY LOVED THE OCEAN. MY NAME IS SHOUYA. I AM 16 YEARS OLD. I LIVE IN MIYAGI PREFECTURE, ISHINOMAKI. IT WAS A NORMAL DAY. I THOUGHT, "AH, TODAY'S A SCHOOL DAY." MY MOM, SHE SAW ME OFF AT THE ENTRANCE WAY, AND SHE HANDED ME MY LUNCH, AND SAID, "I'LL SEE YOU." AND SUDDENLY, SUDDENLY THE WIND BLEW AND EVERYTHING CHANGED. >> Ellerbee: THE TSUNAMI THAT DESTROYED THEIR HOME AND THEIR TOWN ALSO KILLED SHOUYA'S MOTHER. >> I WAS ABLE TO GET IN TOUCH WITH MY GRANDMOTHER PRETTY SOON, SO I WENT TO HER. WHERE I LIVE NOW, IT DOESN'T FEEL LIKE A HOME, NOT LIKE A HOME YET. I OFTEN COME BACK HERE. THE DAILY VISIONS, NO MATTER WHERE I LOOK, IT STILL REMINDS ME. HERE FEELS MORE LIKE A HOME. THERE'S NOTHING. WHAT REMAINS IN MY HEAD IS THE LANDSCAPE AND WHAT IT LOOKED LIKE BEFORE. MAYBE THERE HASN'T BEEN ENOUGH TIME. I'VE LIVED HERE SINCE I WAS A KID. MAYBE I'M STILL NOT AWARE OF HOW IT'S CHANGED. AFTER ALL, IT'S FILLED WITH MANY MEMORIES. THERE'S BEEN A LOT OF MEDIA COVERAGE OF WHAT'S HAPPENED. I THINK YOU NEED A REAL LIVE VOICE. THINGS HAVE TO BE CONVEYED FROM THE SOURCE, SO TO SPEAK. IT'S HARD TO REMEMBER. IT'S HARD. BUT AFTER ALL, IT'S NECESSARY. I THINK IT'S NECESSARY. THERE ARE THINGS THAT ONLY PEOPLE WHO LIVE HERE CAN SAY. >> [speaking Japanese] >> IT'S EMPTY. THERE'S NOBODY. IT'S DIRTY AND DOESN'T HAVE THE LIFE THAT IT HAD. I WISH IT WOULD GO BACK TO THE WAY IT WAS. WHEN IT HAPPENED, I WAS HERE AT SCHOOL. THE NEXT DAY, I WENT TO WHERE MY HOUSE WAS, AND IT WAS GONE, IT WASHED AWAY IN THE TSUNAMI. I WAS SURPRISED, BECAUSE I REALIZED THAT THE HOUSE WITH SO MANY MEMORIES WAS GONE. MY NAME IS KANAKO. I'M 12 YEARS OLD, AND I WAS BORN IN KESENNUMA. NOW I'M LIVING IN THE KESENNUMA ELEMENTARY GYMNASIUM, AND I'VE BEEN LIVING HERE ABOUT THREE MONTHS. IN THE BEGINNING, IT WAS HARD, BECAUSE PEOPLE LOST THEIR HOUSES, AND THAT WAS SAD. EVERYONE IN THE SHELTER HAD KIND OF GLOOMY, GLUM FACES. WE DECIDED, "LET'S LIGHTEN THINGS UP, GUYS." WE THOUGHT IF WE COULD START THE FIGHT NEWSPAPER, WE CAN MAKE PEOPLE FEEL A LITTLE HAPPIER. SO WE ALL WROTE WHAT WE THOUGHT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT THE DAY, AND ALSO IT WAS A WAY TO SAY THANKS TO THE PEOPLE THAT WERE FEEDING US, COMING TO HELP US. SO THAT'S WHAT THE FIGHT MEANS. THE STAFF IS PRETTY INTERESTING, AND OUR NEW EDITOR, MY YOUNGER SISTER, SHE IS REALLY LIKE A LOUDMOUTH AND DOESN'T DO MUCH. PEOPLE LIKED THE FOUR-PANEL CARTOON THAT WE DREW. PEOPLE RESPONDED TO THAT WELL. THE DRAWINGS ARE REALLY BAD, BUT THE STORIES ARE GOOD. WATCHING THE PEOPLE READING IT, THEIR SMILES AND THEIR HAPPINESS