♪♪ (young person speaking Spanish) (translated) I would like to have peace between the two countries. ♪♪ (girl speaking Spanish) I would tell the kids of the United States that Cuba is a good country. (girl 2 speaking Spanish) I feel really happy because I feel it's going to get better between the two countries. ♪♪ (boy speaking Spanish) I think there will be good changes in Cuba. ♪♪ We are so close. We should be having a better relationship. ♪♪ (music changes) (announcer) This is "Nick News" with Linda Ellerbee. ♪♪ Now here is Linda Ellerbee. The island country of Cuba is just 90 miles off the coast of the state of Florida. That is close. Which is tricky. Because officially, the U.S. is a capitalist society and officially, Cuba is a communist society, and so the two countries have been enemies for more than 50 years. But the world changes, and recently, President Obama and Cuban president Raul Castro have begun to work to find ways to bring the two countries closer together. What will it be like to be a kid in Cuba tomorrow? Begin with this. What's it like to be a kid in Cuba today? We went to Cuba to find out. ♪♪ (boy 3 speaking Spanish) I'm proud of being Cuban. (speaking Spanish) For me, Cuba is happiness, joy. It's everything. (speaking Spanish) The first thing that comes to my mind is patriotism and how Cuba helps other countries. (boy 4 speaking Spanish) What I like about being Cuban is that we could have any kind of problem and we come out of it with joy and music. Instead of staying home and being sad, we come out into the streets. (young person 2) Cuban people are always joyful people. They're always happy. (young person 3) Cuba is an underdeveloped country, but it's a free country. (girl 1) Here in Cuba, the schools, everything is free and all the kids have the same rights for everything. (boy 1) I like that I can have medicine above all and medical attention without having to pay for any costs. The best part about growing up here in Cuba is the sports. When I grow up, I want to be a great baseball player. (young person 4 speaking Spanish) What I like about Cuba is Cuban music. That is what makes me feel Cuban. (speaking Spanish) What I like the most about Cuba is its landscapes and its beaches. (young person 5 speaking Spanish) The most beautiful thing about Cuba is the dance. (young person 6) For me, the most beautiful part of Cuba is the people. ♪♪ (Ellerbee) But what are some of the things Cuban kids would change about their country if they could? ♪♪ (girl 3) Havana is a beautiful place. What I would change about Cuba, about Havana, its dirty places. I would like to have more clean places. Like my neighborhood. In every corner, I find a lot of garbage on the street and a lot of people don't understand that that's a bad thing. And that's why we have so many diseases in Havana. (speaking Spanish) The streets. They're in really bad shape. (engine revving) And there are some buildings that are in bad shape and need to be restored. (continues in Spanish) Above all, I would like for us to be able to travel to many more places and to travel to other countries that aren't my own as well. (girl 2 speaking Spanish) I would like to have the chance to go easily to the United States. (speaking Spanish) I think people living in the United States, their lives might be a little bit different, but I think I would like to stay here in Cuba. ♪♪ (Ellerbee) How did Cuba and the U.S. become enemies in the first place? Cuba was run by a dictator supported by the United States until 1959, when Cuban rebels led by Fidel Castro overthrew that dictator, promising freedom and equality for all. The rebels also took over all businesses in Cuba owned by companies in the U.S. Castro then had a choice between negotiating a new alliance with the United States or joining with the communist-run Soviet Union, America's most powerful enemy. Castro chose the Soviet Union and communism, a system that aims to replace private property with public ownership. The U.S. retaliated by shutting off diplomatic relations with a communist Cuba and enacting an embargo, which meant it was illegal for U.S. companies to do business with Cuba or for individual Americans to spend money in Cuba or even to visit there. From that point, a wall existed between the two countries, a wall much bigger than the 90 miles of water that separates them. Until now. ♪♪ (girl 1 speaking Spanish) My reaction now that Cuba can have a relationship with the United States, it was something like, "Yay, finally." (girl 3 speaking Spanish) The embargo has been affecting us a lot. The embargo makes it hard to buy food or medicine, the necessities we need. (girl 4 speaking Spanish) We don't live in the same way. We don't have the same things. (speaking Spanish) Maybe they get to live in big houses, beautiful houses, and we don't get to live in these kind of houses. (continues in Spanish) I think if the people in the United States change their opinion about Cuba and they change the embargo, maybe the relationship can get better. (young person 7 speaking Spanish) I think things are going to change pretty soon. I think tourists are coming to Cuba now. I think we are going to improve our economy. (boy 5 speaking Spanish) I would like for the relationship to get better because both countries would benefit, not only economically, but also culturally. ♪♪ (class speaking Spanish) (boy 8 speaking Spanish) I like to study and study. I want to study to be a lawyer to defend others' human rights for a fair cause. Last year, I got hundreds on every subject in school. (class singing) I really like school and participate in the different tournaments and contests we have in school and I'm always getting awards. (teacher speaking Spanish, boy 8 continues in Spanish) I used to play baseball at school, then I changed to play handball, which is what I'm doing right now. I like this sport more. (boys chant, clap) It is important for every school to have sports because it forces you to always be active and not gain too much weight. ♪♪ (continues in Spanish) My favorite part of the day is when I come home and see my brother and my mom waiting there for me. (continues in Spanish) My house is big, with three floors. It has a patio and a terrace. And what I like most about it is my room. It is the cleanest one of all the rooms. I have two rats. One is named Sabrina and the other is Stewart. I have a turtle. I have two dogs. My brother, he's good with me, always helping me with classes, and if not , he lets me play anything with him. ♪♪ One of the most beautiful things about Cuba is the Museum of the Revolution. The Revolution is what occurred on January 1, 1959, called the Triumphant Revolution, where we gained freedom thanks to Fidel and Raul Castro with Che and others. They created history and will remain in the hearts of the Cuban people. (continues in Spanish) Socialism is something where you help others the way Cuba does with other countries. For instance, we're sending Cuban doctors to fight Ebola, a global sickness. It is an epidemic and we have to destroy it. (continues in Spanish) When I think of Cuba, I think of liberty, peace and tranquility in the world and hope that Cuba and the United States keep a friendly relationship. The relationship can get better with time. The relationship depends on if they compromise. (singing in Spanish) (speaking Spanish) When I sing, I feel happy and content. (continues singing) (speaking Spanish) I like music very much. What I like to listen to the most is opera. Music lets me express my feelings because with it, I can make a person fall in love with me. My girlfriend is named Dalia and we have been together four months. We live in the same neighborhood. (Dalia speaking Spanish) Marcos is a really joyful person. He's always happy. He's always taking care of his friends. I wouldn't change a thing about Marcos. (speaking Spanish) What I like about my neighborhood is that I get along with all of my neighbors. I have lived there since I was born and every time I rehearse, they tell me how well I sing. They motivate me to move forward and they support me always. ♪♪ I am proud of living in a united country, a place where everyone helps each other. (continues in Spanish) In my opinion, socialism is a community where we share however we can, where we all have the same rights, the same responsibilities and where we take on the same tasks regardless of our rankings. ♪♪ I am part of the Communist Youth Union. Being part of the Communist Youth Union means that when we reach adulthood, we can become part of the government. I feel like a student who is recognized, because you have to be a student who fulfills all of his responsibilities and that knows and recognizes when something is wrong and who fights against what is wrong. ♪♪ (continues in Spanish) Of Cuba's future, I think we have to better ourselves more, but we are doing so a little bit at a time, by all that our government is doing to help. (continues in Spanish) I would like to have a little bit more access to the Internet, because I would like to have access to information, like information about jobs or music. I could look up history. Also to be informed about everything that's happening in the world. But I think that to be in front of a computer the entire day could be damaging. (continues in Spanish) It's also a good idea to practice sports, to sing, to listen to music, to go to a museum, because those things make you open up your mind to society and to the world you live in. (continues in Spanish) In the future, first I would like to go to college. I would like to focus on communication or journalism and also music. I don't have to be too famous. I just want people to know me and know what it is I do. I would like to do it here in Cuba because of Cuba's roots in the music that I love. (ends song on a high note) (Ellerbee) Cuba's art is everywhere and, it seems, by everyone, including the art of creating new ways of helping one another and new concepts, like the art of recycling. ♪♪ I think art is part of the Cuban people and part of how we live in Cuba. I think that when people paint the murals on the walls, it is because they like to express themselves. They like to make the city beautiful. I am in the community project Granma. It is a community project for kids. We come here to make figures out of papier-mâché and to paint as well. I come here because I like to express what I'm thinking. ♪♪ (speaking Spanish) One day, I took a table, placed it outside my house on the street, and suddenly, three kids came to me asking for some help for some homework for school. Then three more came. Then, after three months, I had 13 to 15 kids here. ♪♪ (continues in Spanish) My name is Lazaro. I live in central Havana. This is my house and this is recycling with art and news. (continues in Spanish) The project has been going on for four years. The kids, they come here, they interact with other kids and they get educated, and they learn how to recycle, which is my work, and what my efforts are all about. (continues in Spanish) They feel like this is their home, like they're in a garden for kids in a park. This is not about telling them what's right or wrong. This is all about freedom. It's all about creation. Art. (Ellerbee) Cuban kids seem happy in general. They have a good school system, a vibrant culture and a strong family structure at the center of their lives. (speaking Spanish) The first thing that comes to mind when I hear people talk of Cuba is a mother that saw me born and saw me grow. It is where I learned it all, where I grew up as a person. ♪♪ (girl 5 speaking Spanish) The Cuban family plays an important role. They like to help each other and they love socializing. I love my family. They always want what's best for me. (speaking Spanish) In the future, it's what they're going to remember. (continues in Spanish) I feel really proud when I see my kids and my family together on the weekends, and I get to cook breakfast for them. This is one of the things that make me forget about the limitations we have. (boy 4 speaking Spanish) We are not a very developed country, and this limits us. Some problems that I see in Cuba that I wish could be changed would be the salary of some jobs. Also, there are some living spaces in Havana that are in bad shape and could be fixed. (man) One of the things that should be changed in Cuba would be the possibility to trade with countries that are closer to the island. Right now, most of the products get imported from Europe and China and that makes the products have higher prices. It would be easier for us to have access to different products and lower prices if Cuba had the possibility to trade with the United States. ♪♪ (boy 4) I would love for this problem to be resolved. I would like to think of that country as a friend. (man speaking Spanish) The announcement was surprising when Barack Obama and Raul Castro told us the news. It wasn't just the news of the year, but maybe the whole lifetime for the Cuban people, so I would like to recognize the bravery of Barack Obama and Raul Castro for bringing these two nations together. ♪♪ (boy 4) When I hear people talk about the United States, I think of big buildings and technology. (girl 5) I would like to visit New York City because I've heard it's a beautiful place. (boy 4) I think it would be difficult to get visas to go to the United States. The relationship with the United States still has not been fixed. (girl 5 speaking Spanish) I think I wouldn't change a thing about the Cuban government's role, because they've always been teaching us how to keep our minds to Cuban history and how to be faithful to the Cuban roots. (all chanting) (boy 4 speaking Spanish) To me, socialism is defined as, to all and for the good of all. It is everyone being happy with what they have. It means to find a way where we are all equal, or something like that. (speaking Spanish) I think the life of an American kid my age would be different because maybe they have different possibilities. I'm talking about the economy, so I think that would be a little different from the life we have. I think that if the relationship between the two countries gets better, I think we'll have different possibilities in the future here. (man) I would like to see all these new changes in Cuba, but I wouldn't like to see the achievements of the revolution thrown away. Because of education for free, a healthcare system for free, the way the Cuban family lives all together, those are achievements that we must preserve. ♪♪ (girl 2 speaking Spanish) I would like American kids to come to Cuba so that way I can meet them and learn about their lives. (girl 4) I would like to ask an American girl how they live, how are the schools over there? What do they do? What would they like to do when they get older? (speaking Spanish) What would he like to change about this country and what makes him happy there? (girl 1 speaking Spanish) They can see our culture, the way we live, and they can see that a lot of the things that they are told about our country aren't true. (speaking Spanish) When he's about to leave, I would see his face to see how he liked his time in Cuba. (speaking Spanish) Then I would like him to take me to his country and see if it's the same. (boy 3 speaking Spanish) I think all kids are the same. It doesn't matter where you come from or who you are. What's only important is friendship and the values that you have. ♪♪ (speaking Spanish) I want for us to be friends. In this show, we have had glimpses into the lives of some of Cuba's kids, but that is all. Glimpses. We do not know them. We do not know what choices they will make tomorrow. But their world, their lives, are going to change. And the thing to remember is that whatever happens between our two countries is not going to happen overnight. I'm Linda Ellerbee. Good-bye for Nick News. ♪♪ (men singing in Spanish) ♪♪ (men singing in Spanish) ♪♪ >> CHARLOTTE IS SO COMPETITIVE. >> SHE TRIES TO BOSS ME AROUND. >> MY BROTHER IS ALWAYS TAKING MY STUFF. >> HE TOOK MY FAVORITE SHOES. >> I'M GONNA TELL DAD ON YOU. >> I WAS PROBABLY A LITTLE BIT MORE OF THE SNITCH. >> HE'LL JUST, LIKE, SIT ON TOP OF ME. >> HE'S STANDING THERE MOONING ME. >> MY FRIENDS WERE LIKE... >> HE'S JUST REALLY ANNOYING. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. "IF ONLY I WERE AN ONLY CHILD: THE TOP TEN ANNOYING THINGS MY SIBLINGS DO." NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: GRINDING YOUR GEARS, RUFFLING YOUR FEATHERS, WHATEVER YOU CALL IT-- THE ART OF ANNOYING IS ALIVE AND WELL, AND YOUR SIBLINGS HAVE MASTERED THIS ART. SO WHEN THE ANNOYED GET STEAMED, THEY START TO VENT. AND, WOW, DO YOU HAVE SOME TALES TO TELL. WE ASKED AND YOU OPENED UP ABOUT THE VARIOUS WAYS YOUR SIBLINGS MAKE YOU CRAZY. THEN YOU RANKED THE CATEGORIES. HERE NOW, KIDS AND SOME FAMOUS FORMER KIDS GET THEIR RANT TIME AS WE COUNT DOWN THE TOP TEN ANNOYING THINGS YOUR SIBLINGS DO. >> I THINK THAT EVEN SHE WILL ADMIT THAT SHE DOES NOT SHARE ANYTHING--LIKE, NOTHING. >> AND DO YOU WANT TO KNOW WHY? I DON'T SHARE MY CLOTHING WITH YOU BECAUSE EVERY TIME I DO, IT EITHER GETS, LIKE, A HOLE IN IT OR IT GETS A STAIN ON IT. AND THAT'S WHY I DON'T SHARE MY STUFF WITH HER. >> MY SISTER DOESN'T SHARE THE BATHROOM WITH ME WHEN I REALLY NEED TO GO PEE. >> YOU'RE CONSTANTLY ON THE COMPUTER, AND THEN WHEN I-- >> THAT'S NOT MY FAULT. >> WHEN I ASK TO GET ON, YOU LET ME ON FOR, LIKE, 30 MINUTES, AND THEN YOU GET BACK ON FOR HOURS. >> HE'LL PUT SOME SPORTS CHANNEL, LIKE ESPN, AND I'LL BE LIKE, "I WAS JUST WATCHING TV. WHY DON'T YOU GO DOWNSTAIRS?" AND HE'S LIKE, "WHY DON'T YOU GO DOWNSTAIRS?" >> THE REMOTE CONTROL WAS SUCH A--WAS SUCH A, UM-- AN OBJECT OF--OF JUST, LIKE, BRUTAL WARS BETWEEN US. AND WE'D GET INTO-- IT WOULD STAR OFF YELLING, THEN IT WOULD GET PHYSICAL, AND WE'D WRESTLE, 'CAUSE BACK THEN YOU ONLY HAD, LIKE, ONE REMOTE CONTROL. >> JUST YESTERDAY, MY SISTER HAD, LIKE, A BAG OF CANDY, AND IT WAS A BIG BAG OF CANDY, SO I ASKED, "COULD I HAVE SOME?" SO SHE REACHED IN THERE AND PULLED OUT THE SMALLEST PIECE SHE COULD FIND--ONE PIECE OF CANDY--AND GAVE IT TO ME. >> I CAN SHARE WITH PEOPLE THAT AREN'T HIM. >> EVERYTHING IN MY ROOM IS MINE. >> NO, IT'S MINE. REMEMBER, DAD SAID, "SHARE." >> YOU DON'T SHARE. >> SO WHAT? IT'S MY STUFF. >> EXACTLY! >> CHARLOTTE IS SO COMPETITIVE. I MEAN, IF I GET A GOOD GRADE, AND THEN EVERYBODY'S SAYING, "CONGRATULATIONS, ANNA," THEN SHE'S LIKE, "WHAT ABOUT ME?" >> I'M BETTER THAN YOU AT SOCCER. >> NO, YOU'RE NOT. >> I'M FASTER THAN YOU. >> NO, YOU'RE NOT. >> EVERY TIME WE RACE, YOU MIGHT BEAT ME, BUT I'M QUICKER. >> WHEN WE PLAY BASKETBALL AT MY HOUSE, HE'LL CALL A FOUL ON ME WHEN THERE'S NO FOUL AT ALL. >> I GREW UP A PITTSBURGH STEELER FAN. MY LITTLE BROTHER GREW UP A DALLAS COWBOY FAN. AND I WAS A DODGERS FAN, AND HE WAS AN OAKLAND "A" FAN. SO THE DODGERS PLAYED THE "A"s WHEN WE WERE KIDS IN THE WORLD SERIES, AND THE STEELERS PLAYED THE COWBOYS IN THE SUPER BOWL. AND ON BOTH OCCASIONS WE HAD KNOCK-DOWN, DRAG-OUT FIGHTS. IN FACT, I HAVE A LITTLE SCAR ON ONE OF MY EYEBROWS HERE. >> WE WENT OUTSIDE TO PLAY MONOPOLY, LIKE, ON THIS LITTLE PICNIC BENCH THING THAT WE HAVE, AND I WON BY A LOT, AND SO HE JUST, LIKE, SLAMS THE ENTIRE THING OVER, AND ALL THE MONEY'S, LIKE, FLYING AROUND, 'CAUSE IT'S WINDY. AND THEN HE'S LIKE, "I DON'T WANT TO PLAY ANYMORE." >> MY BROTHER WENT AND TOOK THIS I.Q. TEST WHEN HE WAS REALLY YOUNG, AND HE SCORED 149. A COUPLE DAYS LATER, I WENT AND I TOOK THE I.Q. TEST, AND I SCORED 150. AND SO MY BROTHER, NOT TO BE OUTDONE--HE WANTED TO BE ON TOP, SO HE WENT AND TOOK THE I.Q. TEST AGAIN, AND HE GOT 151. SO I'M THINKING ABOUT GOING BACK AND MAYBE SCORING 152. >> MY SISTER, SHE'S JUST PERFECT IN EVERY SINGLE WAY PRETTY MUCH, TAKING FOUR HONORS CLASSES AND DOING NINE DIFFERENT AFTER-SCHOOL ACTIVITIES. IT REALLY ANNOYS ME. >> I'M IN, LIKE, ACCELERATED MATH AND ACCELERATED LANGUAGE ARTS, AND SHE IS NOT. >> YOU KNOW, THERE'S ALWAYS A LITTLE RIVALRY OR COMPETITION. WHO WANTS TO DO THE BEST IN SCHOOL OR WHO WANTS TO BE MOM'S FAVORITE? UNFORTUNATELY, I WIN. I WAS ALWAYS MOM'S FAVORITE. >> I WOULD SAY WE WERE MOST COMPETITIVE OVER OUR MOTHER'S AFFECTIONS. AND SO, LIKE, HER BIRTHDAY WILL COME UP, AND I'LL ASK HIM WHAT HE'S GETTING HER, AND HE'LL SAY HE'S GETTING HER FLOWERS, SO I'LL ALSO GET HER FLOWERS, BUT THEN I'LL FIND OUT THAT HE GOT HER, LIKE, AN IPAD. SO, LIKE, HE TRICKS ME INTO GETTING A LESSER GIFT. >> MY LITTLE SISTER, SHE WANTS LONG HAIR JUST LIKE ME. SHE'LL WANT TO WEAR MAKEUP WHEN I WEAR MAKEUP. MY SISTER'S LIKE, "AW, KELLY, ISN'T THIS SO SWEET? YOU HAVE A LITTLE MINI ME." I'M LIKE, "BUT I DON'T WANT A MINI ME." >> MY SISTER, SIDNEY, WILL BE LIKE, "GUESS WHAT I'M WEARING." AND THEN I'LL TURN AROUND AND I'LL SEE HER WEARING THE EXACT SAME OUTFIT AS ME. >> MY BROTHER, LIKE, DID-- LIKE, I WISH HE COPIED ME. INSTEAD, HE DID EVERYTHING I DID BETTER. >> I WAS THE ONE WHO COPIED MY BROTHER. WHATEVER HE WAS INTO, THAT'S WHAT I WAS TRYING TO DO, AND THAT'S WHY I STARTED SKATING. I THINK HE MIGHT'VE BEEN ANNOYED WITH ME WHEN I STARTED GETTING BETTER THAN HIM. >> WHEN I START TO LIKE A CERTAIN BAND THAT HE LIKES, SUDDENLY HE HATES THAT BAND AND PRETENDS THAT HE'S NEVER LISTENED TO IT. >> THE YOUNGER ONES, THEY THINK IT'S KIND OF FUNNY TO MIMIC YOU IN FRONT OF EVERYBODY. >> I WENT TO SCHOOL. I CAME BACK. AND SHE JUST COPIED ME THE WHOLE DAY. >> I SAID, "YASMIN, CAN YOU PLEASE LEAVE ME ALONE?" AND SHE GOES, "YASMIN, CAN YOU PLEASE LEAVE ME ALONE?" >> I SAID, "I'M NOT JOKING." SHE GOES, "I'M NOT JOKING." >> both: SO, UM... I'LL BE TALKING, AND HE TALKS JUST LIKE THIS. AND YOU'RE REALLY ANNOYING. [both laugh] YOU SEE? [both laugh] >> SHE ALWAYS PICKED ON ME. >> HE PICKED ON ME ALL THE TIME. >> YEAH. >> YEAH. >> ALL THE TIME. >> ALL THE TIME. >> ALL THE TIME. >> SO HE PICKS ON ME A LOT. HE GIVES ME A LOT OF BRUISES TOO. HE LIKES TO PUNCH ME. >> YOU START PUNCHING ME FOR SOME REASON. >> IT'S MY JOB. >> I FELL ASLEEP ON THE COUCH, AND SHE GOT ALL HER MAKEUP AND PAINTED ME. SHE CUT OFF SOME OF MY HAIR TOO. >> MY SISTER AND I, BOTH OF US REALLY LIKED TO SING AS KIDS. AND OUR FAVORITE WAS THE LITTLE MERMAID. AND I WAS ALWAYS LIKE, "I AM ARIEL, AND YOU'RE URSULA." AND SHE WOULD GET SO ANGRY THAT I WANTED TO BE ARIEL EVERY TIME, AND SHE HAD TO BE UGLY, FAT, LIKE, URSULA, THE, YOU KNOW, SCARY OCTOPUS LADY. >> HE GIVES ME DEAD LEGS IN BOTH OF MY LEGS, SO I CAN'T FEEL. >> WHEN I DO PICK ON HER, I MAKE SURE THAT IT'S NEVER ABOUT HER PHYSICAL APPEARANCE. I'VE ALWAYS BEEN VERY CONSCIOUS OF THAT. >> OH, THANKS. YOU'RE SO CONSIDERATE. >> I HAD, LIKE, TWISTS WHEN I WAS YOUNGER: BRAIDS, AFROS, PONYTAILS. AND MY SISTERS WOULD MAKE FUN OF ME AND MY BROTHER BECAUSE OUR HAIR WAS, LIKE, LONGER THAN THEIRS. >> MY BIG SISTERS, THEY STILL TREAT ME LIKE I'M THREE. >> HE SEES ME AS THE LITTLER ONE, THE ONE THAT HE CAN PUSH AROUND, AND THERE WAS ONE TIME WHERE HE PUSHED ME, LIKE, AND HE KNOCKED ME TO THE GROUND. >> AND THEN HE BENDS MY PINKIE ALL THE WAY BACK. >> I REMEMBER ONE TIME MY MOM WAS IN THE KITCHEN, AND I LOOKED TO THE LAUNDRY ROOM, AND HE'S STANDING THERE MOONING ME. AND I STARTED CRYING. AND MY MOM IS LOOKING AT ME IN THE HALLWAY CRYING-- "WHAT'S WRONG WITH YOU? WHAT'S WRONG?" "STEVE IS DOING THE..." [mumbling] AND BY THE TIME THAT SHE FIGURES OUT ANYTHING'S WRONG, HE'S GOT HIS PANTS UP AND HE'S WALKING OUT, LIKE, "I DIDN'T DO ANYTHING." [chuckles] >> HE LIKES TO TAKE MY CLOTHES. >> I "BORROW" THEM. >> AND THEN PUT THEM IN YOUR ROOM. >> MY BROTHER IS ALWAYS TAKING MY STUFF, WHETHER HE THINKS IT'S COOL OR IF HE THINKS IT'S VALUABLE AND HE WANTS TO SECRETLY SELL IT WITHOUT ME KNOWING. >> MY SISTER--THEY CAN JUST, LIKE, TAKE MY LIP GLOSS OR MY PERFUME AND SHE'LL SPRAY IT AS MUCH AS SHE CAN BEFORE I CAN COME BACK. >> HE TAKES MY PHONE ALL THE TIME, AND HE KNOWS MY PASSWORD, SO HE'LL, LIKE, GO IN IT AND, LIKE, LOOK THROUGH MY TEXTS AND JUST, LIKE, PLAY ALL MY GAMES AND ANSWER MY PHONE. >> I--I SWEAR I'VE ONLY DONE THAT ONCE. >> SHE SAYS, "SO, ARCHIE, WHO'S THIS GUY?" AND I SAY, "WHAT GUY?" AND SHE SAYS, "OH, I DON'T KNOW. THE GUY IN YOUR DIARY." >> I TOOK HER KEY AND OPENED THE LOCK AND READ HER SECRETS. >> SOMETIMES I CATCH HER TAKING SOME OF MY MONEY. >> I DON'T TAKE YOUR MONEY. >> YEAH, YOU DID. >> I DON'T TAKE YOUR MONEY. >> SAM--SAM, YOU TAKE MY MONEY-- >> I TOOK YOUR MONEY ONCE. >> I'VE TAKEN A BITE OF EVERY SANDWICH MY BROTHER'S EVER MADE. LIKE, WE CALL IT THE SANDWICH TAX. SO, LIKE, HE'LL MAKE A SANDWICH AND SIT DOWN, AND, LIKE, BEFORE HE CAN EVEN, LIKE, PICK IT UP, I'VE ALREADY LEANED OVER AND TAKEN A BITE OF IT. >> YOU TAKE, LIKE, MY GOOD CLOTHES. HE TAKES IT WITHOUT PERMISSION. HE SHOULD ASK FIRST. >> THERE WAS A CUT RIGHT HERE, LIKE, A V-NECK CUT IN IT, AND, LIKE, THE SIDES WERE CUT ALSO, AND I'M LIKE, "TEAGAN, WHAT DID YOU DO WITH MY SHIRT?" >> I REMEMBER I HAD MY FAVORITE SHOES. I WAS, LIKE, A LITTLE EIGHT-YEAR-OLD KID, AND MY OTHER BROTHER WAS SIX AT THE TIME. AND HE TOOK MY FAVORITE SHOES. AND I HAD THIS GIRL THAT I LIKED AT SCHOOL, AND I WAS SO PUMPED UP TO WEAR THESE SHOES. I WAS GONNA SEE HER IN MY ENGLISH CLASS, AND I HAD TO WEAR MY ALL-BLACK REGULAR SHOES. SO THANK YOU, LITTLE BIG BROTHER, FOR ALWAYS TAKING MY SHOES THAT'S NOT YOURS. [laughs] >> GROWING UP, I LOVED PLAYING WITH G.I. JOES, AND I HAD THEM ALL IN MY ROOM. AND I HAD THIS BIG, LIKE, AIRCRAFT CARRIER, AND IT WAS, LIKE SIX FOOT LONG. I'LL NEVER FORGET IT. AND I WAS A LITTLE OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE AS A CHILD, SO, LIKE, EVERYTHING ALWAYS HAD TO BE A CERTAIN WAY. AND THEY WOULD COME AND, LIKE, KNOCK THEM OVER AND RUIN THEM. >> WE'LL BE TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING IN THE CAR ON THE WAY TO SOMEWHERE, AND SHE'LL JUST START ASKING A MILLION QUESTIONS, JUST ONE AFTER ANOTHER AND FORCE ME TO ANSWER THEM. >> SO I HAVE THIS MASK... >> HE'LL SNEAK UP BEHIND ME AND SCARE ME WITH IT. HE'LL DO IT CONSTANTLY, AND IT GETS ME EVERY TIME. [screams] >> IT'S SO EASY. >> HE'LL BE DOING SOMETHING, AND I'M WALKING BY, AND HE'LL JUST STICK HIS FOOT OUT AND TRIP ME. >> WE HAD A POOL, AND I USED TO LOVE TO THROW HER IN IT, ESPECIALLY AFTER SHE GOT READY. SHE HATED THAT. I REMEMBER IN HER QUINCEAÑERA, SHE GOT ALL READY, AND SHE WAS ALL MADE UP--AND THAT WAS ONE THING. AND I GOT HER AND I THREW HER IN THE POOL. >> WE DID A SHOW--I THINK WE STARTED IN 1975, WASN'T IT? I'M RIGHT. IT'S CALLED THE DONNY AND MARIE SHOW, AND I REMEMBER DOING ONE THING TO YOU ONSTAGE. THERE'S A PITCH CHANGER THING THAT I HAD. >> OH. >> AND SHE STARTED SINGING, AND I JUST VARIED THE PITCH A LITTLE BIT SO SHE WAS, LIKE, FLAT THE WHOLE TIME. OUT IN THE AUDIENCE, IT'S LIKE, "SHE CAN'T SING." >> YEAH, I USED TO TAKE MY MICROPHONE, AND EVERY TIME YOU'D TRY TO SING A SONG, I'D STICK THE MICROPHONE IN THE TOILET AND KEEP FLUSHING IT. >> FLUSHING IT. >> SO ALL WE'D HEAR IS THE TOILET FLUSHING. >> SO I'D SING, ♪AND THEY CALLED IT ♪ [making flushing sounds] >> I DON'T HAVE A LOCK ON MY DOOR, SO SHE LIKES TO COME IN, AND SO-- >> I KNOCK SOMETIMES...MOSTLY. >> NOT REALLY. >> MAYBE. >> together: NOT REALLY. >> MY BROTHER WILL COME IN, AND WHATEVER I'M DOING HE'LL TRY TO MESS UP, SO HE'LL, LIKE, DELETE SOMETHING OFF MY--MY COMPUTER. >> SOMETIMES IF SHE'S JUMPING ON THE COUCH, FOR INSTANCE, AND SHE ISN'T SUPPOSED TO, AND I'M SITTING ON THE COUCH, AND I'M TRYING TO WRITE SOMETHING-- >> HEY, THAT DOES NOT COUNT. >> AND SHE JUMPS UP AND DOWN. I SAY, "CHARLOTTE, STOP." AND THEN-- >> YEAH. >> NO! JUMP, JUMP, JUMP. >> I HAVE A FRIEND WHO'S A BOY, WHICH SHE BUGS ME ABOUT, AND SO SOMETIMES I'LL BE, LIKE, VIDEO CHATTING WITH HIM, AND SHE'LL, LIKE, COME IN AND BE LIKE, "HI! HI! HI!" >> AND YOU'LL BE LIKE, "ERIK, ERIK, ERIK." AND I'LL BE LIKE, "WHAT?" AND SHE'LL BE LIKE, "HI." >> OH, YEAH. HE'S ANNOYING. >> YOU'RE MORE ANNOYING. >> THAT'S ANOTHER ANNOYING THING YOU DO. YOU DO THIS SASSY GIRL THING. LIKE THAT. EXACTLY. >> BUDDY, YOU GOT TO GO TAKE YOUR SHOWER. DID YOU BRUSH YOUR TEETH? YOU KNOW, DID YOU DO THIS? DID YOU DO THAT? >> CAN YOU MAKE ME THIS? CAN YOU MAKE ME THAT? >> MAKE ME CEREAL. GET ME SOME OREOS. >> CLEAN UP THE ROOM. >> GET ME SOME SODA. BRING ME MY DINNER. >> GO TO SLEEP. >> IF HE DOESN'T FEEL LIKE FEEDING THE CAT OR CLEANING ITS LITTER BOX, HE MAKES ME DO IT. >> HE'S LAYING ON THE COUCH, LIKE, "I'M SO TIRED! APRIL, CAN YOU PLEASE GET ME A GLASS OF WATER?" >> SHE'S ALWAYS BOSSING ME AROUND. >> WHAT? >> YES! >> YOU'RE ALWAYS BOSSING ME AROUND. >> OH, REALLY? >> YEAH. >> MM-HMM? >> YEAH. >> MM-HMM? >> MY SISTER AND BROTHER COULDN'T BOSS ME AROUND. I--I HAD THE, UH-- I HAD THE LEAD ON THAT. >> HE THINKS HE'S SECOND IN CHARGE RIGHT UNDER MY MOM. >> SHE WANTS TO BE THE OTHER MOM. >> I'M ON THE COMPUTER, AND SHE GOES, "OKAY, I'M GONNA SET THE TIMER FOR 20 MINUTES, AND WHEN THAT 20 MINUTES IS OVER, I WANT YOU OFF." >> YOU'VE HAD ENOUGH TV. DO YOUR HOMEWORK. >> YOU KNOW, YOU NEED TO START BEHAVING. IT'S NOT GOOD. >> SHE DOES THE SAME THING. >> WHO'S BOSSIER OUT OF THE TWO OF US? ME. >> YOU. >> HONESTLY, I DO DO THE BOSSING AROUND THING BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, OLDER BROTHERS TEND TO DO THAT. >> YOU DO DUMB THINGS. >> I DON'T DO DUMB THINGS. >> IT'S MY JOB AS HER OLDER SISTER TO MAKE SURE THAT SHE DOESN'T DO DUMB THINGS. IT'S OUT OF LOVE. >> UNLESS SHE HAS A COLLEGE DEGREE, I WILL NEVER LISTEN TO YOU, EVER. EVER, EVER. >> HAVING A LOT OF BROTHERS AND SISTERS IN YOUR FAMILY, THE BLAME GAME IS, LIKE, AT THE TOP OF THE LIST. >> MY BROTHER WOULD TAKE MONEY OUT OF MY MOM'S WALLET AND THEN BLAME IT ON ME, WHETHER IT'S $5, $10, $20. DOESN'T REALLY MATTER TO HIM, 'CAUSE HE'S NOT GONNA BE THE ONE PAYING HER BACK. >> ONE TIME, WE WERE KICKING THE SOCCER BALL IN THE HOUSE, AND I KICKED IT, AND I BROKE A VASE IN OUR HOUSE. AND I BLAMED IT ON KYLE. >> A LOT OF THE TIME MY BROTHER PRETENDS LIKE I DO SOMETHING, LIKE I HIT HIM, BUT HE JUST HITS HIMSELF, AND THEN SCREAMS, "TARA HIT ME!" >> SO HE GOES LIKE... "OW! APRIL JUST HIT ME!" AND THEN HE KEEPS ON DOING THAT, AND THEN I GET SENT TO MY ROOM FOR NO APPARENT REASON. >> SHE, LIKE, TRIPS OVER SOMETHING. SHE--AND MY MOM'S WALKING BY-- SHE'LL JUST SAY, "MOM, HE PUSHED ME." >> NO. IT'S BECAUSE HE ACTUALLY DOES TRIP ME. >> ONE TIME, THE BACK OF THE TV REMOTES, LIKE, GOT LOST, AND EVERYBODY ASSUMED IT WAS ME BECAUSE USUALLY I TAKE THE BATTERIES OUT OF THE TV REMOTES TO PUT THEM INTO MY GAME CONTROLLERS, BUT I-- BUT I ALWAYS PUT THEM BACK. AND THEN SHE RUNS TO MOM, LIKE, "I KNOW WHO DID IT. I KNOW WHO DID IT." >> ME AND MY FRIENDS, WE ARE WALKING, PLAYING BASKETBALL, WHEN SHE WALKED IN, AND SHE SAID, "OH, MY HONEY-BOO, MY BABY." AND ALL--EVERY--THE WHOLE DAY, EVERY OF MY FRIENDS KEPT ON SAYING, "OOH, YOU'RE HER BABY." >> MY LITTLE HONEY-BOO. >> UH-- DUDE, DON'T. >> MY SISTER LOVED TO EMBARRASS ME IN FRONT OF MY FRIENDS. >> both: NEVER. >> UH-HUH, NEVER. >> NEVER, NEVER. >> HE'LL COME UP TO MY LUNCH TABLE, AND HE'LL