MAKES ME HAPPY, AND THAT'S WHAT'S FUN. >> Ellerbee: FIGHTING SOMETHING YOU CAN SEE CAN MAKE YOU LESS AFRAID. BUT HOW DO YOU HANDLE FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN? THE FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI NUCLEAR POWER PLANT, ABOUT 150 MILES FROM TOKYO, WAS ALSO DAMAGED BY THE TSUNAMI, CAUSING RADIATION LEAKAGE AND WIDESPREAD FEAR. >> EVEN NOW, THE SITUATION AT THE POWER PLANT REMAINS SERIOUS. AND IT'S HARD TO REMEMBER THAT ONCE THE NUCLEAR REACTOR WAS SEEN AS A TECHNOLOGICAL FRIEND. >> WITH THE REACTOR, WE WERE ABLE TO CREATE ELECTRICITY AND HAVE A LIFE, SO I THOUGHT IT WAS GOOD. WE DIDN'T THINK IT WAS SCARY. >> WE HEAR PEOPLE TALK ABOUT FUKOSHIMA, HOW THE RADIATION'S LEAKING INTO THE OCEAN AND HOW IT'S AFFECTING THE FISHERMEN AND HOW YOU CAN'T EAT THE FISH UP THERE AND YOU CAN'T EAT THE VEGETABLES THAT COME FROM THERE. MY GRANDMOTHER TOLD ME THAT WE WERE GETTING RADIATION DOWN HERE IN CHIBA. WHAT IF IT GETS IN MY BODY? I DON'T KNOW WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN. >> MY DAD SAID, "DON'T DRINK THE CITY WATER. DON'T TOUCH THE CITY WATER." >> BECAUSE IT'S UNSEEN, I DON'T KNOW HOW MUCH DAMAGE IS BEING DONE TO MY BODY. WHEN I WAS IN THE SHELTER, I ALWAYS WORE A MASK. I TRIED TO STAY AWAY FROM THE LOW GROUND. >> ALL I KNOW IS THAT IF YOU GET OVEREXPOSED, YOU CAN GET CANCER. AND IF YOU GET TOO MUCH, YOU CAN DIE. >> I'M WORRIED ABOUT THE FUTURE AND THE EFFECTS. >> BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE HAPPENED, I THOUGHT ABOUT IT AS IT BEING FAR AWAY. BUT ONCE THE EARTHQUAKE HAPPENED AND WE HAD RADIATION, FUKUSHIMA SEEMS CLOSER, AND IT'S SCARY. >> [speaking Japanese] >> MY NAME IS NARUMI. I'M 14. I USED TO LIVE IN OKUMAMACHI. FROM MY HOUSE TO THE REACTOR, IT'S SEVEN KILOMETERS. MY FATHER WORKED AT THE NUMBER TWO REACTOR FOR TEPCO ENERGY. >> AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER, WE HAD A REACTOR IN OUR TOWN. I ALWAYS KNEW ABOUT RADIOACTIVITY, BUT I NEVER THOUGHT IN MY LIFETIME THAT SOMETHING LIKE THIS WOULD HAPPEN. MY NAME IS KIYOKO. I'M NURUMI'S MOTHER. >> WHEN THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI CAME, MY DAD WAS AT WORK. DAD CAME HOME, LOOKED ONCE AT EVERYONE'S FACE, AND MADE SURE EVERYONE WAS SAFE, AND WENT BACK TO WORK. SO I WAS VERY, VERY NERVOUS. THE NIGHT OF THE EARTHQUAKE WE SPENT AT HOME, BUT THE NEXT MORNING, WE WERE ORDERED TO EVACUATE. WE HAD 20 OR 30 MINUTES TO GET READY TO LEAVE. IT WAS GOING TO BE COLD, SO I PUT AS MANY CLOTHES AS I COULD AND THEN THOUGHT ABOUT GETTING EVERYONE ELSE'S THINGS. I