JUST, LIKE, SIT ON TOP OF ME, AND SAY, "HEY, GIRLIE, HOW YOU DOING?" >> WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I USED TO LIKE TO RUN AROUND THE HOUSE WITH UNDERWEAR ON MY HEAD, AND, LIKE, EVERYONE SHE MEETS, SHE'LL TELL THEM THAT STORY, AND IT'S TERRIBLE. >> WELL, AT SCHOOL, EVERY TIME HE SEES ME--IT DOESN'T MATTER WHERE HE'S GOING--HE'S ALWAYS GOT TO RUN UP BESIDE ME, BE LIKE, "BROTHER! BROTHER! BROTHER!" >> "OH, DEAR SISTER!" AND HUG ME AT SCHOOL AND... >> YEAH, I TRY TO EMBARRASS HER. >> SHE TRIES VERY HARD. >> I DO. >> I HAD A "CRUSH" ON THIS BOY, AND, LIKE, MY SISTER TOLD THE WHOLE THIRD GRADE CLASS THAT I LIKED HIM, AND, LIKE, I WENT OFF CRYING. THAT WAS, LIKE, THE MOST ANNOYING-EST THING SHE EVER DID. >> Ellerbee: AND WHAT IS THE NUMBER ONE THING SIBLINGS DO TO ANNOY YOU? WHAT REALLY GETS YOU GOING MOST, MAKES YOU THINK OF HOW NICE IT WOULD BE TO BE AN ONLY CHILD? DRUMROLL, PLEASE. [drumroll trills] >> MY SISTER TELLS ON ME A LOT ABOUT, YOU KNOW, PRETTY MINOR STUFF, AND IT'S REALLY ANNOYING. >> IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE FOR HER TO KEEP A SECRET, SO IF I TOLD HER ANYTHING, SHE WOULD GO STRAIGHT TO MY PARENTS. >> ONE DAY, I BROKE A GLASS BY ACCIDENT. MY SISTER JUST STRAIGHT UP JUST SAID, "I'M GONNA TELL DAD ON YOU." I'M LIKE... >> SHE WENT STRAIGHT TO MY MOTHER AND SAID, "MOM, ANNA ATE A PIECE OF CANDY!" >> IF I DON'T CLEAN MY ROOM, SHE'LL TAKE A PICTURE AND JUST SHOW IT TO MY MOM. >> I HAD BRACES, AND I HAD TO WEAR HEADGEAR EVERY NIGHT BUT I WOULD NEVER WEAR IT, SO MY DAD CAME UP WITH A SYSTEM WHEREIN IF MY BROTHER COULD CATCH ME NOT WEARING MY HEADGEAR, I WOULD HAVE TO PAY 50¢ OF MY ALLOWANCE TO MY BROTHER. HE WAS LIKE THE JAMES BOND OF CATCHING ME WITHOUT MY HEADGEAR. HE WOULD, LIKE, GO UP TO BED AN HOUR BEFORE ME AND JUST, LIKE, HIDE AND WAIT IN MY CLOSET. AND THE DEAL WAS, IF MY HEAD HIT THE PILLOW WITHOUT MY HEADGEAR, HE WOULD JUMP OUT AND YELL, "HEADGEAR!" AND JUST RUN TO MY PARENTS' ROOM. >> I SCARE HIM AND SAY, "OH, I'M GONNA CALL DAD" OR "I'M GONNA CALL MOM." HE GETS--HE JUMPS AND GRABS THE PHONE AND SAYS, "NO, NO, NO! NO, IT'S OKAY." >> I'D CRAWL UP IN THIS CRAWL SPACE UNDER THE HOUSE, AND I HAD THESE LITTLE PLASTIC ARMY MEN. AND I TOOK A BOX OF KITCHEN MATCHES, AND I WOULD SET THEM ON FIRE. AND IT WAS ALL SAND UNDER THERE, AND WHEN IT WOULD DRIP, IT WOULD MAKE THIS DISTINCT NOISE--"DOO! DOO!"-- WHEN IT WOULD DRIP, AND MY SISTER BUSTED ME. AND SHE SAT AND WATCHED ME DO TWO OR THREE AND THEN WENT AND TOLD ON ME. AND I GOT A SPANKING FROM MY MOM AND THEN I GOT A SPANKING FROM MY DAD WHEN HE GOT HOME. >> WELL, TELL YOU THE TRUTH, IF ANYBODY, I WAS PROBABLY A LITTLE BIT MORE OF THE SNITCH BECAUSE I WAS THE BABY, AND MY MOM USED TO HAVE--PLAY A GUILT TRIP ON ME. AND SHE USED TO SAY TO ME, "YOU KNOW, BUDDY, REMEMBER, GOD'S WATCHING. YOU CAN'T LIE TO ME. DID YOUR SISTERS HAVE PEOPLE OVER AND HAVE A PARTY?" AND I WOULD SAY, "I CAN'T LIE, MA. YEAH, THEY DID." AND THAT'S TRUTH. >> Ellerbee: WHEN I WAS GROWING UP, I DIDN'T GET BOSSED AROUND OR BLAMED FOR STUFF I DIDN'T DO. I DIDN'T HAVE TO SHARE MY TOYS OR MY CLOTHES, BUT NOT BECAUSE I HAD THE PERFECT SIBLINGS. I DIDN'T HAVE SIBLINGS. SURE, SIBLINGS CAN BE REALLY ANNOYING. YOU'VE PROVEN THAT. BUT I ENVY YOU. FOR ONE THING, I COULD NEVER BLAME ANYTHING I DID ON A BROTHER OR SISTER. FOR ANOTHER, ONLY CHILDREN ARE OFTEN STEREOTYPED AS SPOILED, SELFISH, SOLITARY MISFITS. OKAY, SOMETIMES I WAS-- AM. BUT MAINLY I ENVIED YOU THEN AND ENVY YOU NOW BECAUSE YOU HAD AND HAVE EACH OTHER. EVEN AT THOSE TIMES WHEN ALL YOU WANT TO DO IS WRING EACH OTHER'S NECK. >> NO MATTER HOW ANNOYING THEY CAN BE, I LOVE THEM. AND I TELL THEM THAT, THAT I LOVE THEM NO MATTER WHAT. >> YEAH, WE'RE, LIKE, EACH OTHER'S BEST FRIEND. WHAT CAN I SAY? >> [laughing] >> I THINK IT'S NICE TO HAVE ANNA AS AN OLDER SISTER 'CAUSE I CAN KIND OF RELY ON HER, AND SHE CAN COMFORT ME. >> HE'S ALMOST ALWAYS THERE FOR ME. >> MOST OF THE TIME, HE'S, LIKE, THE BEST BROTHER IN THE WORLD. >> HE'S MY FAVORITE PERSON TO BE AROUND. >> WE'RE LIKE PARTNERS IN CRIME. >> HE INTRODUCED ME TO SKATEBOARDING. I MEAN, IF IT WEREN'T FOR HIM, I PROBABLY WOULDN'T BE WHERE I AM. >> WE'RE STRONGER BECAUSE OF EACH OTHER. WE HOLD EACH OTHER UP AND PICKED EACH OTHER UP. >> IN A WAY, HER PUNCHES MAKE ME STRONGER. >> SOMETIMES HE'S FUN-- SOME OF THE TIME. >> SOME. >> MAYBE, LIKE... 52% OF MY LIFE. >> AWW. >> OKAY, JUST FOR A SECOND. >> mwah! >> WE GOT ALONG REALLY GOOD YESTERDAY. >> NO, WE DIDN'T. >> WE AS STUDENTS IN MOSTLY MINORITY SCHOOLS KNOW THAT WE'RE GETTING LOW-QUALITY EDUCATION. >> I WOULD SAY THAT IT'S SEPARATE AND NOT EQUAL. MOST BLACK STUDENTS GO TO CITY SCHOOLS, AND WHITE STUDENTS ARE OUT IN COUNTY SCHOOLS. >> I WENT TO A PREDOMINATELY AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOL IN ST. LOUIS CITY, AND I NOTICED A GREAT DIFFERENCE IN MATERIALS. >> I THINK IT IS A FAILURE TO OUR SOCIETY THAT WE HAVE SEGREGATED SCHOOLS. >> IT IS A SYMPTOM OF A LARGER PROBLEM THAT, IN THIS COUNTRY, AFRICAN-AMERICANS ARE TREATED AS IF THEY ARE FAILURES. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. "BLACK, WHITE, AND BROWN VERSUS BOARD OF EDUCATION: A RETURN TO SEGREGATED SCHOOLS?" >> Ellerbee: ONCE UPON A TIME, MOST BLACK KIDS DIDN'T GO TO SCHOOL WITH WHITE KIDS. THIS WAS CALLED SEGREGATION, AND IT WAS THE LAW. SCHOOLS COULD BE SEPARATE AS LONG AS THEY WERE EQUAL. BUT IN THE YEAR 1954 IN THE TOWN OF TOPEKA, KANSAS, A MAN NAMED OLIVER BROWN AND TWELVE OTHER BLACK FAMILIES SUED FOR THEIR KIDS' RIGHT TO ATTEND WHITE PUBLIC SCHOOLS BECAUSE BLACK AND WHITE SCHOOLS WERE NOT EQUAL. WHITE SCHOOLS WERE BETTER. THEIR CASE, CALLED BROWN VERSUS THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, WENT TO THE HIGHEST COURT IN THE LAND, AND WHEN ALL NINE JUSTICES RULED IN FAVOR OF MR. BROWN, IT BECAME ONE OF THE GREATEST SUPREME COURT DECISIONS OF THE 20TH CENTURY. SO HOORAY, SEGREGATION IN OUR SCHOOLS IS OVER. BLACK AND WHITE TOGETHER. WE HAVE OVERCOME. LET'S ALL CELEBRATE PROGRESS. IF ONLY. WE'RE TRAVELING BACKWARDS. EVEN IF OUR SCHOOLS ARE INTEGRATED LEGALLY, THE SORRY TRUTH IS THAT PRACTICALLY MOST KIDS ARE STILL SEPARATED BY RACE. MOST BLACK KIDS STILL GO TO SCHOOL MOSTLY WITH BLACK KIDS. MOST WHITE SCHOOLS STILL ARE BETTER. AND SO TODAY THE EDUCATION OF BLACK AND WHITE KIDS STILL IS NOT EQUAL. "BUT WHY?" YOU ASK. AN IMPORTANT QUESTION IN THIS PROGRAM WITH MORE QUESTIONS THAN ANSWERS. WE BEGIN IN AND ABOUT ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI. >> HERE IN THE ST. LOUIS METRO AREA I WOULD DEFINITELY SAY THAT IT'S SEPARATE AND NOT EQUAL. MOST BLACK STUDENTS GO TO CITY SCHOOLS, AND WHITE STUDENTS ARE OUT IN COUNTY SCHOOLS. >> I GO TO VASHON HIGH SCHOOL, WHICH IS IN THE NORTH CITY OF ST. LOUIS. WE ONLY HAVE TWO CAUCASIAN PEOPLE IN OUR SCHOOL. >> I MEAN, YOU LOOK AT KIRKWOOD, WHERE I GO, AND IT'S JUST LITERALLY WHITE EVERYWHERE YOU LOOK. >> THE EXPECTATIONS OF SOME OF THE TEACHERS IS BASICALLY FOR US TO JUST GRADUATE, AND, YOU KNOW, IT'S LIKE, "WELL WHAT ABOUT COLLEGE?" >> IF YOU'RE BLACK AND POOR IN THE ST. LOUIS CITY, THEN MOST LIKELY YOUR FAMILY DID NOT GO TO COLLEGE OR GET A HIGHER LEVEL EDUCATION, AND SO IT'S MUCH MORE DIFFICULT FOR YOU TO MAKE IT. >> IF YOU DECIDE "I WANT TO MAKE SOMETHING OF MYSELF," THEN YOU CAN ALWAYS TEACH YOURSELF THINGS, BUT I DO KIND OF FEEL LIKE THE SCHOOL SHOULD BE MORE EQUAL SO IT DOESN'T TAKE ALL THIS EXTRA EFFORT FOR SOMEONE TO HAVE THE SAME OPPORTUNITY. >> WE ARE STEPHANIE, EVAN, IAN, KHALIL, JACOB, AND AARON. WE LIVE IN THE ST. LOUIS METROPOLITAN AREA, AND WE'RE PART OF A GROUP CALLED CULTURAL LEADERSHIP. >> CULTURAL LEADERSHIP IS A CIVIL RIGHTS TRAINING PROGRAM FOR SOPHOMORES AND JUNIORS IN THE ST. LOUIS AREA. >> ONCE A YEAR WE DO WHAT'S CALLED A SCHOOL SWAP WHERE STUDENTS THAT GO TO COUNTY HIGH SCHOOLS ATTEND A SCHOOL IN THE CITY FOR ONE DAY, AND THEN THE STUDENTS IN THE CITY ATTEND A SCHOOL IN THE COUNTY FOR ONE DAY. >> I WENT TO A PREDOMINATELY AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOL IN ST. LOUIS CITY, AND I NOTICED A GREAT DIFFERENCE IN MATERIALS... >> STUFF LIKE THIS HAPPENS. IT FREEZES UP. >> IN TECHNOLOGY, IN COMPUTERS, AND IN RESOURCES AND TOOLS TO HELP PEOPLE LEARN. >> WHEN I DID THE SCHOOL SWAP AT KIRKWOOD, I WENT IN, AND THE FIRST THING THAT I NOTICED, ACTUALLY, WAS ALL THIS STUFF AROUND HERE. I'M TALKING ABOUT STUFF THAT LOOKED LIKE IT COSTS LOTS OF MONEY. THE TEACHERS COME IN, THEY CAN GET RIGHT ON TOPIC. THEY HAVE MULTIPLE COMPUTERS THAT THEY CAN USE. AND IT'S LIKE, "WOW!" AND THEN I RELATE IT BACK TO MY SCHOOL. WELL, WE DON'T HAVE ALL THAT. >> Ellerbee: IN THE UNITED STATES, PUBLIC SCHOOLS ARE PARTLY, IF NOT MOSTLY, PAID FOR BY LOCAL PROPERTY TAXES. >> IN THE CITY, THE PROPERTY VALUE ISN'T AS HIGH AS IN THE COUNTY. THAT'S WHY THE SCHOOLS DON'T GET AS MUCH FUNDING. SO IT ENDS UP BEING THE BLACK CHILDREN THAT GET THE SUBPAR EDUCATION BECAUSE OF WHERE YOU LIVE AND WHAT YOUR PARENTS DID. >> IT'S UNFAIR. DISPROPORTIONALLY AMOUNT OF BLACK STUDENTS ARE BEING FAILED BY OUR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. THERE ARE SCHOOLS THAT ARE FAILING, AND IT'S MAKING THE KIDS FAIL. >> Ellerbee: TWO PREDOMINANTLY BLACK SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN THE ST. LOUIS AREA HAVE FAILED TO MEET THE STATE'S BASIC EDUCATION STANDARDS. AND SO, BY STATE LAW, KIDS IN THOSE FAILING DISTRICTS GET A CHANCE TO GO TO SCHOOL IN DISTRICTS WHERE SCHOOLS ARE BETTER. BUT THE ALREADY FAILING SCHOOL DISTRICT MUST PAY FOR THOSE KIDS TO TRANSFER TO BETTER SCHOOLS. AVIANA WENT TO SCHOOL IN RIVERVIEW GARDENS, A FAILING DISTRICT. BUT AS OF AUTUMN 2013, SHE GOES TO A BETTER, IF PREDOMINANTLY WHITE SCHOOL IN A PREDOMINANTLY WHITE SUBURB. >> WHEN I GOT SELECTED FOR THE TRANSFER PROCESS, I FELT SO EXCITED TO GET THIS PAPER, LIKE, THIS GOLDEN PAPER. LIKE, IT WAS REALLY COOL. I CALL IT THE GOLDEN PAPER, BECAUSE IT WAS LIKE THE GATEWAY TO A NEW WORLD. >> Ellerbee: BUT NOT EVERYBODY IN THAT NEW WORLD WAS HAPPY ABOUT THE NEW ARRIVALS. >> I DESERVE TO NOT HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT MY CHILDREN GETTING STABBED OR TAKING A DRUG OR GETTING ROBBED. >> IT MADE ME FEEL LIKE-- LIKE THEY WERE PREJUDGING US. LIKE, THEY NEVER EVEN GOT A CHANCE TO KNOW US. >> I BELIEVE THE TRANSFER OF STUDENTS OUT OF THIS DISTRICT TO ANOTHER DISTRICT IS LIKE PUTTING A BAND-AID ON CANCER. IT DOES NOT FIX THE ISSUE. I AM DARIUS KIRK, THE PRINCIPAL AT RIVERVIEW GARDENS HIGH SCHOOL. WHENEVER WE LOSE STUDENTS, YOU'RE NOW TAKING AWAY THE FUNDING FROM THE SCHOOL, WHICH IS ALREADY STRUGGLING. AND SO THE ISSUE NOW, THEN, BECOMES, WE HAVE TO DO MORE WITH LESS. >> AT MY NEW SCHOOL, MEHLVILLE, OUR RESOURCES ARE AWESOME. THEY LET US HAVE OUR OWN LAPTOP. >> YO NECESITO... >> THE CURRICULUM IS SO MUCH HARDER. AT RIVERVIEW, I WAS AHEAD. HERE, I'M IN THE MIDDLE, BUT IT'S EASIER TO LEARN HERE, BECAUSE THERE'S NO DISTRACTIONS. MY STORY IS NOT THAT DIFFERENT FROM ANY AFRICAN-AMERICAN THAT IS COMING FROM A LOW-PERFORMING SCHOOL. WE HAVE A LOT OF THINGS THAT WE GO THROUGH EVERY DAY. SOME OF THEM ARE SCHOOL-RELATED. SOME OF THEM AREN'T. AND THE LEAST YOU CAN DO IS JUST LET THE ONES THAT DO WANT TO GET AN EDUCATION GET ONE, NO MATTER WHAT IT TAKES. >> WE AS STUDENTS IN MOSTLY MINORITY SCHOOLS KNOW THAT WE'RE GETTING LOW-QUALITY EDUCATION. >> THE INEQUALITY IN AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOLS, IT IS A SYMPTOM OF A LARGER PROBLEM THAT, IN THIS COUNTRY, AFRICAN-AMERICANS ARE TREATED AS IF THEY ARE FAILURES. >> WE ARE BRYAN AND JONSHELL. WE LIVE IN NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA. WE ARE A PART OF A YOUTH ACTIVIST GROUP CALLED REED RENAISSANCE INITIATIVE. THE REED RENAISSANCE INITIATIVE WAS FORMED TO STOP THE CLOSURE OF A LOCAL SCHOOL CALLED SARAH T. REED HIGH SCHOOL. SARAH T. REED HIGH SCHOOL IS A MAJORITY AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOL. >> SARAH T. REED HIGH SCHOOL IS SLATED TO BE CLOSED BECAUSE IT IS CURRENTLY A FAILING SCHOOL. BUT WE FIGHT BECAUSE WE KNOW THAT OUR STUDENTS AREN'T THE FAILING ONES. IT IS THE SYSTEM. >> CLOSING THE SCHOOL IS LIKE RUNNING AWAY FROM THE PROBLEM. IT'S EASIER TO RUN AWAY FROM A PROBLEM THAN TO STAND THERE AND FIX IT. WHEN THEY CLOSE SARAH T. REED, THERE'S ONLY GONNA BE ONE OR TWO HIGH SCHOOLS LEFT IN THE NEW ORLEANS EAST AREA. THE STUDENTS THAT ARE LEFT OUT, THEY HAVE TO GO DIFFERENT AREAS IN NEW ORLEANS. >> I AM HERE TODAY BECAUSE I AM WORRIED ABOUT THE SCHOOL CLOSURE. >> WE GO TO RALLIES. WE GO TO PROTESTS. WE TALK TO ELECTED OFFICIALS. >> WE WILL CONTINUE TO WORK SO THAT WE CAN GET YOU OUT OF A FAILED SYSTEM. >> WHEN YOU'RE CONSTANTLY BEING REMINDED HOW SOMETHING IS FAILING YOU, YOU'RE GONNA WANT TO FIGHT BACK. AND SCHOOL CLOSURE IS BASICALLY RUNNING AWAY FROM THE PROBLEM OF RACE. EVERYBODY WANTS TO BELIEVE THAT RACISM IS OVER. THEY FRAME IT AS IF SCHOOL CLOSURE ISN'T HAPPENING IN AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITIES, AND IT'S HAPPENING TO OVERALL STUDENTS. BUT OF COURSE WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT, IT'S HAPPENING TO AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITIES AND TO OTHER MINORITY COMMUNITIES. >> HAVE A DIFFERENT ANSWER? WHAT'D YOU SAY, BRYAN? >> THERE ARE SO MANY SCHOOLS THAT HAVE CLOSED DOWN, CHANGED NAME, REBUILT, BUT IT'S STILL FAILING. IT'S LIKE--IT'S ALMOST AS IF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM GIVES UP ON THEM. >> THERE'S A RACE ISSUE. AND RACE IS CREATED BY PEOPLE, SO IT CAN BE EASILY AS WELL BE DESTROYED BY PEOPLE. AS OF NOW, SARAH T. REED IS GONNA CLOSE, BUT THAT'S NOT GONNA STOP THE FIGHT. >> WE LOST THIS BATTLE, BUT THE WAR IS STILL GOING ON. >> THERE'S MILLIONS OF AFRICAN-AMERICANS BEING AFFECTED BY POOR SCHOOL SYSTEMS. >> Ellerbee: SO HOW DID WE GET TO THIS PLACE? >> I DEFINITELY DO NOT WANT TO GO TO SCHOOL IN INTEGRATED CLASSES, AND I THINK-- >> YOU DON'T WANT TO GO TO AN INTEGRATED SCHOOL AT ALL? >> NO, SIR, I DO NOT. >> Ellerbee: SINCE THE BROWN VERSUS BOARD OF EDUCATION SUPREME COURT DECISION IN 1954, THE STORY OF THE ATTEMPT TO INTEGRATE AMERICA'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS HAS BEEN ONE OF SLOW PUSH AND THEN HARD PUSHBACK BY THOSE WHITES WHO FIERCELY RESISTED THE IDEA OF BLACK AND WHITE KIDS GOING TO SCHOOL TOGETHER. >> THERE WAS THE EXPECTATION THAT STATES WOULD INSTANTLY START DESEGREGATING THEIR SCHOOLS, BUT THAT'S NOT WHAT HAPPENED. I'M DR. BEVERLY DANIEL TATUM, PRESIDENT OF SPELLMAN COLLEGE AND THE AUTHOR OF SEVERAL BOOKS ON THE SUBJECT OF RACE RELATIONS. >> Ellerbee: EVENTUALLY, UNDER PRESSURE FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, STATES BEGAN TO DESEGREGATE. MANY WHITES RESPONDED BY TAKING THEIR KIDS OUT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM AND PUTTING THEM IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS OR FLEEING TO THE MOSTLY ALL-WHITE SUBURBS. >> SUBURBS ARE LARGELY WHITE. INNER CITIES ARE LARGELY BLACK AND OF COLOR. SO JUST LOGISTICALLY, HOW CAN YOU MAKE SCHOOLS IN AN INTEGRATED WAY IF THE POPULATIONS THEMSELVES ARE NOT INTEGRATED? >> Ellerbee: IN THE 1970s, SOME STATES TRIED BUSING WHITE KIDS TO BLACK SCHOOLS AND BLACK KIDS TO WHITE SCHOOLS IN ORDER TO CREATE RACIALLY MIXED SCHOOLS. THE REACTION TO THAT POLICY WAS OUTRAGE. >> MY CHILDREN AND EVERY MOTHER THAT'S MARCHING IN THIS DO NOT WANT THEIR CHILDREN PUT ON A BUS FORCIBLY. >> THE BIGGEST OBJECTION TO BUSING CAME FROM WHITE PARENTS WHO DID NOT WANT TO SEND THEIR KIDS INTO BLACK SCHOOLS OR THEIR CONCERNS THAT BLACK KIDS WERE COMING INTO THEIR SCHOOLS. I REMEMBER VERY VIVIDLY THE SCENES OF SOUTH BOSTON RESIDENTS ATTACKING BUSES OF BLACK KIDS BEING BUSED INTO THEIR COMMUNITIES. >> Ellerbee: BY THE LATE 1970s, FORCED BUSSING WAS ABANDONED, LEAVING FEW OTHER OPTIONS FOR INTEGRATING SCHOOLS. >> THE SUPREME COURT SAID, "SEPARATE CAN NEVER BE EQUAL," AND SO WE MUST MOVE AWAY FROM SEPARATE. TODAY, NOT BECAUSE OF THE LAW, BUT SIMPLY BECAUSE WHERE PEOPLE ARE LIVING, WE STILL HAVE SEPARATE. WE HAVEN'T BEEN ABLE TO SOLVE THAT SEPARATE PROBLEM. AND, SADLY, WE STILL HAVE UNEQUAL. >> Ellerbee: ANOTHER QUESTION: IF AS A NATION WE SEEM TO HAVE GIVEN UP TRYING TO INTEGRATE OUR SCHOOLS, IF SEPARATE AND UNEQUAL IS STILL THE AMERICAN WAY, IS IT POSSIBLE FOR A BLACK KID GOING TO AN ALL OR MOSTLY BLACK SCHOOL TO GET A FIRST-RATE EDUCATION? SOMETIMES. >> THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY IS LOCATED IN SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON, D.C. SOUTHEAST D.C. HAS A HIGH CRIME RATE. YOU CAN GET ROBBED WALKING DOWN THE STREET. YOU CAN GET KILLED GETTING DOWN THE STREET. THERE'S JUST BAD INFLUENCES EVERYWHERE. >> THINK OF SOUTHEAST D.C. AS LIKE A THIRD WORLD COUNTRY. WE HAVE, QUITE FRANKLY, THE WORST EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES. YES, WE HAVE A BIG DROPOUT RATE. YES, WE HAVE A LOT OF MURDERS. >> FOR ME, GROWING UP HERE, I WOULDN'T DESCRIBE IT AS HOPELESS, BUT I WOULD DESCRIBE IT AS LAWLESS. WITHOUT THIS SCHOOL, IT WOULD BE SO MUCH WORSE, AND I PROBABLY WOULD HAVE GOT HURT A LONG, LONG TIME AGO. WE ARE JEREMIAH, DARRIUS, PHILLONDA, AND ASIA. WE ATTEND THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY HIGH SCHOOL IN WASHINGTON, D.C. [indistinct chatter] >> THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY IS A PUBLIC CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL. WE SERVE ABOUT 400 STUDENTS IN GRADES 9 THROUGH 12. OUR STUDENT BODY IS 100% AFRICAN-AMERICAN, AND ABOUT 80% OF OUR STUDENTS QUALIFY FOR FREE AND REDUCED LUNCH, WHICH MEANS THEY FALL--AND THEIR FAMILIES ARE BELOW THE POVERTY LINE. I'M ALEXANDRA PARDO. I'M THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY PUBLIC CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL IN WASHINGTON, D.C. THERE'S A RIVER THAT DIVIDES WASHINGTON, D.C. CALLED THE ANACOSTIA RIVER, AND WE ARE EAST OF THE RIVER, OR THAT'S HOW OUR COMMUNITY IS KNOWN, AND THIS IS A SECTION OF THE CITY THAT TOUR BUSES NEVER COME TO. FOR OUR STUDENTS, THERE'S A LOT OF REASONS THAT THEY SEE, THEY HEAR, THEY FEEL, OF WHY I CAN'T BE SUCCESSFUL. BUT WE HAVE PROVEN THAT OUR STUDENTS CAN BE SUCCESSFUL. WHEN WE LOOK AT READING TEST SCORE DATA, MATH TEST SCORE DATA, A.P. DATA, S.A.T. DATA, OUR STUDENTS ARE THE TOP HIGH SCHOOL IN THE CITY, AND 100% OF OUR GRADUATES HAVE BEEN ACCEPTED TO COLLEGE. >> LET'S GO OVER A COUPLE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT YOU MIGHT HAVE. >> WHAT MAKES THIS SCHOOL DIFFERENT FROM OTHER SCHOOLS IN D.C. IS THAT THE TEACHERS HAVE HIGH EXPECTATIONS. >> SO THAT LEAVES US WITH WHAT FOR NUMBER NINE? >> THE STUDENT HAS TO BE WILLING TO LEARN, BUT YOU HAVE TO HAVE PEOPLE BEHIND YOU TO PUSH YOU TO WANT TO GET A GOOD EDUCATION. >> WHEN YOU COME TO THURGOOD MARSHALL, IT'S LIKE A BIG PROTECTIVE DOME. IT'S JUST SO MUCH DIFFERENT FROM WHAT'S AROUND IT, AND THAT IN ITSELF TELLS YOU THAT THE SCHOOL CARES ABOUT THE STUDENTS. ALL THE WAY? >> YEAH, PRETTY MUCH ALL THE WAY. >> THIS IS A PLACE WHERE FAILURE IS NOT AN OPTION. SO IF YOU'RE A TROUBLEMAKER, THEY'LL FORCE YOU AND MAKE YOU INTO A SCHOLAR. WHEN I CAME TO THURGOOD MARSHALL ACADEMY, I WAS A SLACKER. BUT WHAT TURNED ME AROUND WAS, A TEACHER HAD WALKED UP TO ME AND SAID, "DO YOU THINK YOU WOULD GET INTO COLLEGE WITH THESE GRADES?" AND I TOLD HER THAT I BELIEVED I WOULD. SHE TOLD ME I WOULDN'T. >> MY ALGEBRA TEACHER, SHE CAME TO ME AND ASKED ME, DID I WANT TO BE ANOTHER STATISTIC, AND THAT'S THE ONLY THING SHE SAID TO ME, AND THEN SHE LEFT ME WITH THAT FOR, LIKE, TWO DAYS. AND AS I THOUGHT ABOUT IT, I WAS LIKE, "NO, I DON'T WANT TO BE LEFT HERE." SOUTHEAST D.C.--I DID GROW UP HERE, BUT IT'S NOT WHERE I WANT TO STAY FOR THE REST OF MY LIFE. SO THAT'S WHAT MADE ME START WORKING HARDER. >> THERE'S NO WHITE KIDS AT ALL HERE. BUT IT DOESN'T MATTER TO ME, BECAUSE AT THE END OF THE DAY, WE STILL GET THE EQUAL EDUCATION. >> WE'RE BASICALLY LEARNING THE SAME THING THAT THE WHITE KIDS ARE LEARNING THAT GOES TO THE SCHOOLS IN D.C. >> I THINK IT IS A FAILURE TO OUR SOCIETY THAT WE HAVE SEGREGATED SCHOOLS. BUT IT'S REALLY NOT A FOCUS. JUST FOCUS ON YOUR WORK. >> WHEN YOU WALK AROUND THURGOOD MARSHALL HALLWAYS, YOU SEE FLAGS TO COLLEGES THAT EITHER SENIORS WENT TO OR TEACHERS. AND TO ME, THAT'S JUST A CONSTANT REMINDER, LIKE, THAT SENIOR DID IT. AND I KNEW THAT SENIOR, SO IF SHE CAN DO IT, I CAN DO IT. >> ROUND OF APPLAUSE. GOOD JOB, ASIA. >> I SEE THURGOOD MARSHALL AS MY ONLY KEY TO MAKING A GOOD LIFE. FREE EDUCATION IS ONE OF THE BEST THINGS THAT YOU COULD EVER GET, BECAUSE IT'S A FREE OPPORTUNITY TO LEAVE WHAT'S BEHIND YOU BEHIND YOU. IT'S AN OPPORTUNITY FOR YOU TO FINALLY RISE ABOVE AND BE SOMETHING. AND THE ONLY THING YOU GOT TO DO IS TRY YOUR HARDEST. >> Ellerbee: STILL ANOTHER QUESTION: IS IT POSSIBLE TO CREATE SCHOOLS WHERE INTEGRATION IS A REALITY AND EDUCATION IS EQUAL? YES, BUT IT'S HARD WORK. EVEN WHEN--AND IF--IT WORKS. THE PLACE IS HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, THE CITY AND ITS SUBURBS. >> THE FIRST DAY THAT I WALKED INTO THIS SCHOOL, CHYQUAN WAS THE FIRST PERSON I SAW, AND HE SAID, "HEY, COME OVER HERE. COME OVER HERE. SIT DOWN." AND RIGHT FROM THAT SECOND, I KNEW THAT I WAS WELCOME AT THIS SCHOOL. >> WHEN HE CAME INTO THE ROOM, I WAS JUST LIKE, "HEY, ANOTHER NEW FRIEND, SO I'M JUST GONNA MAKE HIM FEEL WELCOME," 'CAUSE THAT'S WHAT THEY DID TO ME. WE ARE CHYQUAN AND AUSTIN, AND WE ATTEND CREC ACADEMY OF AEROSPACE AND ENGINEERING. IN MY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, THERE'S PRIMARILY ALL BLACKS, AND IF A WHITE KID HAD WALKED IN, I WOULD NEVER HAVE SAID ANYTHING. >> IN MY HOMETOWN, I WAS FRIENDS WITH MOSTLY WHITE PEOPLE BECAUSE THAT'S THE MAJORITY OF WHO WAS THERE, AND HERE AT THIS SCHOOL, I'M FRIENDS WITH PEOPLE OF ALL RACES. >> Ellerbee: TODAY, THE HARTFORD AREA IS HOME TO MORE THAN 50 SCHOOLS LIKE THE ONE AUSTIN AND CHYQUAN GO TO. THEY WERE CREATED AS A RESULT OF A SUCCESSFUL LAWSUIT THAT REQUIRED THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT TO FIX A SEPARATE AND UNEQUAL SCHOOL SYSTEM. THE RESULT IS DESIGNED TO CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP BY BRINGING KIDS FROM RACIALLY SEGREGATED NEIGHBORHOODS TOGETHER TO LEARN. THEY CALL IT THE VOLUNTARY TWO-WAY SCHOOL INTEGRATION SYSTEM, THE KEY WORD BEING "VOLUNTARY." >> GETTING TO SCHOOL FOR ME IS NOT EASY. I HAVE TO WAKE UP AT 4:45 IN THE MORNING, DRIVE TEN MILES TO A BUS STOP, AND THEN HAVE ANOTHER 45-MINUTE BUS RIDE TO GET TO THE SCHOOL. BUT I DO IT BECAUSE I LOVE THIS SCHOOL. THERE'S SO MANY OPPORTUNITIES HERE THAT I WOULD NEVER HAVE HAD IF I'D JUST WENT TO A REGULAR PUBLIC SCHOOL. >> OUR STUDENT POPULATION IS APPROXIMATELY 30% AFRICAN-AMERICAN, 30% HISPANIC, AND 30% CAUCASIAN. WE HAVE 10% OF OUR STUDENT BODY THAT IS NATIVE AMERICAN, INDIAN, OR ASIAN. SO IT'S A GOOD MIX OF STUDENTS FROM MANY BACKGROUNDS AND MANY COMMUNITIES. I'M PAUL BRENTON, AND I'M THE PRINCIPAL OF THE CREC ACADEMY OF AEROSPACE AND ENGINEERING. >> I THINK THAT THERE IS AN ADVANTAGE TO GOING TO SCHOOL WITH VERY DIVERSE PEOPLE. IT DOES GIVE YOU A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE OF LIFE. WE ARE MARISSA AND HOLLY. WE GO TO CLASSICAL MAGNET SCHOOL IN HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT. THE IDEA OF THE SCHOOL IS TO BRING SUBURBAN KIDS AND NON-SUBURBAN KIDS TOGETHER SO THEY HAVE AN EQUAL EDUCATION. >> I COME HERE BECAUSE THE EDUCATION WHERE I AM FROM IS VERY POOR. THEY HELD LOWER STANDARDS. >> REALIZE WITH THE TWO FORMULAS, HOW... >> WHEN I CAME HERE, I LEARNED HOW MUCH MORE I WAS CAPABLE OF. I THINK THAT THE KIDS THAT ARE GOING TO INTEGRATED SCHOOLS, THEY MAY CARRY THAT ON FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIFE. FOR ME, IT'S MAINLY EXPOSURE, LEARNING DIFFERENT CULTURES IN A SENSE. >> I FEEL THAT GOING TO A INTERRACIAL SCHOOL MAKES THE EDUCATION BETTER BECAUSE IT SHOWS THAT YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE RICH TO BE SMART. SOME PEOPLE CAN COME FROM, LIKE, THE REALLY BAD AREAS OF TOWN, AND THEY CAN BE THE SMARTEST KID IN SCHOOL. >> I'VE LEARNED SO MUCH ABOUT PEOPLE'S BACKGROUNDS AND CULTURES, AND THE DIVERSITY ASPECT OF OUR SCHOOL IS JUST AS IMPORTANT AS ANY CLASS YOU COULD TAKE. >> Ellerbee: SOMETIMES THE DIVISION BETWEEN BLACK AMERICANS AND WHITE AMERICANS CAN SEEM TOO DEEP TO EVER FULLY MEND. AND WHO WILL DO THE MENDING? A 14-YEAR-OLD KID POSTED THE FOLLOWING ONLINE: "HOW COULD ADULTS EXPECT KIDS TO SETTLE THIS PROBLEM WHEN IT'S A PROBLEM THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN SETTLED GENERATIONS AGO?" WELL, WE SAID THAT THIS WAS A SHOW ABOUT QUESTIONS. THAT'S A BIG ONE. HOW CAN WE EXPECT YOU KIDS TO DO WHAT WE GROWN-UPS HAVEN'T DONE? BECAUSE WE HAVEN'T DONE IT, NOT IN 60 YEARS. SO IT IS UP TO YOU, AND IT MAY TAKE THE NEXT 60 YEARS. AND SOME MAY TELL YOU THAT EQUALITY IS ONLY A DREAM. BUT IF THAT'S TRUE, ASK YOURSELF THIS FINAL QUESTION: ISN'T IT THE AMERICAN DREAM? I'M LINDA ELLERBEE. GOOD-BYE FOR NICK NEWS. ♪♪ (girl 1) My mom started monitoring my social media whenever I first got my phone. (girl 2) My parents take my phone when I'm sleeping and they'll go through it and check my messages. (boy 1) In our school district anything that you do on the school computers can be found and tracked. I know they're trying to protect us and all, to keep danger away. (girl 3) I feel like adults go over their boundaries, like whenever they go through kids' messages. (boy 2) I think it's okay for parents to track their kids because if the kid is in a bad situation the parent can like, go help them. (girl 4) Back when there weren't GPS trackers on phones, kids still grew up to be fine. ♪♪ (announcer) This is "Nick News" with Linda Ellerbee. The Electronic Leash. Safety versus privacy. Now, from New York, here is Linda Ellerbee. Texting, social media, video chatting, the Internet... Today there are so many ways you can stay connected with each other and with the world, and just as many ways you can get in trouble or hurt because of that, which is why there are so many new technologies to allow your parents to keep track of you. Call them electronic leashes. Many parents say they feel better knowing what their kids are up to. Some kids are fine with that. Some aren't. In America, the right to privacy is a big deal, but does that right apply to kids? And just how important is privacy to you? (girl 1) I think privacy is important because everyone shouldn't have to know everything about you. (boy 1) Kids certainly care about their privacy... From their parents, from their friends, from their teachers. (boy 2) If no one had privacy, crime would significantly go down but privacy is a keystone of freedom and without privacy we would lose basic human rights. I don't think kids should have complete privacy because we're still in the development age. (girl 2) I think I do deserve to have privacy because they're my thoughts, but my dad does pay for my phone, so he should be allowed to see what I'm doing. Kids want privacy, but when they post things on, like, social media and everything, there is no privacy. (girl 3) I think my life as a teenager is less private than my parents' because we are like, the first official generation where it's, like, everything is technology. My name is Grace and I live on Long Island, New York. Everyone's so tech-savvy now and I think that parents are protective over that because they don't really know what it is and they just don't want anything bad happening. Give me the phone. What's the big deal? Give me the phone. There is no big deal. (Grace) When my mom says, "Oh, let me see what you're saying online and stuff," like, I just get annoyed 'cause I'm like, what do you think I'm saying online that's bad? And then we end up arguing. (mom) There is no privacy, in my opinion. We're the parents, and as far as I'm concerned, we should have access to anything that goes on in their lives in order to protect them. My name is Margaret and I'm Grace's mom. Who is this? That's my group chat, mom. That's the group chat? (laughing) Yeah. (Margaret) I just want to know what's happening with her. And to be honest with you, nine out of ten I'm taking her phone without her knowing it, because I want to make sure that she's safe. (Grace) When my parents go on my phone and all of my social media accounts, I try not to mind it, but at the same time it's like, why, why do they need it? I think that kids should have electronic privacy because you act differently around people that you're friends with and you also want to have stuff to keep to yourself. (man) Americans have always valued the right to privacy very highly. It's in our Constitution, it's part of our way of life. The fact is, is that people need space to be themselves. My name is Jay Stanley, I'm a senior policy analyst at the American Civil Liberties Union. The ACLU is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights and civil liberties organization defending Americans' freedoms. The right of privacy is very clearly established for adults and one of the questions is how does it extend to children? And that's a complicated question that's still being worked out in the courts in a lot of different ways. I think that parents do have a lot of rights to monitor their children. Obviously, if you're four years old, then your parents need to monitor you to keep you from sticking the fork in the electrical outlet or what have you. Um, and as you get older, parents still have the right to monitor you, but it becomes more and more important for kids to have their own privacy. (woman) Kids have a right to privacy, but they also need to understand that their parents have a right to monitor them and their parents have a right to do what they can to protect them. I am Denise Derossa, I am the program manager for Good Digital Parenting at the Family Online Safety Institute. A parent is still a parent, whether it's online or offline, and sometimes you're going to be able to interact with your friends and not have your parents overhear and there are other times when your parents are going to overhear. So, can a child under 17 expect 100% privacy online? No, I don't think so because you're still within your parents' home. (Linda) And what about when you leave home? More and more these days, kids are being tracked with GPS devices that are slipped into their backpacks or GPS apps that are downloaded into their smartphones. Parents say it's for safety. Kids give the technology mixed reviews. (boy 1) The way the world's advancing, eventually we're all gonna be tracked and we're not gonna really have a say. (boy 2) As technology advances it's important that parents understand that just because they can see physically where their kid is doesn't mean that they should see physically where their kids is. (girl 1) Back when there weren't GPS trackers on phones, kids still grew up to be fine. I think being tracked is fine because if you're not doing anything wrong then it just shows that you are doing what you're supposed to do. (boy 3) I think it's okay for parents to track their kids because if the