THOUGHT, YOU KNOW, MAYBE TWO OR THREE HOURS. I PROBABLY WOULD BE BACK THAT NIGHT. I DIDN'T THINK IT WOULD BE THIS LONG. AT FIRST, WHEN WE WERE STAYING AT THE CIVIC CENTER, WE WERE TOLD TO STAY INDOORS. I WAS THINKING, "WHY DO I HAVE TO STAY INDOORS?" I DIDN'T KNOW THE REASON. WHEN I FOUND OUT REASON WHY WE ALL HAD TO STAY INSIDE, I WAS TALKING WITH FRIENDS KIND OF LIKE, "YEAH, IF YOU GET OVEREXPOSED, YOU'RE ONLY GOING TO LIVE FOR TEN MORE YEARS." AND WHEN I HEARD FROM MY SISTER THAT WHEN IT RAINS IT'S WAY MORE DANGEROUS, THAT'S WHEN I WAS LIKE, "THAT'S NOT GOOD, NOT GOOD." >> NOW WE'RE IN A MUCH FURTHER PLACE FROM THE REACTOR, LIVING HERE AIZUWAKAMATSU CITY. WE LIVE IN A JAPANESE-STYLE INN. MY FAMILY IS ALL TOGETHER. IN THE BEGINNING, THERE WERE 200 PEOPLE LIVING IN A GYM, SO, YEAH, IT'S BETTER HERE. BUT HAVING A HOUSE AND NOT BEING ABLE TO GO BACK TO IT, THE FACT THAT EVERYTHING IS THERE? I ALWAYS THINK, "I'VE GOT ALL THAT STUFF AT HOME, AND I CAN'T GET TO THAT NOW." AND THAT'S TOUGH. >> WE'RE ALL IN THE SAME BOAT. WE TRY TO SMILE AND BE KIND TO EACH OTHER. BUT THERE ARE SOME THINGS THAT ARE KIND OF INCONVENIENT. NOW I LIVE WITH MY MOM, MY GRANDMA, MY GRANDFATHER, AND MY OLDER SISTER. WHEN YOU LIVE WITH EVERYONE ELSE, YOU KIND OF PUT YOURSELF LAST. >> THE FACT IS, THE FUTURE IS UNCERTAIN. I DON'T KNOW WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN, WHEN THEY'RE GOING TO STOP THE NUCLEAR THING. >> I DON'T KNOW WHEN I CAN GO BACK HOME. >> WE HAVE AN EARTHQUAKE. WE HAVE A TSUNAMI. THE REACTOR GOES DOWN. I NEVER THOUGHT THAT WOULD HAPPEN IN ONE INSTANT, AND SO, YEAH, I WAKE UP AND I'M HERE. IS THIS REAL? IS THIS A DREAM? OH, YEAH, IT'S REAL. >> THE WAY MY LIFE WAS BEFORE WAS GOOD, BETTER. >> Ellerbee: WHAT IF YOU LIVED EVEN CLOSER TO THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT THAN NURUMI? WHAT IF YOU LIVED, SAY, ROUGHLY A FEW BLOCKS FROM THE REACTOR? WHAT IF YOU WERE TAKITO? >> [speaking Japanese] >> MOM AND DAD, BROTHER, SISTER, ME, GRANDPA AND GRANDMA AND GREAT GRANDMA, WE ALL LIVED TOGETHER IN THE SAME HOUSE. IT WAS A REALLY BIG HOUSE. MY NAME IS TAKITO. I'M 14 YEARS OLD. MY HOUSE IS LOCATED WITHIN THE THREE KILOMETERS OFF-LIMIT RADIUS, SO I CAN'T GO NEAR IT, CAN'T GO INSIDE, CAN'T GET ANYTHING. SO FOR A WHILE, I DON'T KNOW WHEN I CAN GO HOME. I HEARD THE ORDER TO EVACUATE ON THE RADIO. I PRETTY MUCH WENT WITH THE CLOTHES ON MY BACK AND WENT STRAIGHTAWAY TO THE SHELTER. I DIDN'T KNOW WHERE I WAS GOING TO BE GOING, AND I WAS TOLD THAT THE REACTORS ARE FINE. THE REACTORS ARE FINE. AT THE TIME, I WASN'T CONCERNED