kid is in a bad situation the parent can, like, go help them. (girl 2) I believe strict parents make sneaky children and it leads to a lot mistrust. With the software my parents use to track where I am, I can also see where my parents are, and that's not because we don't trust each other at all. It's because we think it's a convenient way to figure out where we all are and just to meet up sometimes. (boy 4) My mother does look at the monitor, like, every five minutes to make sure I'm safe and where I said I'm gonna be. (girl) I was 10 years old when I started going places without my mom or my dad. My name's Sydney and I live in New York City. When I started going out by myself my mom was a little bit concerned and constantly texting me and checking in where I was and I would constantly have to text back, and her friend told her about an app she could use that can track my location and it sends her a map of where I am. (woman) What's so useful about the app is that it's both in real time and also it's automatic. So, when she arrives, I get the notification. If there's a period of time where I don't get the notification, I can look on the map and make sure that she's where she should be. I'm Rachel and I'm Sydney's mom. I think it's a really difficult balance between keeping your child safe and fostering their independence and respecting their privacy. (Sydney) I don't ever feel like I don't want her to know where I am because then she can see if I got in trouble. (Rachel) I have to imagine there'll be a time that Sydney will not want that app on her phone and hopefully, at that time, I'll agree, otherwise it'll be a lengthy discussion. (Linda) Sydney may not feel her privacy's being compromised, but some kids are uncomfortable with being tracked and monitored. (boy) When I first went into middle school in the sixth grade I just started riding the bus by myself and wasn't the most comfortable with it, so my parents decided to have a tracking app for our family that would tell us where each of us was at any time. My name's Isiah, I live in Columbia, Missouri. In the middle of sixth grade I started to realize that I didn't really like how the app was knowing where I was at at all times and felt it was invading my privacy, and so I asked my parents if we could remove it. (woman) Isiah came to us and stated he felt that it was weird for his parents to always know where he was. I'm Lauren and I'm Isiah's mom. (Isiah) A big problem with the app for me is, by installing it, it felt like they couldn't trust me. 'Cause, I mean, when you hear "tracking" you usually connate it as with, like, spies tracking a criminal. (Lauren) At first his dad and I were resistant, we weren't ' sure if we were ready to let go of that safety net, of letting go of that ability to just click and know his whereabouts. But we also realized that we're raising him to be a young adult that's responsible, so we agreed and let it come off his phone. (Isiah) I do think the whole concept of knowing where someone's at every second is kind of a creepy kind of concept. I feel it's like a gateway to handing over everything. In America we have a culture of freedom and it all started when we seceded from Britain because we wanted to be free. But I feel we let ourselves be trapped and that's sort of taking away our freedom, at its base. (Linda) GPS trackers monitor your location. There are also apps and techniques parents are using to monitor you on social media and other electronic communications. (boy) I believe that parents should be bothering me with devices. Since they're older and more mature, they will be able to help you distinguish between what's right and wrong. You don't need to be spying on your kids. You just need to raise them with the knowledge that they should be careful on the Internet, that they shouldn't post ridiculous pictures. (girl) Parents should be able to see if their children are doing something wrong. My parents take my phone when I'm sleeping and they'll go through it and check my messages. I feel like adults go over their boundaries, like, whenever they go through kids' messages. (boy) If my parents went through my phone, I'd probably be pretty comfortable. I mean, I don't really have anything to hide from them. I don't think it's her business to know what me and my friends are talking about. Having privacy is also a form of trust and that makes a more comfortable relationship in the household, I believe. You want to be able to talk, like, freely and not have to change the way you talk just 'cause your parents are listening. That they don't monitor you at all, then you have all the freedom and you're going to end up making mistakes. I think there needs to be a balance with parents monitoring and over-monitoring because kids do need to live their life and learn from their mistakes. (girl) My mom started monitoring my social media whenever I first got my phone. All the devices in my family are hooked up to one account so then whenever my friends send messages to me everybody in the house would get it. My name is Maisie and I live in Pittsburgh. When she first started looking at my stuff I called her a creeper and stuff because I thought that she was, like, creeping around everything. (woman) She's a teenager, she got irritated. She didn't want me in her business. But I'm not gonna be the parent that is not watching my kid. I'm Stephanie and I'm Maisie's mom. (Maisie) With my friends it's not like I do anything bad or anything but I don't want her seeing if we're talking about boys. I tried to set up, like, secret accounts. At first I was like, ha-ha, she's never gonna find out. She set up numerous different accounts but it didn't work because eventually I'll find it. (Maisie) Sometimes I forget, like, that she's looking at my social media and stuff and I will talk to my friends in a way that she doesn't want me to. So, if she finds out I get in trouble. (Stephanie) I think it's important for parents to monitor their kids and their teenagers' social network accounts and phones. There's reasons that kids can't drive until a certain age. There's reasons kids can't vote until a certain age. Kids do not have the emotional regulation and judgement needed at times when they're hiding behind the Internet. They think it's a lot of fun and they're talking to each other, posting pictures, and it can just become unsafe real quick. (Maisie) One day my mom looked on my Facebook account and she saw my friend's sister, uh, posting stuff saying that she was going to kill herself. (Stephanie) I scrolled down and saw that some people, prior to that, had said some pretty nasty words to this girl, and it was coming to the point that she had openly put a picture up of, um-- and it was a scary picture and she was going to attempt to commit suicide. I immediately called 911 with the post up. 911 responded to me. They looked at the post and another officer was on their way to the girl's house and we were able to get the girl some help and it all worked out, luckily, this time, in the end. (Maisie) If my mom never looked at my stuff, my friend's sister would probably be dead, and that changed my mind on my mom looking through my social media accounts, and it's good that she still does. (Linda) Now school administrators are getting into the business of monitoring you online, at school and everywhere else. (girl) I don't think schools should be monitoring students' social media because they should be trying to prevent the problems in the classroom during school. (boy) I think they should only do it if you're on their wi-fi. Some people are doing bad things online and the district should know about it. (girl) If they monitor you, like, 24/7 and it's like, 9:00 and you're fighting with somebody and they send you to the principal's office the next day, I don't think that's right. I know they're trying to protect us and all, keep danger away, but as we get home, the line should stop right there. (boy) In our school district they have a very interesting monitoring policy. Anything that you do on the school computers can be found and tracked. But they can also monitor you if you're posting things to the social media outside of school. We're Wolf and Dinesh and we go to school in Columbia, Missouri. I wasn't even aware when I signed the tech agreement that they were gonna monitor me. (woman) In our school district we have our students, as well as their parents, sign a technology usage agreement to have a mobile device issued to them, and in those agreements it outlines how we will monitor them, and one of which is that they will have their media monitored. I'm Michelle Baumstark and I'm the Community Relations Director for Columbia public schools in Columbia, Missouri. (Dinesh) If they're doing it for safety purposes, then I think that it's okay. But if they're looking at our conversations, talking about who we, who we like, like a girl, or something, then I don't think that's right. (Michelle) We're not looking for social conversations between two students. We're not looking for those types of things. We're looking for things that cause us alarm, to be concerned about an individual student's safety or to be concerned about the safety of a school or school building. We've had a number of instances where students have posted things that are just clearly not appropriate, whether it be comments about someone or a threat to another student or even to a school, and because of that we've been able to contact either law enforcement or the principal to be able to address that situation and take care of it very, very quickly. The system searches for key words, so we can put in the names of individuals, we can put in places, and it will pull back very targeted searches for us. (Wolf) I think that there can be some errors that can occur when you use a keyword monitoring process. I mean, if I post something that says, oh, me and my friends were playing such-and-such video game, it was a total massacre, a total beat-down, a giant fight-- something like that-- and all of those words go through the system, then I'd get some administrator yelling at me because I made a social media post that had the hot words that they didn't like. (Dinesh) I think when they look for key words, it's not violating our privacy because they're just checking for words that could threaten our safety. (Wolf) I find their policy with social media kind of intrusive, in my mind, because what I do outside of school is my business. (Michelle) I do not think that we're invading the privacy of kids. I think kids need to understand any time they use a mobile device for social media communication that just by nature of that term, it's public, and it's our job as a school district, it's our job as adults to help students understand that and to use it appropriately and responsibly so that they don't make mistakes now that they will regret 20 years from now. (Wolf) I think privacy is a sacred thing to me because I want to do my own things and not necessarily have other people know what I'm doing, and I think that if I don't have privacy, then I really don't have anything. (Linda) When your parents and teachers finally cut the electronic leash, staying safe and private online will be up to you. Are you ready? (girl) My generation, they don't know when to not share something that is a little too private. We are Omar, Sara and Elizabeth. We go to school in New York City and we attend a volunteer privacy class run by Fordham University law students. What about the location on your social media? Do you have that on or off? They teach you about privacy and other stuff to keep you safe online. Today we're gonna talk a little bit about passwords... My name is Inez Spinato, I'm a law student at Fordham Law School in New York, and I'm a volunteer privacy educator. Many times the students aren't aware of the repercussions of maybe posting a picture online or using a public computer and saving their password on a public computer. What we're doing is giving them the tools that they need to take control over their privacy. What happens when you press "remember me"? The computer stores your password inside the computer that stores it. Yeah. In this privacy class we learned how to secure passwords and how to be responsible online 'cause whatever you do online stays with you forever. Most of these apps want you to share stuff about yourself. We can make mistakes and thinking it's private when it isn't. (Inez) Releasing information, of course, has many, many positive aspects. But then sometimes sharing too much information can be a negative thing. Maybe you can share information with people you didn't initially intend to share information with, um, maybe sharing that information is unsafe, even. So one of the lessons that we do is a social media class about privacy settings. (Sara) In privacy settings you can pick if you want just your friends to see it or your followers or if you want strangers and the whole world to see it. Once we had this privacy class it made me think more about how not to keep your things public. I do think it's important that they taught us about privacy because when we post stuff we'll probably be more aware. From app to app and device to device, the ways you're being watched are evolving, and it's clear that surveillance technology is not going away. And then there's this. Anything one human can make, some other human can figure out a way around it. But perhaps in the future we won't have to make a choice between privacy and safety. In this brave, new world it is not impossible that even newer technologies can devise ways to give us the ability to have both. Stay tuned. I'm Linda Ellerbee. Goodbye, for "Nick News". ♪♪ [percussive marimba music] ♪ >> [speaking foreign language] >> I WAS VERY YOUNG AT THE TIME THEY CAME TO GET ME TO START FISHING. >> [speaking foreign language] >> ALL I EVER DID WAS WORK AND WAS BEATEN UP WHENEVER I REFUSED TO DO ANYTHING I WAS INSTRUCTED TO DO. I'M NOT REALLY SURE WHY BOTH MY PARENTS ASKED ME TO GO. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. NOW, FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: HUMAN TRAFFICKING HAS GONE BY OTHER NAMES IN OTHER TIMES. IT USED TO BE CALLED THE SLAVE TRADE. NO MATTER WHAT YOU CALL IT, THE PRACTICE HAS ALWAYS INCLUDED THE SALE OF KIDS. IT STILL DOES. CHILD TRAFFICKING IS AN INTERNATIONAL PROBLEM AFFECTING MILLIONS OF PEOPLE AND MANY COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD. THIS SHOW IS ABOUT SHINING A LIGHT ON A HUGE ISSUE BY FOCUSING ON ONE PLACE, ONE PARTICULAR SITUATION, SOME REMARKABLE AMERICAN KIDS, AND EQUALLY REMARKABLE FORMER CHILD SLAVES TRYING TO MAKE IT BETTER. THIS SHOW IS ABOUT A RESCUE MISSION. THE JOURNEY REALLY STARTED WHEN TYLER, A 15-YEAR-OLD BOY FROM BRENTWOOD, CALIFORNIA, SAW A SHOW ON TELEVISION BACK WHEN HE WAS NINE YEARS OLD. >> THEY WERE FEATURING A STORY ON CHILD TRAFFICKING IN GHANA, AFRICA, AND THESE KIDS WERE BEING SOLD INTO TRAFFICKING BY THEIR OWN PARENTS FOR AS LITTLE AS $20, AND THEY'RE FORCED TO FISH 14 HOURS A DAY WITH ONLY ONE MEAL, AND I FELT HORRIBLE FOR THESE KIDS, AND I COULDN'T BELIEVE THAT THESE KIDS WERE BEING TREATED THIS WAY. I THOUGHT EVERYONE WAS TREATED AS GREAT AS I WAS. >> WHEN TYLER CAME TO ME AND ASKED TO DO A FUNDRAISER FOR CHILDREN HE HAD LEARNED WERE IN TRAFFICKING ON LAKE VOLTA IN GHANA, AFRICA, I KIND OF THOUGHT HE WAS CRAZY. HE WAS NINE. HE WAS LITTLE, AND I DIDN'T THINK IT WOULD ACTUALLY REALLY HAPPEN. MY NAME IS LAURA, AND I'M TYLER'S MOM. >> WE'VE DONE THOUSANDS OF LEMONADE STANDS, CAR WASHES, CELEBRITY FUNDRAISERS, AND JUST ANYTHING WE COULD DO TO RAISE MONEY TO SAVE CHILDREN OUT OF TRAFFICKING. >> THE KIDS ARE SOLD INTO TRAFFICKING BY THEIR PARENTS NOT HAVING ENOUGH MONEY TO SUPPORT THE REST OF THEIR FAMILY, SO THEY THINK THAT IT'S OKAY TO GET A LITTLE MONEY, AND THE PARENTS ARE TOLD THAT THEY WILL LEARN A CERTAIN SKILL SET, AND THEN THEY WILL BE ABLE TO COME BACK TO THEIR HOME AND PROVIDE FOR THEIR FAMILIES. >> TETTEH IS A 22-YEAR-OLD YOUNG MAN WHO WAS FORMERLY TRAFFICKED AND WAS RESCUED SIX YEARS AGO, AND HE NOW WORKS WITH ERIC TO RELATE TO THE CHILDREN THAT WE'RE RESCUING SO THAT THEY CAN LOOK AT HIM AND SEE HOPE AND NOT FEEL SCARED. >> MADISON, ONE OF THE GIRLS WITH ME ON THIS TRIP, HAS BEEN A GOOD FRIEND OF MY FAMILY'S FOR A LONG TIME, AND SHE GOT REALLY INVOLVED WHEN I TOLD HER WHAT WE DO, AND SHE LOVED THE IDEA AND WANTED TO HELP OUT. >> BEFORE WE CAME, I MEAN, I KNEW THAT THE KIDS WERE IN HARSH CONDITIONS. I DIDN'T REALLY KNOW HOW MUCH THEY GOT HURT BY THE FISHERMEN, NECESSARILY, OR HOW THEY WERE TAKEN AWAY FROM WHERE THEY LIVED. MY NAME IS MADDIE, I'M 15 YEARS OLD, AND I'M FROM WALNUT CREEK, CALIFORNIA. >> HE DESCRIBED IT, "BY THE TIME I COULD WALK, BY THE TIME I COULD TALK, BY THE TIME I KNEW WHAT I WAS DOING, I WAS FISHING." HE GREW UP, AND THAT WAS ALL HE KNEW. HE WAS TAKEN AWAY WHEN HE WAS FIVE. HE SPENT TEN YEARS IN SLAVERY, AND DURING THAT TIME, HE WAS HIT, HE WAS HURT, AND SO HE WENT THROUGH A LOT. >> SO TODAY, WE'RE GOING TO THE VILLAGE WHERE NEVER LIVES. IT'S CRAZY, I MEAN, TO THINK I WAS JUST NINE WHEN I SAW HIM ON TV, AND NOW I'M HERE MEETING HIM. >> NEVER, THIS IS TYLER. >> HI. >> TYLER. >> NICE TO MEET YOU. >> VERY NICE MEETING YOU. >> WELCOME TO GHANA. >> THANK YOU. >> YOU'RE WELCOME. >> SO YOU GUYS WILL HAVE FUN. >> OKAY. >> YOU INSPIRED ME TO RAISE MONEY TO HELP SAVE THE KIDS OUT OF TRAFFICKING. >> YES. >> AND I'VE BEEN DOING IT FOR FIVE YEARS, AND NOW-- >> FIVE YEARS? >> MM-HMM. >> YOU SEE, THIS FISHING STORY IS A STORY-- >> YEAH, IT'S A VERY LONG STORY. >> YES, IT'S A LONG STORY. IT'S A STORY WHERE WHEN YOU START--BEFORE YOU FINISH, YOUR HEART WILL MELT LIKE SNOW. FISHING... [chuckles] IS VERY DIFFICULT. THE CONDITION THERE IS NOT-- IT'S NOT GOOD AT ALL. >> IT MAKES ME SAD WHEN I HEAR THE STORIES. IT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE ALL THE BAD THINGS IN MY LIFE REALLY AREN'T THAT BAD, AND THEY COULD BE A LOT WORSE, AND IT DRIVES ME. THE TRIP FROM ACCRA TO HERE HAS BEEN A LONG JOURNEY, BUT WE'RE FINALLY HERE. I CAN'T FEEL MY LEGS. [laughs] STAYING AT THE MOTEL LAST NIGHT WAS PRETTY HARD. IT WAS INCREDIBLY HOT, BUT YOU GOT TO PUSH THROUGH AND THINK THAT THE KIDS HAVE IT WORSE, SO I SHOULD BE ABLE TO DO THIS. THIS MORNING, WE ARE AT LAKE VOLTA, AND WE'RE ABOUT TO GO ON OUR FIRST RESCUE MISSION. MY GOAL FOR THE NEXT FIVE DAYS IS TO GET AT LEAST FIVE KIDS OUT OF FISHING TRAFFICKING. [all speaking foreign language] [all speaking foreign language] [all laugh] NOW, THIS IS A MAN WE SAW HERE WHO SAID HE HAD SOME CHILDREN; HE WANTED TO LET THEM GO. >> THE PROCESS OF GETTING KIDS IS, WE PAY THE FISHERMEN, AND THEY SIGN A DOCUMENT SAYING THAT THEY WILL NEVER TRAFFIC ANOTHER KID AGAIN. IF THEY SIGN THE DOCUMENT AND THEN THEY TRAFFIC ANOTHER CHILD, THEY WILL BE ARRESTED. WE GIVE THE FISHERMEN MOSTLY MONEY, BUT SOMETIMES, WE GIVE THEM SUPPLIES, AND THEN SOMETIMES, WE'LL BUILD, LIKE, A FISH POND FOR THEM OR JUST OTHER THINGS THAT MIGHT HELP THEIR BUSINESS. >> WE HAVE ONE NEGOTIATION WHERE IT'S A MUTUAL AGREEMENT THAT THEY HAVE PRETTY MUCH TOLD US THEY WILL RELEASE THE CHILD, BUT WE HAVE NOT TAKEN HIM YET. WE'RE IN OUR SECOND VILLAGE. WE ARE GOING IN TO SEE IF THERE ARE SOME CHILDREN IN THERE THAT WE CAN RESCUE FOR TRAFFICKING. >> [speaking foreign language] >> I DID FEEL HELPLESS DURING THE NEGOTIATIONS, BECAUSE I COULDN'T UNDERSTAND WHAT PEOPLE WERE SAYING. I COULDN'T PUT MY INPUT TO THE SITUATION. I COULDN'T REALLY DO ANYTHING, JUST SIT AND WATCH. >> WHEN I SEE THEM ON THE BOAT, YOU KNOW, FEEL THE TENSION FROM THE FISHERMEN, IT'S ALL THE SENSORY DETAILS THAT REALLY HELPED ME UNDERSTAND WHAT EXACTLY THEY'RE GOING THROUGH AND HOW ROUGH THE SITUATION REALLY IS. >> [speaking foreign language] >> [crying] [both speaking foreign language] >> THERE WAS DEFINITELY THAT FEELING OF DISAPPOINTMENT FOR ALL THE KIDS WE HAD TO LEAVE BEHIND LIKE ALEX. YOU KNOW, HE HAD COME ON THE BOAT WITH US. I WAS KIND OF ESTABLISHING A SMALL CONNECTION AT LEAST, AND THAT'S DEVASTATING, EMOTIONALLY. >> [speaking foreign language] >> THE JOB I DO HERE IS VERY DIFFICULT, AND WE WORK FOR LONG HOURS. WHENEVER IT GOT WINDY WHILE WE WERE FISHING, I WOULD JUST KEEP PRAYING OVER AND OVER THAT NOTHING BAD HAPPENED TO US. WE SOMETIMES GET LOST AND END UP SPENDING LONG HOURS BEFORE WE FIND OUR WAY BACK. >> [shouts in foreign language] >> MY MOM ALLOWED HIM TO BRING US HERE SO WE CAN LEARN HOW TO WORK AS FISHERBOYS. I WAS VERY YOUNG WHEN I WAS TAKEN AWAY FROM MY MOTHER SO I WOULD NOT BE ABLE TO RECOGNIZE HER. >> [speaking foreign language] [boat engine roaring] >> IT'S ABSOLUTELY WORTH TO RESCUE--ONE LIFE IS WORTH ANYTHING. WE DON'T KNOW WHAT KOJO WILL BECOME. KOJO COULD BE PRESIDENT OF GHANA ONE DAY. [rooster caws] [percussive music] ♪ >> THE DANCE LAST NIGHT WAS REALLY COOL. IT HAS A GOOD BEAT. THE CONDITIONS ARE A BIT HARD, AND IT'S NOT WHAT WE'RE USED TO. STAYING IN THE VILLAGE HAS BEEN--NOT MANY PEOPLE GET TO DO IT IN THEIR LIFETIME, SO IT WAS GREAT TO EXPERIENCE IT. TETTEH DECIDED TO GO WITH US ON THE RESCUE MISSION AND GO BACK TO HIS OLD VILLAGE TO HELP AND MAKE AN IMPACT. >> [speaking foreign language] >> SINCE HIS UNCLE HAS ALLOWED HIM TO GO... >> [speaking foreign language] >> I THINK IT WAS HARD FOR TETTEH TO GO BACK TO HIS OLD VILLAGE. I DON'T KNOW IF I WOULD HAVE GONE BACK. >> [speaking foreign language] >> TETTEH WAS ONE OF MY WORKERS, BUT I SUPPORTED THE IDEA OF GOING TO SCHOOL. THAT'S WHY I ALLOWED HIM TO LEAVE. I WON'T MAKE ENOUGH PROFIT IF I SHOULD HIRE ADULTS TO WORK FOR ME. I CAN STOP EMPLOYING YOUNG CHILDREN AS WORKERS, HOWEVER, I DON'T KNOW IF THE OTHERS CAN. I DON'T THINK BRINGING THE POLICEMEN TO ARREST FISHERMAN WHO ENGAGE YOUNG CHILDREN IN THEIR BUSINESS WILL PUT A STOP TO THIS. THE PARENTS DON'T HAVE THE MONEY TO SUPPORT THEMSELVES OR THEIR KIDS. THAT'S WHY THEY GIVE THEM AWAY TO WORK. >> RIGHT NOW, I FEEL STICKY, DIRTY, EXHAUSTED, BUT ACCOMPLISHED. WE'VE DONE SO MANY FUNDRAISERS, AND IT'S ALL JUST PAID OFF TODAY. >> [speaks foreign language] >> I MEAN, WE SAVED FOUR KIDS. IN THE END, WE DID A GOOD THING. >> THE TRANSITION FOR THESE KIDS MUST BE EXTREME. I MEAN, THEY'VE NEVER USED UTENSILS BEFORE. THEY'VE NEVER OPENED A DOOR BEFORE. >> [speaks foreign language] >> THEY DON'T KNOW HOW TO USE A LOCK. THEY'VE NEVER SLEPT IN BUNK BEDS. >> [speaking foreign language] >> WE USED TO SLEEP ON MATS ON THE BARE FLOOR AND THEN COVER OURSELVES WITH A PIECE OF CLOTH. HERE, I CAN SLEEP ON THE MATTRESS AND LAY MY HEAD ON A PILLOW AS WELL. EVERYTHING IS BEAUTIFUL. >> [speaks foreign language] [all chanting] >> TETTEH, HE'S COME HERE, SO NOW HE'S LIVING WITH THE KIDS AT THE CENTER TO TAKE THEM THROUGH THIS PROCESS, AND HE'S, YOU KNOW, THEIR FRIEND BUT ALSO THEIR TEACHER, AND HE'S REALLY GIVING BACK A LOT. >> THE BALL IS ON THE-- >> [speaking foreign language] >> GOING TO SCHOOL GIVES ME HOPE AND MAKES ME BELIEVE I HAVE A BETTER FUTURE. >> SO WE ARE GOING TO SING-- >> IT DOES FEEL LIKE THEY'RE AT A BETTER PLACE. I MEAN, THEY'RE COMING FROM THESE HORRIBLE, INTENSE LIVES AND COMING INTO THE COMFORT OF LOVING ARMS, AND THEY'RE GONNA GO TO SCHOOL AND PLAY WITH FRIENDS, AND IT'S A MUCH BETTER LIFE FOR THEM. >> [speaking foreign language] >> I JUST CAN'T EXPRESS HOW HAPPY I AM TO BE LIVING HERE NOW. I DON'T WANT TO LIVE WITH ANY MASTER AGAIN. >> IF SOME KIDS ARE OUT THERE, AND THEY'RE VERY INTERESTED IN MAKING A DIFFERENCE, JUST DO IT. DON'T DOUBT YOURSELF. ASK AS MANY PEOPLE FOR HELP-- I MEAN, JUST A LITTLE BIT CAN CHANGE A PERSON'S LIFE, AND AS LONG AS YOU HAVE THE DRIVE, YOU CAN DO ANYTHING. >> Ellerbee: AS WE LIKE TO SAY ON NICK NEWS, WHEREVER YOU FIND BAD THINGS HAPPENING, YOU ALWAYS FIND GOOD PEOPLE TRYING TO MAKE IT BETTER, KIDS INCLUDED. THIS SHOW PROVES THAT POINT. KOFI ANNAN FROM GHANA, DIPLOMAT, NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNER, AND FORMER SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS ONCE SAID, "YOU'VE TAUGHT YOUNG PEOPLE THAT THEY DO HAVE THE POWER TO CHANGE THE WORLD." HE SAID THAT TO BONO OF THE BAND U2. TODAY, HE MIGHT SAY THE SAME THING TO TYLER, AND TYLER MIGHT RESPOND WITH A PROVERB FROM GHANA: ACT AS IF IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO FAIL. I'M LINDA ELLERBEE. GOOD-BYE FOR NICK NEWS. >> announcer: TO FIND OUT HOW >> MY PARENTS ARE FROM SAMOA AND SRI LANKA. >> MY PARENTS ARE FROM INDIA. >> MY FAMILY IS FROM CHINA, AND I WAS BORN IN AMERICA. >> MY PARENTS ARE FROM THE PHILIPPINES. >> I'M A BANGLADESHI AMERICAN. >> CAMBODIAN AMERICAN. >> TAHITIAN AMERICAN. >> TIBETAN AMERICAN. >> JAPANESE AMERICAN. >> INDONESIAN AMERICAN. >> KOREAN AMERICAN. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. WHO AM I? ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN AND PROUD. NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN IS A BLANKET TERM THAT LUMPS TOGETHER A MULTITUDE OF HERITAGES, RELIGIONS, LANGUAGES, AND ETHNICITIES. 15 MILLION PEOPLE IDENTIFY THEMSELVES AS ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN. THEY COME FROM ALL PARTS OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ISLANDS, NEARLY 50 COUNTRIES IN ALL. THEY DO NOT ALL LOOK ALIKE, SOUND ALIKE, OR SHARE THE SAME BELIEFS, AND YET, OTHERS TEND TO SEE THEM ALL AS THE SAME, CALLING KOREAN AMERICAN CHINESE AND CHINESE AMERICANS JAPANESE; CONFUSING INDIANS WITH PAKISTANIS, HAWAIIANS WITH FILIPINOS WITH MALAYSIANS. MAY IS ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN HERITAGE MONTH IN THE U.S., WHICH MEANS IT'S A GOOD TIME TO GET TO KNOW AND TO CELEBRATE ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICANS. >> I DON'T THINK PEOPLE ALWAYS THINK OF INDIA WHEN THEY THINK OF ASIA, EVEN THOUGH IT'S GOT THE SECOND MOST POPULATION IN ASIA. PEOPLE THINK OF COUNTRIES LIKE CHINA OR JAPAN. I'M MAHEEMA. I'M 13, AND I'M FROM WOODBURY, MINNESOTA. I'M A FIRST GENERATION INDIAN AMERICAN BECAUSE MY PARENTS BOTH WERE BORN AND BROUGHT UP IN INDIA, AND THEY CAME HERE, AND THEN THEY HAD ME. MY FAMILY IS MAINLY DIFFERENT, I GUESS, BECAUSE WE FOLLOW A LOT OF TRADITIONS FROM INDIA. WE EAT INDIAN FOOD ALMOST EVERY DAY. WE DO CELEBRATE A LOT OF THE INDIAN HOLIDAYS. ALMOST EVERY STATE IN INDIA HAS SOMEWHAT OF A DIFFERENT LANGUAGE. HINDI IS ONE OF THE MOST USED LANGUAGES. [speaking Hindi] I SPEAK MAINLY HINDI AND ENGLISH. I GUESS YOU COULD SAY I SPEAK HINGLISH. WE USUALLY TAKE TRIPS TO INDIA EVERY OTHER YEAR, AND THEY'RE ANYWHERE FROM, LIKE, THREE WEEKS TO THREE MONTHS. INDIA IS REALLY, REALLY DIFFERENT, ESPECIALLY FROM AMERICA. I THINK IT'S REALLY FUN. I THINK IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT FOR ME TO MAINTAIN MY INDIAN HERITAGE, BECAUSE IT'S WHO I AM, AND WHO MY PARENTS ARE EVEN MORE. I THINK IT KEEPS ME GROUNDED. THERE ARE, LIKE, ONLY TWO INDIAN KIDS IN MY SCHOOL, BUT I DON'T FEEL DIFFERENT. I FEEL I FIT IN AS MUCH AS ANYONE ELSE. THE THINGS I HAVE IN COMMON WITH MY SCHOOL FRIENDS ARE MORE THE CLASSES WE TAKE. WE'RE KIND OF WEIRD, AND WE'RE ALL NERDY, WHICH, BASICALLY, IS HOW WE BECAME ALL FRIENDS. I BASICALLY HAVE TWO GROUPS. ONE FOR ME AND MY AMERICAN FRIENDS, AND THEN MY SILC FRIENDS. SILC STANDS FOR SCHOOL OF INDIA FOR LANGUAGES AND CULTURE. [singing Hindi] IT'S BASICALLY WHERE KIDS GO FOR ABOUT THREE OR FOUR HOURS EVERY WEEKEND. THEY HAVE HINDI, WHICH IS WHAT I'VE BEEN TAKING. >> [speaking Hindi] >> WE LEARN MAINLY ABOUT THE HISTORY OF INDIA, LIKE, THE INDEPENDENCE, WHICH I THINK IS REALLY COOL. THE BIGGEST THING THAT I HAVE IN COMMON WITH MY SILC FRIENDS IS THAT WE'RE ALL INDIAN. AND I'VE KNOWN THEM FOR YEARS, SO I'M REALLY CLOSE WITH THEM. WITH MY SCHOOL FRIENDS, YOU HAVE TO LOOK MORE TO FIND THINGS IN COMMON. IT'S NOT AS EASY. THERE'S BASICALLY JUST TWO DIFFERENT PARTS OF MY LIFE. I REALLY JUST LOVE MY AMERICAN CULTURE AND MY INDIAN CULTURE. AND I'M NOT SURE EVERYONE GETS THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE THAT CLOSE TO THEIR HERITAGE. >> I FEEL A CONNECTION TO MY HERITAGE WHEN I'M DOING A LION DANCE BECAUSE IT'S A PART OF MY CULTURE AND IT'S ALSO SOMETHING THAT I LOVE TO DO. MY NAME IS JUSTIN. I AM 13 YEARS OLD. I LIVE IN NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA. SOME PEOPLE MAY NOT THINK OF NEW ORLEANS WHEN THEY THINK OF VIETNAMESE AMERICANS, BUT THERE'S A LOT OF VIETNAMESE AMERICANS THAT LIVE DOWN HERE. MY PARENTS WERE ABOUT MY AGE WHEN THEY CAME FROM VIETNAM TO THE UNITED STATES AS A RESULT OF THE VIETNAM WAR. >> [speaking Vietnamese] AT HOME I MOSTLY SPEAK ENGLISH, BUT ON SOME OCCASIONS MY MOM AND MY DAD TALK TO US IN VIETNAMESE TO TEACH US NEW WORDS. DURING THE DAY I FEEL MORE AMERICAN BECAUSE I'M MAINLY AT SCHOOL. EVEN THOUGH THERE'S NOT A LOT OF VIETNAMESE AMERICANS AT MY SCHOOL, I FEEL LIKE I CAN FIT IN WITH THEM AND, LIKE, EVEN THOUGH I'M DIFFERENT, I HAVE A LOT OF SIMILARITIES. VERSAILLES IS A NEIGHBORHOOD IN NEW ORLEANS, AND IT HAS AN ABUNDANT POPULATION OF VIETNAMESE AMERICANS. IT'S LIKE A MINIATURE VERSION OF VIETNAM. MY BROTHER AND I ARE BOTH ON THE VIETNAMESE LION DANCE TEAM. IT'S LIKE DRAGON DANCE FROM THE CHINESE CULTURE, BUT IN OUR VERSION THERE'S A STORY. THERE WAS AN EVIL SPIRIT THAT USED TO HAUNT A VIETNAMESE VILLAGE, AND WHEN THEY FOUGHT BACK USING THE LION DANCE, THE EVIL SPIRIT WENT AWAY FOREVER. SOME PEOPLE ARE SURPRISED WHEN THEY SEE A LION DANCE PERFORMANCE, BECAUSE IT'S REALLY MORE ATHLETIC THAN YOU WOULD EXPECT. WHEN I'M UP IN THE AIR, IT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE I CAN FLY. LIKE, IT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE I'M LITERALLY GLIDING IN THE AIR. WHEN I PERFORM, I FEEL GOOD BECAUSE I'M BRINGING JOY TO MY NEIGHBORS AND TO MY OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS. IT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE I'M RESPONSIBLE FOR THE VIETNAMESE CULTURE, AND I'M REPRESENTING EVERYONE THAT'S VIETNAMESE AMERICAN. >> BEING AMERICAN, TO ME, IS ACCEPTING THAT WE ALL CAME FROM SOMEWHERE AND WE ALL DESERVE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY. MY NAME IS RIKI. I'M 14 YEARS OLD, AND I'M FROM SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA. I AM YONSEI, WHICH MEANS FOURTH GENERATION JAPANESE AMERICAN. MY GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS CAME HERE FROM JAPAN FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND A BETTER LIFE. THERE'S A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SOMEONE WHOSE PARENTS ARE FROM JAPAN, AND SOMEONE, LIKE ME, WHO, MY PARENTS AND THEIR GRANDPARENTS HAVE BEEN LIVING IN AMERICA. PEOPLE WHOSE PARENTS ARE FROM JAPAN, THEIR PARENTS TRY TO INSTILL THE JAPANESE IN THEM. THEY USUALLY SPEAK JAPANESE TO THEIR PARENTS AND GRANDPARENTS AND FRIENDS, AND I SPEAK ENGLISH. >> NOW, THIS PICTURE HERE IS INTERESTING. >> I FEEL MORE CONNECTED TO MY JAPANESE HERITAGE WHEN I'M ACTUALLY WITH MY GRANDPARENTS. MY GRANDPARENTS AND THE REST OF THEIR FAMILY WERE SENT TO INTERNMENT CAMPS. THE INTERNMENT CAMPS WERE BASICALLY, LIKE, SIMILAR TO PRISONS. IN 1941, JAPAN ATTACKED THE UNITED