ABOUT RADIATION. BUT YOU GET TO NOW, AND IT'S A SHOCK TO ME. SINCE THE DAY OF THE EARTHQUAKE, I'VE MOVED ABOUT EIGHT DIFFERENT TIMES. WHAT WAS REALLY HARD, THE FACT THAT FOR TWO MONTHS SINCE THE EARTHQUAKE GOING FROM SHELTER TO SHELTER, BASICALLY, THE ONLY THING I HAD TO EAT WAS BREAD OR MAYBE TWO RICE BALLS EVERY DAY. NOW I'M LIVING IN AN APARTMENT. I'M GLAD THAT I'M HERE. WHEN I LOOK BACK AT IT, I THINK THE BEST THING IS THAT I WAS ABLE TO MOVE FROM FIVE DIFFERENT SHELTERS AND NOT RUN AWAY. WHAT MY DAD TOLD ME IS THAT WITHIN 50 YEARS, PRETTY MUCH ALL THE EFFECTS OF HAVING IRRADIATION WILL BE GONE. AND SO I HOPE THAT I CAN GO BACK TO MY HOUSE. I WANT TO GO HOME ONE MORE TIME. >> Ellerbee: NO MATTER HOW MANY YEARS PASS, JAPANESE KIDS WILL STILL CARRY WITH THEM THE MEMORIES OF WHAT HAPPENED WHEN THE TSUNAMI HIT AND THE MEMORIES OF HOW THEY REACTED WHEN DISASTER SHOWED UP ON THEIR DOORSTEP. >> [speaking Japanese] >> I COULD SEE THE WATER RISING AND RISING AND RISING. I'D OFTEN THOUGHT ABOUT WHAT A TSUNAMI WOULD DO TO OUR TOWN. I KIND OF THOUGHT, "WOW, IT'S HERE." IT'S COMING. MY NAME IS RIKU. I'M 13 YEARS OLD, AND I'M LIVING IN OFUNATO CITY. ALL THE PLACES THAT I WAS INTERESTED IN, THEY'RE ALL DAMAGED. WHAT I REALLY MISS IS THE FACT THAT THE TRAIN LINE USED TO RUN BY MY HOUSE. I USED TO WALK ALONG THE TRAIN LINE ALL THE TIME AND THINK ABOUT THINGS. IT WAS PART OF MY GOING SOMEWHERE. >> I SAW ALL OF THE DESTROYED BUILDINGS, AND I FELT, "HOW SHOULD WE FIX THIS DAMAGE?" I'M JOSHUA, AND I'M 13 YEARS OLD, AND I LIVE IN TOKYO. I'M IN THIS HOUSE RIGHT NOW THAT GOT RUINED, AND WE'RE CLEARING OUT THE MUD UNDER THE HOUSE. I MOVED HERE WITH ALL HANDS. >> IT'S REALLY AMAZING TO SEE WHAT THE GOVERNMENT IS DOING HERE, ESPECIALLY COMPARED TO OTHER PLACES I'VE BEEN LIKE HAITI OR INDONESIA WHERE THINGS MOVE A LITTLE SLOWER. BUT STILL, THERE ARE THINGS THAT WE CAN DO TO HELP THAT GO FASTER. MY NAME IS JESS VAN NESS, AND I'M A PROJECT COORDINATOR WITH ALL HANDS VOLUNTEERS WORKING IN OFUNATO, JAPAN. WE'RE DOING A LOT OF DEBRIS REMOVAL. SO WE'RE CLEARING PEOPLE'S HOUSES OUT, CLEARING CANALS TO GET COMMUNITIES BACK UP AND RUNNING AND TO GET PEOPLE BACK IN THEIR HOMES. WE REALLY WANTED TO GIVE PEOPLE AN OPPORTUNITY TO VOLUNTEER IN THEIR OWN COUNTRY FOR THEIR OWN COMMUNITY, BECAUSE THAT'S IMPORTANT FOR THEIR RECOVERY PROCESS. THEY'RE THE ONES THAT ARE GOING TO BE HERE AFTER WE LEAVE. >> A LOT OF THE PEOPLE GOING TO MY SCHOOL, THEY LOST THEIR HOUSES OR THEY LOST PEOPLE. I HAD THE FEELING THAT, "WOW, I REALLY NEED TO WORK HARD, DO SOMETHING." IT FEELS LIKE