STATES. >> SINCE THE UNPROVOKED AND DASTARDLY ATTACK BY JAPAN, A STATE OF WAR HAS EXISTED BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE JAPANESE EMPIRE. >> THE U.S. GOVERNMENT SAW PEOPLE OF JAPANESE DESCENT, OR JAPANESE AMERICANS, WHETHER OR NOT THEY WERE CITIZENS, AS THE ENEMY. THEY SAW THEM AS A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES, SO PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT GAVE EXECUTE ORDER 9066 TO PUT THEM INTO INTERNMENT CAMPS, OR AS MY GRANDFATHER LIKES TO SAY, INCARCERATION. >> IT'S AWFULLY TOUGH TO LOOK UP AT THE FENCE THERE AND SEE A GUY WITH A MACHINE GUN... >> both: POINTED AT YOU. >> YEAH. IT'S AWFULLY HARD TO TAKE. >> I'M REALLY INTERESTED IN TALKING TO MY GRANDPARENTS ABOUT INTERNMENT CAMP. IT AFFECTS ME BECAUSE I TREAT PEOPLE DIFFERENTLY THAN HOW I WOULD IF I WASN'T JAPANESE OR IF MY GRANDPARENTS DIDN'T GO TO INTERNMENT CAMPS. I TRY TO TREAT PEOPLE WITH A LOT OF RESPECT, AND I TRY TO TREAT MYSELF WITH A LOT OF RESPECT. I PERSONALLY CELEBRATE MY HERITAGE EVERY DAY IN THE LITTLE THINGS THAT I DO AND JUST BEING MYSELF. >> I AM ABSOLUTELY PROUD TO BE FILIPINO AMERICAN. I AM ASHLEY ARGOTA. I AM AN ACTRESS. I PLAY KELLY ON BUCKET AND SKINNER'S EPIC ADVENTURES, AND I AM FILIPINO AMERICAN. I FEEL SO BLESSED TO LIVE IN AMERICA. I MEAN, I HAVE SO MUCH FREEDOM HERE, AND I HAVE SO MANY OPPORTUNITIES THAT I WOULDN'T GET IF I LIVED IN THE PHILIPPINES, BUT I ALSO GET TO KEEP THE VALUES AND THE CULTURE THAT MY FAMILY HAS TAUGHT ME. BEING FILIPINO, WE ARE VERY HOSPITABLE, VERY RESPECTFUL OF OUR ELDERS. MY HOUSEHOLD IS THE KIND OF PLACE, LIKE, IF YOU COME TO OUR HOUSE, WE HAVE FOOD LAID OUT FOR YOU. IT'S A PLACE TO STAY. WE ACTUALLY CALL EVERYBODY--PRETTY MUCH ALL OF OUR CLOSE FRIENDS AND FAMILY--WE CALL THEM AUNTS AND UNCLES, SO WHEN I WAS LITTLE I DIDN'T REALLY KNOW, LIKE, WHO MY ACTUAL AUNT AND UNCLES WERE. I ASSUMED THAT EVERYBODY WAS FAMILY TO ME. FILIPINOS PRIMARILY SPEAK TAGALOG, WHICH, UNFORTUNATELY, I CAN'T SPEAK, BUT I UNDERSTAND A LOT OF IT. I GET MESSAGES FROM FILIPINO KIDS ALL THE TIME. THEY'RE ALWAYS LIKE, FIRST QUESTION OUT OF THEIR MOUTH WILL BE, "ARE YOU FILIPINO?" AND WHEN I SAY, "YES," THEY IMMEDIATELY FLIP OUT, AND THEY GET SO EXCITED. I'VE NEVER HAD A FILIPINO ROLE MODEL TO LOOK UP TO, SO FOR ME TO KIND OF BE THAT PERSON IS REALLY A BLESSING. >> I WISH THAT KIDS UNDERSTOOD HOW HARD IT IS TO BE AN ASIAN AMERICAN, ESPECIALLY FIRST GENERATION. I FEEL LIKE I'M IN TWO DIFFERENT WORLDS. MY NAME IS MELISSA. I'M 15 YEARS OLD, AND I'M LAOTIAN AMERICAN. LAOS IS IN THE BORDER OF CHINA, THAILAND, CAMBODIA, AND VIETNAM. IT'S A BEAUTIFUL COUNTRY, AND IT HAS A RICH CULTURE, MY PARENTS CAME HERE TO SEARCH THE AMERICAN DREAM AND EARN ENOUGH MONEY TO HAVE A GOOD LIFE. I FEEL MORE LAOTIAN WHEN I'M HOME BECAUSE WE USUALLY EAT ON THE FLOOR, AND WE ALSO EAT TRADITIONAL LAO FOOD. [speaking Lao] >> MY PARENTS SPEAK A MIX OF LAO AND ENGLISH TO TALK TO ME, AND I REPLY BACK IN ENGLISH. I DON'T HAVE ANY HOMEWORK, I JUST HAVE PROJECTS. IT'S A BARRIER WITH THE LANGUAGE DIFFERENCE BECAUSE WE CAN'T SAY A LOT OF THINGS TO EACH OTHER WITH THE WORDS WE USE. THE MINUTE I START GETTING READY FOR SCHOOL I FEEL MORE AMERICAN. AROUND MY FRIENDS I CAN SPEAK OUT MY THOUGHTS. I'M LESS SURROUNDED BY THE CULTURE, AND I'M JUST TALKING ENGLISH, AND LAO ISN'T IN MY HEAD. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, IT WAS HARD GROWING UP WITH BULLYING BECAUSE OF MY RACE. I'M USUALLY THE ONLY ASIAN IN MY CLASS. IT MAKES ME FEEL MORE UNIQUE, BUT IT'S ALSO HARD BECAUSE I CAN'T RELATE TO ANYBODY IN MY CLASS. IN ASIAN AMERICAN CLUB, WE TRY TO BRING OUR CULTURE INTO THE SCHOOL. IT'S A SMALL CLUB, BUT IT'S ALSO DIVERSE. THE FRIENDS IN OUR CLUB, THEY KNOW THAT WE'RE DIFFERENT AND UNIQUE. I REALLY WANT TO DO FASHION, BE A DESIGNER, BUT MY PARENTS WOULD LIKE ME TO BE A DENTIST, A LAWYER, OR A DOCTOR. EVERY TIME THEY SEE MY GRADES SLIPPING, THEY REALLY WANT ME TO GET BACK TO AN "A" OR A A-PLUS. THEY EXPECT ME TO COME BACK AFTER COLLEGE. THEY WANT ME TO TAKE CARE OF THEM AND HELP THEM. IT'S A LOT OF PRESSURE. IT'S IMPORTANT TO EMBRACE THE LAOTIAN SIDE OF ME, SINCE I AM THE FIRST GENERATION OF MY FAMILY TO BE IN AMERICA. IF I KEEP BECOMING AMERICAN, I'M GONNA LOSE MY BACKGROUND AND SO ARE MY CHILDREN AND THEIR CHILDREN. >> Ellerbee: MUSIC PRODIGIES, SMART AND HARDWORKING, GREAT AT MATH, BAD AT SPORTS, QUIET AND SHY, COMPUTER GEEKS: ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN KIDS ARE NO STRANGERS TO STEREOTYPES AND PREJUDICE. THEY DEAL WITH STEREOTYPES ON A REGULAR BASIS, OFTEN FIGHTING A PERSONAL BATTLE TO DISPROVE SOME OF THEM AND LIVE UP TO OTHERS. HERE, NOW ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICANS SET US STRAIGHT ABOUT WHAT'S TRUE, WHAT'S NOT, AND HOW IT FEELS WHEN PEOPLE MAKE SILLY JUDGMENTS ABOUT THEM. >> SOME KIDS THINK THAT BECAUSE I'M FILIPINO THAT I EAT FOOD WITH MY HANDS OR THAT I EAT DOGS. >> PEOPLE AUTOMATICALLY THINK THAT WE'RE CANNIBALS OR SAVAGES. >> THEY WOULD ASK FOR KARATE LESSONS. THEY WILL ALSO CALL ME A NINJA. >> INDIAN PEOPLE ARE REALLY CHEAP. WE SPEAK WITH A FUNNY ACCENT. >> BEING CALLED A DIRTY JAP. >> CHINKY EYES OR SQUINTY EYES. >> THEY AUTOMATICALLY ASSUME THAT I'M A SUPER GENIUS. >> KIDS SOMETIMES MAKE FUN OF THE ASIAN LANGUAGE, SAYING, "CHING, CHANG, CHUNG." I WOULD PREFER KIDS TO TREAT ME JUST LIKE THEM, NO STEREOTYPES, NO RACIST COMMENTS, NO, JUST FRIENDS. >> WHEN I HEAR STEREOTYPES AGAINST INDIANS OR INDIAN AMERICANS, IT MAKES ME FEEL THAT THEY'RE IGNORANT, AND THEY DON'T KNOW MUCH ABOUT MY CULTURE AND THAT WE HAVE TO TEACH THEM. >> PEOPLE SAY THAT WE ARE GOOD AT MATH, AND THEY JUST ASSUME THAT WE'RE NOT GOOD AT SPORTS. >> WHEN PEOPLE THINK OF PROFESSIONAL ATHLETES, THEY DON'T REALLY THINK OF SOMEBODY THAT LOOKS LIKE ME. IT JUST URGES ME TO PLAY BASKETBALL MORE AND PRACTICE MORE, SO THEY JUST THINK, LIKE, OH, I WAS WRONG ABOUT THAT KID. I'M MATTIE. I'M 11, AND I'M FROM SAN JOSE, CALIFORNIA. WHEN PEOPLE ASK ME WHAT I AM, I'D SAY I'M HALF JAPANESE AND HALF CHINESE. MY MOM CAME TO AMERICA FROM JAPAN, AND MY DAD CAME FROM CHINA TO AMERICA. I'M THE FIRST IN OUR FAMILY TO BE BORN IN AMERICA, WHICH MAKES ME THE FIRST GENERATION. I'M GRATEFUL THAT MY PARENTS CAME TO AMERICA BECAUSE IT MADE LIFE EASIER ON ME. BEING THE FIRST GENERATION MEANS THAT I CAN HAVE A DIFFERENT EXPERIENCE AND KIND OF PASS THAT DOWN TO DIFFERENT GENERATIONS. PEOPLE ASSUME THAT, LIKE, IF YOU'RE AN ASIAN AMERICAN, YOU'RE NOT GONNA BE GOOD AT A CERTAIN SPORT, 'CAUSE YOU DON'T HAVE THE ATHLETIC ABILITY OR SOMETHING. I'M PRETTY ATHLETIC, AND I'M PRETTY COMPETITIVE. YOU KNOW, I DON'T LIKE TO LOSE. I'M ON THE SAN JOSE NINJAS, WHICH IS AN ASIAN AMERICAN TEAM THAT GOES FROM SIXTH GRADE TO SENIOR YEAR. YOU KNOW, ASIAN AMERICAN PEOPLE SOMETIMES GET LEFT OUT A LOT IN SPORTS, SO THEY MADE THE ASIAN AMERICAN LEAGUE TO HELP SUPPORT THESE KIDS. IT'S IMPORTANT, BECAUSE IT COULD HELP KIDS, YOU KNOW, KIND OF BOND WITH OTHER PEOPLE THAT HAVE GONE THROUGH WHAT THEY'VE GONE THROUGH. I FEEL MORE COMFORTABLE PLAYING AGAINST THESE PLAYERS BECAUSE YOU FIT IN MORE. LIKE, YOU'RE NOT GONNA BE THE ONLY PERSON ON THE TEAM THAT'S ASIAN AMERICAN. EVERYBODY IS USUALLY THE SAME HEIGHT AND THE SAME STRENGTH AND ALL THAT. PLAYING ON THE NINJAS IS JUST A REALLY BIG HONOR BECAUSE ONLY SO MANY PLAYERS GET PICKED TO THESE TEAMS, SO IT WAS PRETTY ELITE. MY CHANCES OF MAKING PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL IS NOT THAT BIG, BUT, STILL, IF YOU KEEP ON TRYING AND PRACTICING AND WORKING AT IT, YOU STILL ALWAYS HAVE A CHANCE TO MAKE PROFESSIONAL. I KNOW I'M GONNA HAVE TO DODGE A LOT OF WORDS AND STEREOTYPES, BUT IF I KEEP ON WORKING AT IT AND KEEP ON PRACTICING AT THE SPORT, THEN I HAVE A PRETTY DECENT CHANCE. >> I WISH THERE WERE MORE CHINESE AMERICANS IN MOVIES OR ON TV. >> ON TV, I VERY RARELY SEE PEOPLE THAT LOOK LIKE ME AT ALL. >> WHEN I WAS GROWING UP, I NEVER REMEMBER SEEING INDIAN PEOPLE ON TV, UNLESS, LIKE, A CHARACTER WENT TO INDIA OR IT WAS, LIKE, JAMES BOND AND HE WAS IN INDIA, OR, LIKE, THERE WAS, LIKE, GANDHI FOOTAGE. MY NAME IS AZIZ ANSARI. I'M A COMEDIAN AND ACTOR, AND I'M INDIAN AMERICAN. I WAS BORN IN SOUTH CAROLINA. THERE'S DEFINITELY NOT A LOT OF INDIANS IN SOUTH CAROLINA. THAT'S NOT, LIKE, THE GO-TO HOT SPOT FOR INDIAN PEOPLE IN AMERICA. WHEN I FIRST STARTED ACTING, INITIALLY THE ROLES I GOT OFFERED WERE VERY STEREOTYPICAL, YOU KNOW, GUY AT THE GAS STATION, CAB DRIVER, ALL THAT STUFF, BUT I ALWAYS TURNED THOSE ROLES DOWN, AND I WOULD JUST PLAY CHARACTERS THAT I THOUGHT WERE FUNNY, WHOSE HUMOR DIDN'T RELY JUST ON ETHNIC STEREOTYPE JOKES. IN MY STAND-UP, I DON'T LIKE TO WRITE ABOUT, LIKE, OH, AND THEN I SLIPPED ON SOME CURRY AND LANDED ON A CHAPATI. YOU KNOW, LIKE, THAT IS BORING TO ME. YOU SHOULD WRITE A CHARACTER THAT'S JUST FUNNY AND LET AN INDIAN PERSON PLAY IT. DON'T WRITE A FUNNY INDIAN CHARACTER. >> BEING FILIPINO, BEING ASIAN, IT IS A LITTLE BIT HARDER TO GET ROLES IN HOLLYWOOD. THEY DON'T OFFER A LOT OF ROLES TO ASIANS. I MEAN, A LOT OF TIMES YOU'LL GET CASTING BREAKDOWN SHEETS, AND THEY'LL GIVE YOU THE DESCRIPTION FOR A ROLE, AND I CAN SEE IT, AND I'M LIKE, "OH, I CAN TOTALLY DO THAT." AND THEN YOU KEEP LOOKING, AND IT SAYS, "WE'RE LOOKING FOR CAUCASIAN ACTRESSES," WHICH IS JUST WHITE ACTRESSES, WHICH I THINK IS KIND OF UNFAIR 'CAUSE SOME ROLES I'D REALLY LIKE TO AUDITION FOR AND I THINK THAT THEY SHOULD BRANCH OUT AND GIVE OTHER PEOPLE SOME CHANCES. >> EVERY YOUNG ACTOR TRYING TO MAKE IT IN HOLLYWOOD FACES ALL KINDS OF BARRIERS, BUT FOR ASIAN AMERICANS, IT'S PARTICULARLY CHALLENGING. I'M GEORGE TAKEI, A JAPANESE AMERICAN, AND I'M AN ACTOR. WHEN I STARTED OUT IN HOLLYWOOD, THERE WERE VERY FEW OPPORTUNITIES. SOMETIMES I WAS REJECTED BECAUSE I WAS TOO ASIAN. OR OTHER TIMES I'M REJECTED BECAUSE I'M NOT ASIAN ENOUGH. I TRY TO AVOID REALLY OFFENSIVE KIND OF ROLES, AND I WAS FAIRLY LUCKY IN THAT RESPECT. WE STILL HAVE A LONG WAYS TO GO, BUT WE HAVE COME A LONG WAYS TO THIS POINT. >> Ellerbee: BEING AMERICAN MEANS MORE THAN BEING A U.S. CITIZEN. BEING AMERICAN IS ABOUT SEEING OURSELVES REFLECTED IN THE FACES OF PEOPLE WHO MAY LOOK DIFFERENT AND SPEAK DIFFERENT LANGUAGES, WHO MAY PURSUE DIFFERENT DREAMS. THAT TOO IS BEING AMERICAN. AND ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN HERITAGE MONTH GIVES ALL OF US ANOTHER CHANCE TO BE PROUD OF ALL OF US. >> I'M INDONESIAN AMERICAN, AND IT MAKES ME FEEL SPECIAL BECAUSE I'M THE ONLY ONE WHO IS INDONESIAN AMERICAN AT MY SCHOOL, AND IT'S KIND OF LIKE THERE'S JUST, LIKE, A PART OF ME THAT, LIKE, NO ONE ELSE CAN TOUCH, 'CAUSE THEY CAN'T, LIKE, DECLINE MY HERITAGE. >> I'M PROUD TO BE SAMOAN AND SRI LANKAN BECAUSE I HAVE GOT TO EXPERIENCE ALL THESE DIFFERENT THINGS IN AMERICA, BUT MY MOM AND DAD HAVE DEFINITELY EXPOSED ME TO THAT KIND OF CULTURE. AND SO IT'S A GREAT EXPERIENCE FOR ME. >> I'M PROUD TO BE A FILIPINO BECAUSE, BEING A FILIPINO, IT'S LIKE YOU'RE FAMILY WITH OTHER FILIPINOS. LIKE, WHEN YOU MEET SOMEONE, IT'S LIKE, "OH, HEY, YOU'RE FILIPINO? I'M FILIPINO TOO." IT JUST GIVES YOU A SENSE OF PRIDE. >> I FEEL A CONNECTION TO INDIA, 'CAUSE THAT'S MY HERITAGE. THAT'S MY CULTURE, AND I'M PROUD OF IT. >> IT'S IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER WHO YOU ARE TODAY AND WHO YOU WERE WHERE YOU ARE FROM. I'M AN AMERICAN, AND I'M FROM PAKISTAN. THAT'S WHO I AM. >> I DON'T THINK I'VE EVER HEARD OF ASIAN HERITAGE MONTH BEFORE, WHICH I THINK IS REALLY COOL, 'CAUSE THERE ARE A LOT OF ASIANS HERE NOW. >> IT MEANS TO ME THAT ASIAN AMERICANS ARE RECOGNIZED, AND THEY'RE NOT LEFT OUT. >> WE HAVE MONTHS FOR ALMOST ALL HERITAGES AND BACKGROUNDS, SO I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT TO CELEBRATE EACH ONE SO THAT WE LIFT UP ALL PEOPLE. AND WHEN WE LIFT UP ALL PEOPLE, >> BAN FRACKING NOW! BAN FRACKING NOW! >> PUT NEW YORK! >> crowd: BACK TO WORK! >> PUT NEW YORK! >> crowd: BACK TO WORK! >> Ellerbee: WHAT'S ALL THE FUSS ABOUT FRACKING? >> I'VE HEARD THAT PEOPLE CAN SET THEIR WATER ON FIRE, AND ANIMALS HAVE BEEN DYING FROM DRINKING WATER AND CONTAMINATED GRASS. >> WE HAVE TWO WELLS ON OUR PLACE. WE'VE NEVER HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE DRILLING OR THE FRACKING. >> I'M TERRIFIED ABOUT WHAT WE DON'T KNOW ABOUT HYDROFRACKING. >> male announcer: THIS IS NICK NEWS WITH LINDA ELLERBEE. NOW FROM NEW YORK, HERE IS LINDA ELLERBEE. >> Ellerbee: FRACKING. EVEN THE WORD SOUNDS WEIRD. BUT FRACKING IS SOMETHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT. ACTUALLY, IT'S A PROCESS. HYDRAULIC FRACTURING, OR FRACKING, IS A CONTROVERSIAL BUT SUCCESSFUL TECHNIQUE TO GET NATURAL GAS AND OIL OUT OF UNDERGROUND ROCK FORMATIONS. THOSE IN FAVOR OF FRACKING SAY IT'S A SAFE PROCESS THAT'S BRINGING JOBS AND ENERGY INDEPENDENCE TO AMERICA. THOSE AGAINST SAY OUR AIR AND DRINKING WATER ARE GETTING CONTAMINATED, AND IT JUST ISN'T WORTH THE RISK TO THE ENVIRONMENT. SEE WHAT YOU THINK. [soft instrumental music] ♪ >> WHEN YOU'RE DRIVING AROUND TOWN, YOU JUST SEE ROWS OF FRACKING DRILLS, AND THERE ARE MANY TANKS THAT HAVE BEEN FENCED OFF, AND THEY HAVE THE DANGER SIGNS. NO ONE KNOWS WHAT'S IN THEM. IT'S JUST ANGERING TO SEE HOW WE'RE DESTROYING THE LAND WITH THIS. MY NAME IS KELSEY. I'M 13 YEARS OLD, AND I LIVE IN WELD COUNTY, COLORADO. >> I THINK FRACKING'S GOOD FOR THE COUNTRY. INSTEAD OF HAVING TO IMPORT OIL FROM COUNTRIES LIKE IRAQ, WE HAVE IT HERE IN AMERICA. WE'RE BECOMING ENERGY INDEPENDENT. MY NAME IS PEYTON. I'M 13, AND I LIVE IN WELD COUNTY. WELD COUNTY IS FARMLAND. IT'S OIL LAND AND GAS LAND. MY DAD, HE HAULS WATER IN A WATER TANKER TO THE FRACKING SITES. BY MY HOUSE, THERE IS THREE NATURAL GAS WELLS. >> Ellerbee: THAT'S 3 OF ABOUT 20,000 OIL AND NATURAL GAS WELLS IN WELD COUNTY, COLORADO, WHERE THERE ARE MORE WELLS THAN ANY OTHER COUNTY IN THE U.S. THAT'S BECAUSE BELOW WELD IS THE NIOBRARA SHALE FORMATION, WHICH IS BEING TAPPED FOR ITS RICH SUPPLY OF NATURAL GAS AND OIL. >> I THINK THAT'S COOL THAT WE'VE FRACKED THAT MUCH AND WE'RE PRODUCING THAT MUCH OIL AND NATURAL GAS. IT'S MAKING THE ECONOMY BETTER BY LOWERING NATURAL GAS PRICES. I LIKE TO SEE HOW FAR TECHNOLOGY HAS COME. >> Ellerbee: FRACKING IS NOT NEW, BUT THE WAY THEY'RE FRACKING IS. A WELL IS DRILLED, FIRST DOWN, THEN SIDEWAYS THROUGH SHALE, A FORM OF ROCK. A PERFORATING GUN CRACKS THE SHALE. NEXT, MILLIONS OF GALLONS OF WATER, SAND, AND CHEMICALS ARE PUMPED INTO THE SHALE AT HIGH PRESSURE, FURTHER FRACTURING THE ROCK IN ORDER TO RELEASE OIL AND NATURAL GAS TRAPPED IN THE SHALE FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS. >> THE DEBATE THAT'S GOING ON IN THIS COUNTRY RIGHT NOW WITH RESPECT TO SHALE GAS AND SHALE OIL IS VERY SIMPLE. IT'S A LOT OF MONEY RELATIVELY QUICKLY FOR A RELATIVELY SMALL NUMBER OF PEOPLE VERSUS THE RISK TO THE ENVIRONMENT, THE RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH, AND RISK TO THE CLIMATE. MY NAME IS TONY INGRAFFEA, AND I'M A PROFESSOR OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY IN ITHACA, NEW YORK. THE RISKS WE KNOW ABOUT FOR SURE THAT HAVE BEEN DOCUMENTED BY VARIOUS STATE AGENCIES ARE SPILLS OF THE CHEMICALS AND OF THE WASTE FLUID THAT CAN BACK UP FROM THE FRACKING PROCESS. PRIVATE WATER WELLS HAVE BEEN RUINED, AND RIVERS AND CREEKS HAVE BEEN RENDERED UNDRINKABLE FOR SOME PERIODS OF TIME. THERE'S ALSO LEAKAGE OF THE NATURAL GAS, CALLED METHANE. AND METHANE, LIKE CARBON DIOXIDE, IS ALSO A GREENHOUSE GAS, WHICH MAKES CLIMATE CHANGE WORSE. >> Ellerbee: THAT'S WHAT ONE SIDE SAYS. HERE'S WHAT THE OTHER SIDE SAYS. >> OFFICIALS HAVE BEEN UNSUCCESSFUL IN FINDING CHEMICALS IN WATER THAT WERE PUT THERE AS A RESULT OF FRACKING. MY NAME IS TERRY ENGELDER. I'M A PROFESSOR OF GEOSCIENCES AT THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY. BASICALLY, WHAT THAT MEANS IS, I'M A GEOLOGIST. WE ENJOY HEAT. WE ENJOY ELECTRICITY. WE ENJOY BEING ABLE TO DRIVE VEHICLES. ALL OF THOSE PROCESSES REQUIRE ENERGY, AND THAT ENERGY HAS TO COME FROM SOMEPLACE. THE DRILLING AND FRACKING PROCESS WILL ALWAYS HAVE A RISK INVOLVED. IN MY VIEW, THEN THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE--THE BIGGEST RISK IF YOU LIKE--IS THE LEAKING OF METHANE INTO THE ATMOSPHERE DURING THE DRILLING PROCESS. AND THERE IS ROOM FOR THE INDUSTRY TO LEARN HOW TO DO THIS BETTER. THEY CAN AND WILL, I HAVE NO DOUBT, DO THAT. >> FROM OUR SCHOOL, YOU CAN JUST LOOK OUT THE WINDOWS AND SEE THE WELLS. AND I AM WORRIED ABOUT THE FACT THAT THEY ARE VERY CLOSE TO HOMES. I'M SCARED ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT. I'M MOST AFRAID OF THE POLLUTANTS. >> LIVING SO CLOSE TO WELD COUNTY HAS REALLY SCARED ME, AND I DON'T WANT THAT TO HAPPEN IN MY COMMUNITY. I'M MOLLY. I'M 13, AND I LIVE ON A FARM ON THE BORDER OF WELD COUNTY IN LONGMONT, COLORADO. THEY PUSH THE WATER DOWN INTO THE GROUND, AND THEY MIX IT WITH SAND AND CHEMICALS, AND SO THAT WATER IS RUINED, AND WE CAN'T USE IT ANYMORE. AND I THINK ONE OF THE THINGS THAT PEOPLE DON'T REALIZE IS THAT OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION HAPPENS NEAR FARMS WHERE FOOD IS GROWN, AND IF THOSE THINGS EVER HAPPENED TO CROSS PATHS, THAT COULD REALLY AFFECT THE FOOD THAT WE EAT, NOT JUST THE ANIMALS BUT US TOO. OUR COMMUNITY DIDN'T WANT FRACKING TO COME HERE, SO WE FOUGHT TO GET IT BANNED. I'VE GONE TO SOME OF THE COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS, PROTEST RALLIES, AND I FEEL LIKE I DID MY PART BECAUSE WE DID GET IT BANNED. LONGMONT SAID, "YOU KNOW WHAT? THIS ISN'T OKAY. WE DON'T WANT THE OIL AND GAS PEOPLE TO COME HERE." >> WITHOUT FRACKING, NOT MUCH NATURAL GAS OR OIL WOULD BE PRODUCED FROM THE GROUND. I'M BEN. I'M 14 YEARS OLD. I LIVE IN CENTENNIAL, COLORADO, WHICH IS ABOUT 20 MILES AWAY FROM WELD COUNTY. I WOULD SUPPORT FRACKING OR DRILLING FOR NATURAL GAS IF IT CAME HERE TO CENTENNIAL. I THINK IT'S A COMPLETE WASTE NOT TO FRACK OR DRILL FOR NATURAL GAS BECAUSE WE HAVE THAT RESOURCE HERE, AND I THINK WE SHOULD GET AS MUCH OF IT AS WE CAN. OIL, NATURAL GAS, AND COAL ARE ALL EXAMPLES OF FOSSIL FUELS, BUT NATURAL GAS IS A LOT CLEANER. IT HAS LESS EMISSIONS INTO THE ATMOSPHERE. >> NATURAL GAS MIGHT BE THE CLEANEST COMPARED TO THE OTHER FOSSIL FUELS, BUT THAT DOESN'T MEAN IT'S CLEAN. IT JUST MEANS IT'S CLEANER, AND THAT'S THE CATCH. [soft instrumental music] ♪ >> WHEN I WAS IN SIXTH GRADE, THEY STARTED THE GAS WELL ON OUR PLACE. AT FIRST, WE WERE A LITTLE NERVOUS AT THE TIME, BUT IT WAS A NEW KIND OF ADVENTURE. I'M JENNY. I'M 15 YEARS OLD, AND I'M FROM MONTROSE, PENNSYLVANIA. [machine clicks and hisses] WE HAVE TWO WELLS ON OUR PLACE. THE GAS COMPANY WANTED TO DRILL HERE BECAUSE WE HAVE A LOT OF MARCELLUS SHALE AROUND HERE. >> Ellerbee: SOME EXPERTS SAY THE MARCELLUS SHALE FORMATION HOLDS SO MUCH NATURAL GAS IT COULD BECOME THE SECOND LARGEST NATURAL GAS FIELD IN THE ENTIRE WORLD. >> WE'RE FIRST-GENERATION DAIRY FARMERS. THERE'S QUITE A BIT OF LAND. MY DAD SIGNED A LEASE FOR THE GAS PEOPLE TO DRILL ON OUR FARM. LEASING IS KIND OF LIKE RENTING. IT'S BEEN GOOD FOR OUR FAMILY BECAUSE WE FEEL LIKE WE HAVEN'T BEEN STRUGGLING AS MUCH AS WE DID. WE JUST GOT A NEW ROOF, AND ALSO WE'VE PAID OFF DEBT FOR OUR FARM. >> FRACKING'S IMPORTANT BECAUSE RIGHT NOW WE HAVE A LOT OF DEPENDENCY ON FOREIGN OIL, AND, LIKE, THAT GIVES THE OTHER COUNTRIES POWER OVER US, AND ALSO OUR ECONOMY'S NOT DOING WELL, AND IT CAN HELP GIVE MONEY TO PEOPLE WHO REALLY NEED IT AND PRODUCE JOBS, WHICH WE NEED. I'M JOSH, AND THIS IS MY SISTER, KAYLA, AND WE LIVE IN VESTAL, NEW YORK. WE LIVE ABOUT FIVE TO TEN MILES FROM THE PENNSYLVANIA BORDER. >> WELL, IT'S FRUSTRATING LIVING IN NEW YORK SO CLOSE TO PENNSYLVANIA BECAUSE THEY'RE FRACKING THE SAME NATURAL GAS DOWN THERE THAT WE HAVE UP HERE, BUT IN NEW YORK, FRACKING ISN'T ALLOWED RIGHT NOW. >> RIGHT NOW MY FAMILY'S STRUGGLING TO PAY THE BILLS. IF OUR FAMILY LEASED OUR LAND, WE COULD POTENTIALLY MAKE AN ESTIMATED $187,000 BEFORE TAXES. >> IN NEW YORK, THERE'S A MORATORIUM ON FRACKING, WHICH IS A TEMPORARY BAN, AND CURRENTLY THE FRACKING PROCESS IS UNDER REVIEW TO SEE IF IT WILL HAPPEN IN THIS STATE. I'M EMMA. AND THIS IS MIRA. WE LIVE IN ITHACA, NEW YORK, AND WE DO NOT WANT FRACKING IN OUR STATE. >> I LIVE IN AN AREA WHERE THERE'S A LOT OF WOODS. THERE'S A LOT OF NATURE, AND IT'S KIND OF HARD TO IMAGINE IT BEING DESTROYED BECAUSE OF FRACKING. >> THERE'S A LOT MORE THAN JUST ONE PROBLEM WITH FRACKING, SO... WE ARE A PART OF THE GROUP NEW YORK YOUTH AGAINST FRACKING. RECENTLY, OUR GROUP WENT TO ALBANY DURING THE GOVERNOR'S STATE OF THE STATE ADDRESS TO ATTEND A RALLY. >> ONE OF THE MAIN GOALS IS TO SHOW THE GOVERNOR AND OTHER PEOPLE THAT THE YOUTH HAVE A VOICE IN THIS. >> IT SEEMS TO ME THAT IT'S FAIRLY OBVIOUS THAT THERE'S A LOT THAT CAN AND WILL GO WRONG WITH THIS PROCESS. FOR ONE, SHOOTING A MIXTURE OF PRESSURIZED CHEMICALS AND WATER AND SAND INTO THE GROUND NEAR GROUNDWATER SEEMS VERY RISKY TO ME. PEOPLE'S HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT SHOULD GO FIRST. >> SOMETIMES I FEEL LIKE PEOPLE AGAINST IT ARE JUST, LIKE, "HE DOESN'T CARE ABOUT ANYTHING WITH THE ENVIRONMENT. HE JUST WANTS MONEY. THAT'S ALL THEY WANT." IT IS NOT TRUE BECAUSE WE DO CARE ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT WE HONESTLY BELIEVE THAT FRACKING IS SAFE. >> IN NEW YORK CITY, WE GET OUR WATER FROM RESERVOIRS IN UPSTATE NEW YORK. IF THEY DRILL NEAR THAT AREA, THEY COULD CONTAMINATE OUR WATER SUPPLY. I'M TONI. I LIVE IN THE BRONX. I'M NOT AGAINST HYDROFRACKING ALTOGETHER BECAUSE NATURAL GAS DOES PROVIDE US WITH A CLEANER SOURCE OF ENERGY, BUT IT HAS TO BE TAKEN OUT OF THE GROUND WITH MORE CARE. >> I WISH THAT FRACKING HAD NEVER CAME ANYWHERE NEAR ME OR ANYBODY ELSE FOR THAT MATTER. I'M GRANT, AND I LIVE IN SMITHFIELD, PA. WE ARE RIGHT OVER THE MARCELLUS. MY PARENTS FOUND THIS LAND, FELL IN LOVE WITH IT, AND BOUGHT IT TO BUILD A HOUSE ON AND RETIRE. BEFORE WE EVEN BUILT THE HOUSE, WE CAME OVER, AND THEY WERE BULLDOZING ROADS THROUGH OUR FIELDS. THE WELLS JUST CAME IN EXTREMELY FAST ONE AFTER THE OTHER. THERE IS FOUR SHALLOW WELLS AND ONE MARCELLUS. THEY'RE ALLOWED TO DRILL HERE BECAUSE WE DON'T OWN THE RIGHTS TO THE NATURAL GAS, SO WE DON'T HAVE ANY SAY OVER WHAT'S HAPPENING. I WOULD JUST DESCRIBE IT AS A BIG GREEN UGLY MESS. >> IN ANY ONE STATE, THERE COULD BE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF WELLS, AND THAT MEANS THAT THIS IS AN INDUSTRY THAT WANTS US TO LIVE INSIDE THEIR INDUSTRIAL PARK. IN THE U.S., WE TRADITIONALLY HAVE ALWAYS DONE SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION BEFORE WE DEVELOP AND SELL A PRODUCT. THAT'S NOT THE CASE WITH OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY. IT'S THE REVERSE. IN MANY CASES, BEFORE THEY DID THE STUDIES, THEY STARTED DRILLING AND PRODUCING. >> YOU CANNOT PREDICT BY STUDY AHEAD OF TIME WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN. YOU HAVE TO GO OUT IN THIS VERY COMPLEX PROCESS AND DISCOVER WHAT THE PROBLEMS ARE, AND THEN YOU ACT TO FIX THEM. >> IN MY OPINION, THE PROBLEM IS THAT WE DON'T HAVE VERY, VERY TOUGH REGULATIONS. THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY GENERALLY GETS A PASS AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL. AND SO WE'RE RELYING ON THE STATES TO DO WHAT IN OTHER CIRCUMSTANCES THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WOULD DO TO PROTECT US. AND SOME STATES REGULATE VERY CLOSELY. OTHER STATES, NOT SO CLOSELY. >> THE COMMON NOTION IS THAT THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IS EXEMPT FROM THE CLEAN WATER AND CLEAN AIR ACT. THE REALITY IS THAT WHEN INDUSTRY SPILLS SOMETHING, AND THAT SPILL ENTERS INTO A POND OR A STREAM, THEN THAT INDUSTRY IS IMMEDIATELY SUBJECTED TO THE LAWS AND REGULATIONS OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT. >> IF THEY WANT TO SEE PROBLEMS, THEY CAN COME VISIT MY LAND. WITHIN THE LAST YEAR, WE STARTED BECOMING MORE AWARE OF ALL THE PROBLEMS WITH THE WELLS. I REALLY STARTED TO BECOME ALARMED. RECENTLY, MY MOTHER HAS BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH ASTHMA. MY LITTLE BROTHER HAS HAD TERRIBLE STOMACHACHES THAT DOCTORS CAN'T EXPLAIN. FOR ME, IT WAS TERRIBLE SKIN RASHES. HONESTLY, I BELIEVE IT IS THE GAS WELLS. ANOTHER THING I'M CONCERNED ABOUT IS METHANE GAS. IT COULD ESCAPE TO THE ENVIRONMENT WHEN THEY FRACK. WE HAVE A NATURAL SPRING. IT WAS JUST A SPRING BEFORE WHERE ANIMALS WOULD DRINK OUT OF IT, BUT AFTER THEY FRACTURED THESE WELLS, IT STARTED BUBBLING AND ANY KIND OF STRIKE OF A MATCH OR ANYTHING COULD SET IT OFF. I THINK FRACKING SHOULD BE A LOT MORE HEAVILY REGULATED, AND I BELIEVE THAT THEY SHOULD GIVE YOU A LIST OF WHAT IS IN THE CHEMICALS THAT GOES INTO THE FLUID. THAT'S WHY I FEEL SUSPICIOUS. IF THERE'S NOTHING WRONG LIKE THEY PUT IT OUT TO BE, WHY HIDE WHAT'S IN IT? >> WHEN I HEAR ABOUT PEOPLE HAVING TROUBLES WITH THEIR WELLS, LIKE, I THINK THAT'S JUST PRETTY MUCH BAD LUCK, BECAUSE WE'VE NEVER HAD A PROBLEM WITH OUR WATER. I'VE NEVER BEEN NERVOUS ABOUT SPILLING THE NATURAL GAS OR HAVING IT IN THE AIR, AND I'VE NEVER SEEN BUBBLING WATER ON MY PROPERTY. I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE DON'T UNDERSTAND THAT FARMERS NEED THE MONEY. WE PROVIDE FOOD, AND WHEN THE FARMERS ARE DOING WELL, THAT MEANS EVERYONE ELSE IS DOING WELL. WE TRUST THE GAS COMPANIES AROUND HERE. THEY'VE NEVER REALLY GIVEN US A REASON NOT TO TRUST THEM. WE DON'T HAVE TO STRESS FINANCIALLY AS MUCH AS WE USED TO. >> I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE KNOW THAT IT'S NOT AS SAFE AS THE INDUSTRY PUTS IT OUT TO BE. WHAT GOOD IS THE MONEY THAT YOU GET AND THE GAS IF YOU CAN'T BREATHE YOUR AIR OR DRINK YOUR WATER? >> Ellerbee: IN SOME PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, IT'S OIL THEY'RE AFTER WITH FRACKING. WILLISTON, NORTH DAKOTA, LIES ABOVE THE BAKKEN, A GIANT UNDERGROUND SHALE ROCK FORMATION LOADED WITH OIL AND NATURAL GAS. THE BAKKEN WAS DISCOVERED 60 YEARS AGO, BUT UNTIL RECENTLY, THE OIL AND GAS WERE UNREACHABLE. >> WITHOUT FRACKING HERE IN WILLISTON, OIL PRODUCTION WOULD BE BASICALLY USELESS. WE WOULD BE ABLE TO RECOVER ANY OIL. >> Ellerbee: NOW 700,000 BARRELS OF OIL ARE BEING PUMPED OUT OF THE BAKKEN EVERY DAY, MAKING NORTH DAKOTA THE SECOND LARGEST OIL-PRODUCING STATE IN AMERICA. ONLY TEXAS PRODUCES MORE. >> WILLISTON USED TO BE SUCH A SMALL TOWN, MOSTLY A FARMING CITY, YOU KNOW? BUT A LOT OF THINGS HAVE CHANGED. >> Ellerbee: THE BUSINESS OF FRACKING FOR OIL HAS TURNED SLEEPY WILLISTON INTO A BOOMTOWN WITH THE LOWEST UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN THE COUNTRY. >> IT'S DEFINITELY CHANGED MY LIFESTYLE. >> WE ARE JORDAN, TY, TESSA, ANTHONY, AMY, AND COLTON, AND WE LIVE IN WILLISTON, NORTH DAKOTA. >> WE LIVE ON A 100-ACRE FARM. THERE WAS A LOT OF WIDE, OPEN SPACE BEFORE THIS, AND IT SEEMS LIKE IT'S JUST STARTING TO CLOSE IN. FROM MY HOUSE, I CAN SEE THE WELLS PUMPING. I CAN SEE DRILLING. ALL THE TIME, THERE'S PIPES BANGING TOGETHER. TRUCKS ALL NIGHT. IT SEEMS LIKE ALL THE ANIMALS ARE JUST LEAVING 'CAUSE OF ALL THE PEOPLE, ALL THE TRAFFIC, ALL THE NOISE. THERE IS A MASSIVE FLARE, HUGE, HALF A MILE AWAY FROM MY HOUSE. CAN'T BE GOOD. THIS IS ALL THE NATURAL GAS BURNING OFF. WHEN THEY FIRST DRILL FOR OIL, IT PUNCTURES THE NATURAL GAS, SO IT COMES OUT. THEY'RE JUST BURNING IT OFF IN HUGE AMOUNTS. ON A CLOUDY DAY, IT FILLS MY BEDROOM WITH LIGHT. MY FAMILY OWNS ALL THE LAND OUR FARM'S ON, BUT UNDERNEATH THE LAND--IT'S CALLED THE MINERAL RIGHTS, AND WE DON'T OWN THAT. SO NOW WHEN AN OIL COMPANY WANTS TO COME PUT A WELL ON OUR FARM, IT ONLY HAS TO BE 500 FEET AWAY FROM OUR HOUSE. THEY WOULD PAY US A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF MONEY. THE WAY I FEEL ABOUT THAT IS, I DON'T LIKE IT, AND I DON'T WANT IT HERE. >> MY DAD HADN'T BEEN WORKING FOR A YEAR IN KALISPELL, MONTANA, SO WE DECIDED TO GO TO WILLISTON WHERE A LOT OF MONEY WAS BEING MADE. A LOT OF PEOPLE MOVE HERE FOR JOBS. >> PEOPLE ARE COMING HERE IN WILLISTON, NORTH DAKOTA, THE LAST PLACE YOU'D EXPECT ANYTHING, TO GET A JOB. AND OUR COMMUNITY IS GROWING AND THRIVING. THEY'RE THINKING ABOUT BUILDING A MALL. IT'S INCREASING THAT MUCH. WILLISTON NEVER THOUGHT WE'D GET A MALL. >> WE'VE BUILT A LOT MORE HOTELS AND A LOT MORE APARTMENTS, AND THERE'S STILL SOME GOING UP, BUT THERE'S STILL NOT ENOUGH FOR EVERYBODY. PEOPLE ARE LIVING IN CAMPERS. >> WE WERE NOT READY FOR SO MANY PEOPLE THAT IT'S JUST-- IT'S OVERWHELMING. >> THE CLASSES ARE MORE CROWDED. THERE'S MORE DISTRACTIONS, AND WE ACTUALLY HAVE TO SHARE LOCKERS. FOR LUNCH, WE HAVE TO HAVE TWO SEPARATE CAFETERIAS 'CAUSE THERE'S SO MANY PEOPLE. WE HAVE THE ORIGINAL CAFETERIA FOR ONE TEAM, AND THEN WE HAVE TO USE HALF THE GYM FOR THE OTHER TEAM. IT'S CRAZY. >> THERE'S A LOT OF MONEY FOR PEOPLE WHO WORK FOR THE OIL INDUSTRY. MY FATHER WORKS IN AN OIL WELL SERVICE SUPERVISING THE WELLS. THIS IS DEFINITELY ONE OF THE BIGGEST OPPORTUNITIES OF HIS LIFE. WE JUST BUILT A NEW HOUSE NOT EVEN A YEAR AGO, WHICH BECAUSE OF HIS JOB, HE'S GOTTEN MORE MONEY, ABLE TO PAY THAT. WE'VE GOTTEN A NEW TRUCK FOR THE WINTER, 'CAUSE HARSH WINTERS UP HERE IN NORTH DAKOTA. >> MY STEPDAD WORKS IN THE OIL FIELD. EVER SINCE THE BOOM, WE'VE BEEN TAKING MORE TRIPS, AND THAT'S BEEN GOOD FOR MY FAMILY. >> BEFORE THE BIG OIL BOOM HAPPENED, IT WAS VERY CALM AND PEACEFUL, NOT AS MUCH CAR ACCIDENTS OR CRIMES, AND IT WAS EASY TO GET AROUND. BUT THESE PAST COUPLE OF YEARS, THERE IS A LOT MORE NOISE BECAUSE OF THE TRAFFIC, AND THERE'S A LOT MORE LITTER TOO. >> WHAT I MISS ABOUT WILLISTON IS THAT YOU COULD JUST WALK AROUND TOWN AND KNOW EVERYBODY. >> NOW IT'S JUST LIKE, "WHO ARE YOU?" >> Ellerbee: FRACKING IS CHANGING NEIGHBORHOODS FOR BETTER OR FOR WORSE. MORE WELLS, MORE RISK, THE BIGGEST BEING THAT WE DON'T KNOW THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS. >> ONE OF THE MOST WORRISOME THINGS IS THAT THERE'S NO WAY TO REALLY KNOW WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN, BECAUSE ANYTHING COULD HAPPEN. >> IF SOMETHING DOES COME UP, WE'LL DEAL WITH IT THEN. WE DON'T REALLY NEED TO WORRY ABOUT IT NOW. >> THERE ARE RISKS. BUT JUST WITH ABOUT ALMOST EVERY ENERGY SOURCE, THERE ARE RISKS. BUT I BELIEVE THAT THE BENEFITS OUTDOES THOSE RISKS. >> WHAT HAPPENS WHEN ALL OF THAT OIL AND GAS GETS USED UP? WHAT DO WE DO NEXT? WE'RE TOTALLY UNPREPARED. >> WE SHOULD TRY TO INVEST IN RENEWABLE SOURCES AS FAST AS WE CAN. >> NATURAL GAS IS TEMPORARILY THE BEST SOURCE OF ENERGY WE HAVE RIGHT NOW. >> I'M ALL FOR NATURAL GAS AND USING OUR OWN RESOURCES, BUT THERE'S GOT TO BE A SAFER, MORE PRACTICAL, LESS HAZARDOUS WAY TO DO IT. >> Ellerbee: SO WOULD FRACKING DO MORE HARM THAN GOOD, OR ARE THE BENEFITS GREATER THAN THE RISKS? AS YOU'VE SEEN, IT DEPENDS ON WHOM YOU ASK AND WHOM YOU BELIEVE. A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE STRONG FEELINGS ABOUT FRACKING. BUT WHAT ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO, IN THE END, WILL BE MOST AFFECTED? THAT WOULD BE YOU. NOW WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT FRACKING? SIMPLE IS NEVER THE SAME AS EASY, IS IT? I'M LINDA ELLERBEE.