FIRST WE HAVE TO GET RID OF ALL THE DESTRUCTION. >> ONE BOY WAS RIDING AROUND ON HIS BICYCLE ONE DAY WITH A SHOVEL IN THE BASKET JUST LOOKING FOR SOMEONE TO HELP. AND HE STUMBLED UPON OUR GROUP AND ASKED IF HE COULD JOIN US AND THEN CAME EVERY DAY. >> FROM THE BEGINNING, I ALWAYS LIKED DOING CYCLING, WHICH MEANS PHYSICALLY DOING SOMETHING. >> A LOT OF THE PEOPLE THAT WE HELP ARE ELDERLY. THE AMOUNT OF DEBRIS IN THEIR HOMES AND THE AMOUNT OF DESTRUCTION IS JUST TOO MUCH FOR THEM TO DO ON THEIR OWN. >> THIS WORK RIGHT HERE I'M DOING IS HARD, BUT IF THE OWNER FEELS GOOD, THEN IT'S GOOD. EVERYTHING IS GOOD. I FEEL BETTER FOR HELPING OTHER PEOPLE. I THINK IF WE ALL HELP, WE CAN REBUILD THE DESTROYED BUILDINGS. >> THIS IS A DIFFICULT PLACE TO BE FOR ANYBODY, FOR ADULTS, FOR KIDS, FOR ANYBODY. BUT I THINK COMING IN AS A KID, YOU MIGHT TEND TO SEE SOME OF THE MORE POSITIVE THINGS THAT ARE GOING ON TOO. >> THE FACT THAT PEOPLE ARE COMING TO HELP OUT WITH THE DAMAGE REALLY MAKES ME HAPPY. AND BEING ABLE TO PHYSICALLY WORK WITH THEM AND DO IT TOGETHER IS ACTUALLY QUITE FUN. >> IT DEFINITELY FEELS LIKE THEY'RE ON THE ROAD TO RECOVERY. I THINK IF THERE'S ANY COUNTRY THAT CAN RECOVER QUICKLY FROM SOMETHING LIKE THIS, IT'S JAPAN. IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT THE RESOURCES. IT'S ABOUT THE ENERGY THAT PEOPLE BRING TO IT, THAT PRIDE OF GETTING THINGS DONE, AND WE'RE JUST HAPPY THAT WE CAN BE A PART OF THAT. >> IF YOU COMPLETELY GIVE UP, THEN THE PERCENTAGE OF SUCCESS HAS TO BE ZERO. IF YOU JUST SAY THAT YOU'RE GOING TO KEEP TRYING, THEN OBVIOUSLY THE PERCENTAGE IS MUCH BEYOND ZERO. THEREFORE, THE IMPORTANT THING IS TO SET CHALLENGES FOR YOURSELF. >> Ellerbee: AS THE KIDS OF NEW ORLEANS WERE CHANGED AFTER THE HURRICANE THAT FLOODED THEIR CITY IN 2005, AS THE KIDS OF HAITI WERE CHANGED WHEN AN EARTHQUAKE CRACKED OPEN THEIR ISLAND IN 2010, THE KIDS OF JAPAN ARE ALREADY, AND WILL CONTINUE TO BE, CHANGED BY WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THEIR COUNTRY. THEY HAVE SEEN THE FACE OF LOSS, OF TRAGEDY, OF DEVASTATION. NOW THEY'RE LEARNING WHAT IT MEANS TO REBUILD A TOWN OR A LIFE. AND THEY WORRY, WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT? AND THEY ARE KIDS. BUT AS YOU HAVE SEEN, THEY CARRY ON, THESE KIDS. THEY GO ON LIVING. AND WHEN THEY FEEL THE URGE, THEY LAUGH. THEIR WORLD MAY HAVE BEEN CHANGED, BUT THEY SEEM TO UNDERSTAND THAT CHANGE CAN BE A KIND OF HOPE, THAT TO ACCEPT AND SURVIVE GREAT CHANGE IS TO BELIEVE IN TOMORROW. I'M LINDA ELLERBEE. GOOD-BYE FOR NICK NEWS. Captioning by CaptionMax